SNVSB28 December 2017 LM25575-Q1
The LM25575-Q1 contains a unique current monitoring scheme for control and over-current protection. When set correctly, the emulated current sense signal provides a signal which is proportional to the buck switch current with a scale factor of 1.0 V / A. The emulated ramp signal is applied to the current limit comparator. If the emulated ramp signal exceeds 2.1 V (2.1 A) the present current cycle is terminated (cycle-by-cycle current limiting). In applications with small output inductance and high input voltage the switch current may overshoot due to the propagation delay of the current limit comparator. If an overshoot should occur, the diode current sampling circuit will detect the excess inductor current during the off-time of the buck switch. If the sample & hold DC level exceeds the 2.1 V current limit threshold, the buck switch will be disabled and skip pulses until the diode current sampling circuit detects the inductor current has decayed below the current limit threshold. This approach prevents current runaway conditions due to propagation delays or inductor saturation since the inductor current is forced to decay following any current overshoot.