TIDA-00771

10.8V/250W, 97% Efficient,Compact Brushless DC Motor Drive w/Stall Current Limit Reference Design

TIDA-00771

Design files

Overview

The TIDA-00771 is a 20 A RMS drive for a three phase brushless DC (BLDC) motor in power tools operating from a 3-cell Li-ion battery with a voltage range of 5 V to 12.6 V. This design is a 45 x 50 mm compact drive implementing sensor-based trapezoidal control. The design uses a discrete, compact MOSFET-based three-phase inverter delivering 20 A RMS continuous (70 A peak for 1 second) winding current, without any external cooling or heat sink. The slew rate control and charge pump of the gate drive ensures maximum inverter efficiency (>97% at 10.8V DC) from 5 V to 12.6 V and optimum EMI performance. The cycle-by-cycle overcurrent protection feature protects the power stage from large stall currents and the board can work up to 55°C ambient. The small form factor enables placement of board close to the battery pack, high efficiency brings more battery duration and the 70 A peak current capability provides high momentary peak torque in power tools.

Features
  • Operates at Voltage Ranging from 5-V to 12.6-V (3-cell Li-ion Battery) with up to 20-ARMS Continuous (70A Peak for 1 Second) Winding Current Without Heat Sink or Airflow
  • Small PCB Form Factor of 45mm x 50mm
  • Optimum Inverter Efficiency (>97% at 10.8 V) from 5 V to 12.6 V and EMI Performance Using the Slew Rate Control and Charge Pump Feature of the Gate Driver
  • Cycle–by-Cycle Overcurrent Protection with <1us Response Time and Short Circuit Latch Protection by VDS Sensing
  • Shoot-through, Under Voltage, Over Temperature and Blocked Rotor Protection

Design files & products

Design files

Download ready-to-use system files to speed your design process.

TIDUBK5A.PDF (6056 K)

Reference design overview and verified performance test data

TIDRKY9.PDF (797 K)

Detailed schematic diagram for design layout and components

TIDRKZ0.PDF (56 K)

Complete listing of design components, reference designators, and manufacturers/part numbers

TIDRKZ1.ZIP (165 K)

Detailed overview of design layout for component placement

TIDCBZ1.ZIP (261 K)

Design file that contains information on physical board layer of design PCB

TIDRKZ2.PDF (2015 K)

PCB layer plot file used for generating PCB design layout

Products

Includes TI products in the design and potential alternatives.

N-channel MOSFETs

CSD17576Q5B30-V, N channel NexFET™ power MOSFET, single SON 5 mm x 6 mm, 2.9 mOhm

Data sheet document-pdfAcrobat PDF open-in-new HTML
Analog temperature sensors

LMT87±2°C 2.7V to 5.5V analog output temperature sensor with -13.6 mV/°C gain

Data sheet document-pdfAcrobat PDF open-in-new HTML
Brushless DC (BLDC) motor drivers

DRV830545-V max 3-phase smart gate driver with current shunt amplifiers & SPI

Data sheet document-pdfAcrobat PDF open-in-new HTML
MSP430 microcontrollers

MSP430G255316 MHz MCU with 16KB Flash, 512B SRAM, comparator, UART/SPI/I2C, timer

Data sheet document-pdfAcrobat PDF
Noninverting buffers & drivers

SN74LVC126A4-ch, 1.65-V to 3.6-V buffers with 3-state outputs

Data sheet document-pdfAcrobat PDF open-in-new HTML

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Software

Firmware

TIDA-00771 Firmware – TIDCBZ2.ZIP (4389 K)

Technical documentation

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Type Title Date
* Design guide 10.8-V/250-W, 97% Efficient, Compact BLDC Motor Drive W/ Stall Current Limit (Rev. A) Apr. 29, 2016
Technical article How to minimize MOSFET conduction loss in battery-powered motor drives Jun. 29, 2016
More literature TIDA-00771 Firmware Mar. 29, 2016

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