Product details


Cell chemistry NiCd, NiMH Number of series cells 2-4 Cells Communication interface DQ Battery capacity (Min) (mAh) 500 Battery capacity (Max) (mAh) 6000 Implementation Pack External capacity indication LED Operating temperature range (C) 0 to 70 open-in-new Find other Battery fuel gauges

Package | Pins | Size

SOIC (D) 16 59 mm² 9.9 x 6 open-in-new Find other Battery fuel gauges


  • Conservative and repeatable measurement of available charge in rechargeable batteries
  • Charge control output
  • Designed for battery pack integration
    • 120µA typical standby current (self-discharge estimation mode)
    • Small size enables implementations in as little as ½ square inch of PCB
  • Integrate within a system or as a stand-alone device
    • Display capacity via single-wire serial communication port or direct drive of LEDs
  • Measurements compensated for current and temperature
  • Self-discharge compensation using internal temperature sensor
  • 16-pin narrow SOIC

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The bq2012 Gas Gauge IC is intended for battery-pack or in-system installation to maintain an accurate record of available battery charge. The IC monitors a voltage drop across a sense resistor connected in series between the negative battery terminal and ground to determine charge and discharge activity of the battery.

Self-discharge of NiMH and NiCd batteries is estimated based on an internal timer and temperature sensor. Compensations for battery temperature and rate of charge or discharge are applied to the charge, discharge, and self-discharge calculations to provide available charge information across a wide range of operating conditions. Battery capacity is automatically recalibrated, or "learned," in the course of a discharge cycle from full to empty.

The bq2012 includes a charge control output that, when used with other full-charge safety termination methods, can provide a cost-effective means of controlling charge based on the battery’s charge state.

Nominal available charge may be directly indicated using a five- or six-segment LED display. These segments are used to graphically indicate nominal available charge.

The bq2012 supports a simple single-line bidirectional serial link to an external processor (common ground). The bq2012 outputs battery information in response to external commands over the serial link.

Internal registers include available charge, temperature, capacity, battery ID, battery status, and programming pin settings. To support subassembly testing, the outputs may also be controlled. The external processor may also overwrite some of the bq2012 gas gauge data registers.

The bq2012 may operate directly from three or four cells. With the REF output and an external transistor, a simple, inexpensive regulator can be built to provide VCC across a greater number of cells.

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Same functionality but is not pin-for-pin or parametrically equivalent to the compared device:
BQ2060A ACTIVE Multi-chemistry SBS 1.1 compliant gas gauge with 5 LED drivers, Additional battery mgmt control This product is more accurate, SBS 1.1 Compliant, has faster communication capability and has a maintained design environment.

Technical documentation

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Type Title Date
* Datasheet Gas Gauge IC With Slow-Charge Control datasheet (Rev. A) Feb. 11, 2003
User guide EV2012 Gas Gauge Evaluation Board User's Guide Sep. 05, 1999
User guide EV2012, bq2012 Evaluation System Product Brief Sep. 05, 1999

Design & development

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SOIC (D) 16 View options

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