SBOS825D September 2019 – July 2021 TMCS1101
The TMCS1101 is specified for a continuous current handling capability on the TMCS1101EVM, which uses 3-oz copper pour planes. This current capability is fundamentally limited by the maximum device junction temperature and the thermal environment, primarily the PCB layout and design. To maximize current-handling capability and thermal stability of the device, take care with PCB layout and construction to optimize the thermal capability. Efforts to improve the thermal performance beyond the design and construction of the TMCS1101EVM can result in increased continuous-current capability due to higher heat transfer to the ambient environment. Keys to improving thermal performance of the PCB include:
The TMCS1101 senses external magnetic fields, so make sure to minimize adjacent high-current traces in close proximity to the device. The input current trace can contribute additional magnetic field to the sensor if the input current traces are routed parallel to the vertical axis of the package. Figure 12-1 illustrates the most optimal input current routing into the TMCS1101. As the angle that the current approaches the device deviates from 0° to the horizontal axis, the current trace contributes some additional magnetic field to the sensor, increasing the effective sensitivity of the device. If current must be routed parallel to the package vertical axis, move the routing away from the package to minimize the impact to the sensitivity of the device. Terminate the input current path directly underneath the package lead footprint, and use a merged copper input trace for both the IN+ and IN– inputs.
In addition to thermal and magnetic optimization, make sure to consider the PCB design required creepage and clearance for system-level isolation requirements. Maintain required creepage between solder stencils, as shown in Figure 12-2, if possible. If not possible to maintain required PCB creepage between the two isolated sides at board level, add additional slots or grooves to the board. If more creepage and clearance is required for system isolation levels than is provided by the package, the entire device and solder mask can be encapsulated with an overmold compound to meet system-level requirements.