SBOS969F October   2019  – January 2022 OPA2991 , OPA4991 , OPA991


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information for Single Channel
    5. 6.5 Thermal Information for Dual Channel
    6. 6.6 Thermal Information for Quad Channel
    7. 6.7 Electrical Characteristics
    8. 6.8 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1  Input Protection Circuitry
      2. 7.3.2  EMI Rejection
      3. 7.3.3  Thermal Protection
      4.      22
      5. 7.3.4  Capacitive Load and Stability
      6. 7.3.5  Common-Mode Voltage Range
      7. 7.3.6  Phase Reversal Protection
      8. 7.3.7  Electrical Overstress
      9. 7.3.8  Overload Recovery
      10. 7.3.9  Typical Specifications and Distributions
      11. 7.3.10 Packages With an Exposed Thermal Pad
      12. 7.3.11 Shutdown
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Applications
      1. 8.2.1 Low-Side Current Measurement
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
        3. Application Curves
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Device Support
      1. 11.1.1 Development Support
        1. TINA-TI (Free Software Download)
        2. TI Precision Designs
    2. 11.2 Documentation Support
      1. 11.2.1 Related Documentation
    3. 11.3 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    4. 11.4 Support Resources
    5. 11.5 Trademarks
    6. 11.6 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    7. 11.7 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information


The OPAx991S devices feature one or more shutdown pins (SHDN) that disable the op amp, placing it into a low-power standby mode. In this mode, the op amp typically consumes about 30 µA. The SHDN pins are active high, meaning that shutdown mode is enabled when the input to the SHDN pin is a valid logic high. The amplifier is enabled when the input to the SHDN pin is a valid logic low.

The SHDN pins are referenced to the negative supply rail of the op amp. The threshold of the shutdown feature lies around 800 mV (typical) and does not change with respect to the supply voltage. Hysteresis has been included in the switching threshold to ensure smooth switching characteristics. To ensure optimal shutdown behavior, the SHDN pins should be driven with valid logic signals. A valid logic low is defined as a voltage between V– and V– + 0.2 V. A valid logic high is defined as a voltage between V– + 1.1 V and V– + 20 V or V+, whichever is lower. The shutdown pin circuitry includes a pull-down resistor, which will inherently pull the voltage of the pin to the negative supply rail if not driven. Thus, to enable the amplifier, the SHDN pins should either be left floating or driven to a valid logic low. To disable the amplifier, the SHDN pins must be driven to a valid logic high. The maximum voltage allowed at the SHDN pins is V– + 20 V or V+, whichever is lower. Exceeding V– + 20 V or V+, whichever is lower, will damage the device.

The SHDN pins are high-impedance CMOS inputs. Channels of single and dual op amp packages are independently controlled, and channels of quad op amp packages are controlled in pairs. For battery-operated applications, this feature may be used to greatly reduce the average current and extend battery life. The typical enable time out of shutdown is 8 µs; disable time is 3 µs. When disabled, the output assumes a high-impedance state. This architecture allows the OPAx991S family to operate as a gated amplifier, multiplexer, or programmable-gain amplifier. Shutdown time (tOFF) depends on loading conditions and increases as load resistance increases. To ensure shutdown (disable) within a specific shutdown time, the specified 10-kΩ load to midsupply (VS / 2) is required. If using the OPAx991S without a load, the resulting turnoff time significantly increases.