SBOS969E October   2019  – May 2021 OPA2991 , OPA4991 , OPA991

PRODMIX  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information for Single Channel
    5. 6.5 Thermal Information for Dual Channel
    6. 6.6 Thermal Information for Quad Channel
    7. 6.7 Electrical Characteristics
    8. 6.8 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1  Input Protection Circuitry
      2. 7.3.2  EMI Rejection
      3. 7.3.3  Thermal Protection
      4.     
      5. 7.3.4  Capacitive Load and Stability
      6. 7.3.5  Common-Mode Voltage Range
      7. 7.3.6  Phase Reversal Protection
      8. 7.3.7  Electrical Overstress
      9. 7.3.8  Overload Recovery
      10. 7.3.9  Typical Specifications and Distributions
      11. 7.3.10 Packages With an Exposed Thermal Pad
      12. 7.3.11 Shutdown
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Applications
      1. 8.2.1 Low-Side Current Measurement
        1. 8.2.1.1 Design Requirements
        2. 8.2.1.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        3. 8.2.1.3 Application Curves
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Device Support
      1. 11.1.1 Development Support
        1. 11.1.1.1 TINA-TI (Free Software Download)
        2. 11.1.1.2 TI Precision Designs
    2. 11.2 Documentation Support
      1. 11.2.1 Related Documentation
    3. 11.3 Related Links
    4. 11.4 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    5. 11.5 Support Resources
    6. 11.6 Trademarks
    7. 11.7 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    8. 11.8 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Common-Mode Voltage Range

The OPAx991 is a 40-V, true rail-to-rail input operational amplifier with an input common-mode range that extends 100 mV beyond either supply rail. This wide range is achieved with paralleled complementary N-channel and P-channel differential input pairs, as shown in Figure 7-8. The N-channel pair is active for input voltages close to the positive rail, typically (V+) – 1 V to 100 mV above the positive supply. The P-channel pair is active for inputs from 100 mV below the negative supply to approximately (V+) – 2 V. There is a small transition region, typically (V+) – 2 V to (V+) – 1 V in which both input pairs are on. This transition region can vary modestly with process variation, and within this region PSRR, CMRR, offset voltage, offset drift, noise, and THD performance may be degraded compared to operation outside this region.

Figure 6-5 shows this transition region for a typical device in terms of input voltage offset in more detail.

For more information on common-mode voltage range and PMOS/NMOS pair interaction, see Op Amps With Complementary-Pair Input Stages application note.

GUID-3655C72A-40B1-47F9-B34F-9E9982BD29E2-low.gifFigure 7-8 Rail-to-Rail Input Stage