JAJSC45C August   2013  – October 2015 UCC27211A


  1. 特長
  2. アプリケーション
  3. 概要
  4. 改訂履歴
  5. Description (continued)
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1  Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2  ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3  Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4  Thermal Information
    5. 7.5  Electrical Characteristics
    6. 7.6  Switching Characteristics: Propagation Delays
    7. 7.7  Switching Characteristics: Delay Matching
    8. 7.8  Switching Characteristics: Output Rise and Fall Time
    9. 7.9  Switching Characteristics: Miscellaneous
    10. 7.10 Typical Characteristics
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1 Input Stages
      2. 8.3.2 Undervoltage Lockout (UVLO)
      3. 8.3.3 Level Shift
      4. 8.3.4 Boot Diode
      5. 8.3.5 Output Stages
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
    2. 9.2 Typical Application
      1. 9.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 9.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. Input Threshold Type
        2. VDD Bias Supply Voltage
        3. Peak Source and Sink Currents
        4. Propagation Delay
        5. Power Dissipation
      3. 9.2.3 Application Curves
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
    3. 11.3 Thermal Considerations
  12. 12デバイスおよびドキュメントのサポート
    1. 12.1 ドキュメントのサポート
      1. 12.1.1 関連資料
    2. 12.2 コミュニティ・リソース
    3. 12.3 商標
    4. 12.4 静電気放電に関する注意事項
    5. 12.5 Glossary
  13. 13メカニカル、パッケージ、および注文情報



9 Application and Implementation


Information in the following applications sections is not part of the TI component specification, and TI does not warrant its accuracy or completeness. TI’s customers are responsible for determining suitability of components for their purposes. Customers should validate and test their design implementation to confirm system functionality.

9.1 Application Information

To affect fast switching of power devices and reduce associated switching power losses, a powerful gate driver is employed between the PWM output of controllers and the gates of the power semiconductor devices. Also, gate drivers are indispensable when it is impossible for the PWM controller to directly drive the gates of the switching devices. With the advent of digital power, this situation will be often encountered because the PWM signal from the digital controller is often a 3.3-V logic signal which cannot effectively turn on a power switch. Level shifting circuitry is needed to boost the 3.3-V signal to the gate-drive voltage (such as 12 V) in order to fully turn on the power device and minimize conduction losses. Traditional buffer drive circuits based on NPN/PNP bipolar transistors in totem-pole arrangement, being emitter follower configurations, prove inadequate with digital power because they lack level-shifting capability. Gate drivers effectively combine both the level-shifting and buffer-drive functions. Gate drivers also find other needs such as minimizing the effect of high-frequency switching noise by locating the high-current driver physically close to the power switch, driving gate-drive transformers, and controlling floating power-device gates, reducing power dissipation and thermal stress in controllers by moving gate charge power losses from the controller into the driver.

Finally, emerging wide band-gap power device technologies such as GaN based switches, which are capable of supporting very high switching frequency operation, are driving very special requirements in terms of gate drive capability. These requirements include operation at low VDD voltages (5 V or lower), low propagation delays and availability in compact, low-inductance packages with good thermal capability. Gate-driver devices are extremely important components in switching power, and they combine the benefits of high-performance, low-cost component count and board-space reduction as well as simplified system design.  

9.2 Typical Application

UCC27211A alt_1_v13114_lusbl4.gif Figure 18. UCC27211A Typical Application Diagram
UCC27211A alt2_lusat7.gif Figure 19. UCC27211 Typical Application Diagram

9.2.1 Design Requirements

Table 3. Design Specifications

Supply voltage, VDD 12 V
Voltage on HS, VHS 0 V to 100 V
Voltage on HB, VHB 12 V to 112 V
Output current rating, IO –4 A to 4 A
Operating frequency 500 kHz

9.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure Input Threshold Type

The UCC27211A has an input maximum voltage range from –10 V to 20 V. This increased robustness means that both parts can be directly interfaced to gate drive transformers. The UCC27211A features TTL compatible input threshold logic with wide hysteresis. The threshold voltage levels are low voltage and independent of the VDD supply voltage, which allows compatibility with both logic-level input signals from microcontrollers as well as higher-voltage input signals from analog controllers. See the Electrical Characteristics table for the actual input threshold voltage levels and hysteresis specifications for the UCC27211A device. VDD Bias Supply Voltage

The bias supply voltage to be applied to the VDD pin of the device should never exceed the values listed in the Absolute Maximum Ratings table. However, different power switches demand different voltage levels to be applied at the gate terminals for effective turnon and turnoff. With certain power switches, a positive gate voltage may be required for turnon and a negative gate voltage may be required for turnoff, in which case the VDD bias supply equals the voltage differential. With a wide operating range from 8 V to 17 V, the UCC27211A device can be used to drive a variety of power switches, such as Si MOSFETs, IGBTs, and wide-bandgap power semiconductors (such as GaN, certain types of which allow no higher than 6 V to be applied to the gate terminals). Peak Source and Sink Currents

Generally, the switching speed of the power switch during turnon and turnoff should be as fast as possible in order to minimize switching power losses. The gate driver device must be able to provide the required peak current for achieving the targeted switching speeds with the targeted power MOSFET. The system requirement for the switching speed is typically described in terms of the slew rate of the drain-to-source voltage of the power MOSFET (such as dVDS/dt). For example, the system requirement might state that a SPP20N60C3 power MOSFET must be turned-on with a dVDS/dt of 20V/ns or higher with a DC bus voltage of 400 V in a continuous-conduction-mode (CCM) boost PFC-converter application. This type of application is an inductive hard-switching application and reducing switching power losses is critical. This requirement means that the entire drain-to-source voltage swing during power MOSFET turnon event (from 400 V in the OFF state to VDS(on) in on state) must be completed in approximately 20 ns or less. When the drain-to-source voltage swing occurs, the Miller charge of the power MOSFET (QGD parameter in SPP20N60C3 data sheet is 33 nC typical) is supplied by the peak current of gate driver. According to power MOSFET inductive switching mechanism, the gate-to-source voltage of the power MOSFET at this time is the Miller plateau voltage, which is typically a few volts higher than the threshold voltage of the power MOSFET, VGS(TH).

