"You can take pride in the achievements
that have earned you this distinction and in the
knowledge that your work will help to improve lives
for generations to come."
- President Bill Clinton
November 1, 2000
Retired Texas Instruments inventor and engineer Jack Kilby
received the Nobel Prize in Physics on December 10. 2000 for
his part in the invention of the integrated circuit at TI
in 1958. His Majesty the King of Sweden presented the prize
to Mr. Kilby during an award ceremony at the Stockholm Concert
"It was a tremendous honor to be selected for the Nobel
Prize. I was pleased, delighted and surprised to have been
chosen. The Nobel events here in Stockholm have made this
a truly memorable experience that is to be savored and cherished,"
Mr. Kilby said.
Mr. Kilby was one of three Laureates selected in Physics
by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, honored for "basic
work on communication and information technology." Mr.
Kilby was awarded one-half of the prize, with the other half
jointly shared by Zhores Alferov and Herbert Kroemer for their
work in for developing semiconductor heterostructures used
in high-speed- and opto-electronics.
Mr. Kilby delivered his Laureate Lecture on "Turning
Potential into Realities: The Invention of the Integrated
Circuit." He spoke to an audience of about 800 on the
campus of Stockholm University, where students, teachers,
journalists and members of the Royal Swedish Academy were
The integrated circuit has long been noted as the single
most important invention of the Information Age and has spawned
entire generations of electronics devices and control systems.
Since the chip's invention, microelectronics has become the
basis of all modern technology, powering a range of technologies
from desktop and mainframe computers and communications equipment.
In addition, processors are used to control everything from
cars to sophisticated machinery and diagnostic equipment.
Invention of the chip gave rise to the modern computer era.
Today, it is powering the Internet Age, the next generation
of high-speed digital communications, satellite transmissions
and multifunctional wireless handheld devices and continues
to enable increasingly complex, more reliable and cost-effective