The load current (ILOAD) produces a voltage drop across the shunt resistor (RSHUNT). The load current is set from 0 A to 1 A. To keep the shunt voltage below 100 mV at maximum load current, the largest shunt resistor is shown using Equation 2:
Using Equation 2, RSHUNT is calculated to be 100 mΩ. The voltage drop produced by ILOAD and RSHUNT is amplified by the TLV900x-Q1 to produce an output voltage of approximately 0 V to 4.9 V. The gain needed by the TLV900x-Q1 to produce the necessary output voltage is calculated using Equation 3:
Selecting RF as 57.6 kΩ and RG as 1.2 kΩ provides a combination that equals 49 V/V. Figure 38 shows the measured transfer function of the circuit shown in Figure 37. Notice that the gain is only a function of the feedback and gain resistors. This gain is adjusted by varying the ratio of the resistors and the actual resistors values are determined by the impedance levels that the designer wants to establish. The impedance level determines the current drain, the effect that stray capacitance has, and a few other behaviors. There is no optimal impedance selection that works for every system, you must choose an impedance that is ideal for your system parameters.