SNVSA47C February   2016  – December 2020 LM5165

PRODUCTION DATA  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Switching Characteristics
    7. 6.7 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1  Integrated Power MOSFETs
      2. 7.3.2  Selectable PFM or COT Mode Converter Operation
      3. 7.3.3  COT Mode Light-Load Operation
      4. 7.3.4  Low Dropout Operation and 100% Duty Cycle Mode
      5. 7.3.5  Adjustable Output Voltage (FB)
      6. 7.3.6  Adjustable Current Limit
      7. 7.3.7  Precision Enable (EN) and Hysteresis (HYS)
      8. 7.3.8  Power Good (PGOOD)
      9. 7.3.9  Configurable Soft Start (SS)
      10. 7.3.10 Thermal Shutdown
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Shutdown Mode
      2. 7.4.2 Standby Mode
      3. 7.4.3 Active Mode in COT
      4. 7.4.4 Active Mode in PFM
      5. 7.4.5 Sleep Mode in PFM
  8. Applications and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Applications
      1. 8.2.1 Design 1: Wide VIN, Low IQ COT Converter Rated at 5 V, 150 mA
        1. 8.2.1.1 Design Requirements
        2. 8.2.1.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 8.2.1.2.1 Custom Design With WEBENCH® Tools
          2. 8.2.1.2.2 Switching Frequency – RT
          3. 8.2.1.2.3 Filter Inductor – LF
          4. 8.2.1.2.4 Output Capacitors – COUT
          5. 8.2.1.2.5 Series Ripple Resistor – RESR
          6. 8.2.1.2.6 Input Capacitor – CIN
          7. 8.2.1.2.7 Soft-Start Capacitor – CSS
        3. 8.2.1.3 Application Curves
      2. 8.2.2 Design 2: Small Solution Size PFM Converter Rated at 3.3 V, 50 mA
        1. 8.2.2.1 Design Requirements
        2. 8.2.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 8.2.2.2.1 Peak Current Limit Setting – RILIM
          2. 8.2.2.2.2 Switching Frequency – LF
          3. 8.2.2.2.3 Output Capacitor – COUT
          4. 8.2.2.2.4 Input Capacitor – CIN
        3. 8.2.2.3 Application Curves
      3. 8.2.3 Design 3: High Density 12-V, 75-mA PFM Converter
        1. 8.2.3.1 Design Requirements
        2. 8.2.3.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 8.2.3.2.1 Peak Current Limit Setting – RILIM
          2. 8.2.3.2.2 Switching Frequency – LF
          3. 8.2.3.2.3 Input and Output Capacitors – CIN, COUT
          4. 8.2.3.2.4 Feedback Resistors – RFB1, RFB2
          5. 8.2.3.2.5 Undervoltage Lockout Setpoint – RUV1, RUV2, RHYS
          6. 8.2.3.2.6 Soft Start – CSS
        3. 8.2.3.3 Application Curves
      4. 8.2.4 Design 4: 3.3-V, 150-mA COT Converter With High Efficiency
        1. 8.2.4.1 Design Requirements
        2. 8.2.4.2 Application Curves
      5. 8.2.5 Design 5: 15-V, 150-mA, 600-kHz COT Converter
        1. 8.2.5.1 Design Requirements
        2. 8.2.5.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 8.2.5.2.1 COT Output Ripple Voltage Reduction
        3. 8.2.5.3 Application Curves
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
      1. 10.1.1 Compact PCB Layout for EMI Reduction
      2. 10.1.2 Feedback Resistor Layout
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Device Support
      1. 11.1.1 Third-Party Products Disclaimer
      2. 11.1.2 Development Support
      3. 11.1.3 Custom Design With WEBENCH® Tools
    2. 11.2 Documentation Support
      1. 11.2.1 Related Documentation
    3. 11.3 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    4. 11.4 Support Resources
    5. 11.5 Trademarks
    6. 11.6 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    7. 11.7 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information
Filter Inductor – LF

The inductor ripple current (assuming CCM operation) and peak inductor current are given respectively by Equation 11 and Equation 12.

Equation 11. GUID-F714D406-79E9-4407-8C5A-27E7EB32781C-low.gif
Equation 12. GUID-05C8930D-2FAA-4B21-BB18-DBE6C98F706B-low.gif

For most applications, choose an inductance such that the inductor ripple current, ΔIL, is between 30% and 50% of the rated load current at nominal input voltage. Calculate the inductance using Equation 13.

Equation 13. GUID-A7D16330-2306-4585-B79B-DA6A0EC92068-low.gif

Choosing a 220-µH inductor in this design results in 55-mA peak-to-peak ripple current at nominal input voltage of 12 V, equivalent to 37% of the 150-mA rated load current. The peak inductor current at maximum input voltage of 65 V is 195 mA, sufficiently below the LM5165 peak current limit of 240 mA.

Check the inductor datasheet to ensure that the inductor's saturation current is well above the current limit setting of a particular design. Ferrite designs have low core loss and are preferred at high switching frequencies, so design goals can then concentrate on copper loss and preventing saturation. However, ferrite core materials exhibit a hard saturation characteristic – the inductance collapses abruptly when the saturation current is exceeded. This results in an abrupt increase in inductor ripple current, higher output voltage ripple, not to mention reduced efficiency and compromised reliability. Note that inductor saturation current generally deceases as the core temperature increases.