SLLSFM0A March   2022  – June 2022 SN6507


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Switching Characteristics
    7. 6.7 Typical Characteristics, SN6507
  7. Parameter Measurement Information
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1 Push-Pull Converter
      2. 8.3.2 Core Magnetization
      3. 8.3.3 Duty Cycle Control
      4.      Programmable Switching Frequency
      5. 8.3.4 Spread Spectrum Clocking
      6. 8.3.5 Slew Rate Control
      7. 8.3.6 Protection Features
        1. Over Voltage Protection (OVP)
        2. Over Current and Short Circuit Protection (OCP)
        3. Under Voltage Lock-Out (UVLO)
        4. Thermal Shut Down (TSD)
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 Start-Up Mode
        1. Soft-Start
      2. 8.4.2 Operation Mode
      3. 8.4.3 Shutdown Mode
      4. 8.4.4 SYNC Mode
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
    2. 9.2 Typical Application
      1. 9.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 9.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. Pin Configuration
        2. LDO Selection
        3. Diode Selection
        4. Capacitor and Inductor Selection
        5. Transformer Selection
          1. V-t Product Calculation
          2. Turns Ratio Estimate
        6. Low-Emissions Designs
      3. 9.2.3 Application Curves
      4. 9.2.4 System Examples
        1. Higher Output Voltage Designs
        2. Commercially-Available Transformers
    3. 9.3 Power Supply Recommendations
    4. 9.4 Layout
      1. 9.4.1 Layout Guidelines
      2. 9.4.2 Layout Example
  10. 10Device and Documentation Support
    1. 10.1 Documentation Support
      1. 10.1.1 Related Documentation
    2. 10.2 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    3. 10.3 Community Resources
    4. 10.4 Trademarks
  11. 11Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

LDO Selection

SN6507 is an open-loop transformer driver without load regulation capability. The output voltage may vary over a wide range load current. Therefore, if a high-accuracy, load independent supply is required, the implementation of a low dropout regulator (LDO) on the output side is strongly advised.

The minimum requirements for a suitable low dropout regulator are:

  • Its current drive capability should slightly exceed the specified load current of the application to prevent the LDO from dropping out of regulation. Therefore, for a load current of 200 mA, choose a 200 mA to 300 mA LDO. While regulators with higher drive capabilities are acceptable, they also usually possess higher dropout voltages that will reduce overall converter efficiency.
  • The internal dropout voltage, VDO, at the specified load current should be as low as possible to maintain efficiency. For a low-cost 300 mA LDO, a VDO of 600 mV at 300 mA is common. Be aware; however, that this lower value is usually specified at room temperature and can increase by a factor of 2 over temperature, which in turn will raise the required minimum input voltage.
  • The required minimum input voltage preventing the regulator from dropping out of line regulation is given with:
    Equation 5. VI-min = VDO-max + VO-max

    This means in order to determine VI for worst-case condition, the user must take the maximum values for VDO and VO specified in the LDO data sheet for rated output current (that is, 200 mA) and add them together. Also specify that the output voltage of the push-pull rectifier at the specified load current is equal or higher than VI-min. If it is not, the LDO will lose line-regulation and any variations at the input passes straight through to the output. Hence, below VI-min the output voltage follows the input and the regulator behaves like a simple conductor.

  • The maximum regulator input voltage must be higher than the rectifier output under no-load. Under this condition there is no secondary current reflected back to the primary, thus making the voltage drop across RDS-on negligible and allowing the entire converter input voltage to drop across the primary. At this point, the secondary reaches its maximum voltage of
    Equation 6. VS-max = VIN-max × N

with VIN-max as the maximum converter input voltage and n as the transformer turns ratio. Thus to prevent the LDO from damage the maximum regulator input voltage must be higher than VS-max. Table 9-2 lists the maximum secondary voltages for various turns ratios commonly applied in push-pull converters.

Table 9-2 Required Maximum LDO Input Voltages for Various Push-Pull Configurations
24 VIN to 15 VOUT251.38:11825
12 VIN to 15 VOUT12.51:1.51925