To achieve the targeted dVDS/dt, the gate driver must be capable of providing the QGD charge in 20 ns or less. In other words a peak current of 1.65 A (= 33 nC / 20 ns) or higher must be provided by the gate driver. The UCC27211A gate driver is capable of providing 4-A peak sourcing current which clearly exceeds the design requirement and has the capability to meet the switching speed needed. The 2.4× overdrive capability provides an extra margin against part-to-part variations in the QGD parameter of the power MOSFET along with additional flexibility to insert external gate resistors and fine tune the switching speed for efficiency versus EMI optimizations. However, in practical designs the parasitic trace inductance in the gate drive circuit of the PCB will have a definitive role to play on the power MOSFET switching speed. The effect of this trace inductance is to limit the dI/dt of the output current pulse of the gate driver. In order to illustrate this, consider output current pulse waveform from the gate driver to be approximated to a triangular profile, where the area under the triangle
(½ × IPEAK × time) would equal the total gate charge of the power MOSFET (QG parameter in SPP20N60C3 power MOSFET datasheet = 87 nC typical). If the parasitic trace inductance limits the dI/dt then a situation may occur in which the full peak current capability of the gate driver is not fully achieved in the time required to deliver the QG required for the power MOSFET switching. In other words the time parameter in the equation would dominate and the IPEAK value of the current pulse would be much less than the true peak current capability of the device, while the required QG is still delivered. Because of this, the desired switching speed may not be realized, even when theoretical calculations indicate the gate driver is capable of achieving the targeted switching speed. Thus, placing the gate driver device very close to the power MOSFET and designing a tight gate drive-loop with minimal PCB trace inductance is important to realize the full peak-current capability of the gate driver. Propagation Delay

The acceptable propagation delay from the gate driver is dependent on the switching frequency at which it is used and the acceptable level of pulse distortion to the system. The UCC27211A features 16-ns (typical) propagation delays, which ensures very little pulse distortion and allows operation at very high-frequencies. See the Electrical Characteristics table for the propagation and switching characteristics of the UCC27211A device. Power Dissipation

Power dissipation of the gate driver has two portions as shown in Equation 1.

Equation 1. PDISS = PDC + PSW

The DC portion of the power dissipation is PDC = IQ × VDD where IQ is the quiescent current for the driver. The quiescent current is the current consumed by the device to bias all internal circuits such as input stage, reference voltage, logic circuits, protections, and also any current associated with switching of internal devices when the driver output changes state (such as charging and discharging of parasitic capacitances, parasitic shoot-through, and so forth). The UCC27211A features very low quiescent currents (less than 0.17 mA, refer to the Electrical Characteristics table and contain internal logic to eliminate any shoot-through in the output driver stage. Thus the effect of the PDC on the total power dissipation within the gate driver can be safely assumed to be negligible. The power dissipated in the gate-driver package during switching (PSW) depends on the following factors:

  • Gate charge required of the power device (usually a function of the drive voltage VG, which is very close to input bias supply voltage VDD)
  • Switching frequency
  • Use of external gate resistors. When a driver device is tested with a discrete, capacitive load calculating the power that is required from the bias supply is fairly simple. The energy that must be transferred from the bias supply to charge the capacitor is given by Equation 2.
  • Equation 2. EG = ½CLOAD × VDD2


    • CLOAD is load capacitor
    • VDD is bias voltage feeding the driver

There is an equal amount of energy dissipated when the capacitor is charged and when it is discharged. This leads to a total power loss given by Equation 3.

Equation 3. PG = CLOAD × VDD2 × fSW


  • fSW is the switching frequency

The switching load presented by a power MOSFET/IGBT is converted to an equivalent capacitance by examining the gate charge required to switch the device. This gate charge includes the effects of the input capacitance plus the added charge needed to swing the drain voltage of the power device as it switches between the ON and OFF states. Most manufacturers provide specifications of typical and maximum gate charge, in nC, to switch the device under specified conditions. Using the gate charge Qg, determine the power that must be dissipated when switching a capacitor which is calculated using the equation QG = CLOAD × VDD to provide Equation 4 for power.

Equation 4. PG = CLOAD × VDD2 × fSW = QG × VDD × fSW

This power PG is dissipated in the resistive elements of the circuit when the MOSFET/IGBT is being turned on and off. Half of the total power is dissipated when the load capacitor is charged during turnon, and the other half is dissipated when the load capacitor is discharged during turnoff. When no external gate resistor is employed between the driver and MOSFET/IGBT, this power is completely dissipated inside the driver package. With the use of external gate-drive resistors, the power dissipation is shared between the internal resistance of driver and external gate resistor.

9.2.3 Application Curves

UCC27211A Fig18.png
Figure 20. Negative 10-V Input
UCC27211A Fig20.png
Figure 22. Symmetrical UVLO
UCC27211A Fig19.png
Figure 21. Step Input