SLAS510G March   2007  – February 2021 TLV320AIC3104


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Description (Continued)
  6. Device Comparison Table
  7. Pin Configuration and Functions
  8. Specifications
    1. 8.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 8.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 8.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 8.4 Thermal Information
    5. 8.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 8.6 Audio Data Serial Interface Timing Requirements
    7. 8.7 Timing Diagrams
    8. 8.8 Typical Characteristics
  9. Parameter Measurement Information
  10. 10Detailed Description
    1. 10.1 Overview
    2. 10.2 Functional Block Diagrams
    3. 10.3 Feature Description
      1. 10.3.1  Hardware Reset
      2. 10.3.2  Digital Audio Data Serial Interface
        1. Right-Justified Mode
        2. Left-Justified Mode
        3. I2S Mode
        4. DSP Mode
        5. TDM Data Transfer
      3. 10.3.3  Audio Data Converters
        1. Audio Clock Generation
        2. Stereo Audio ADC
          1. Stereo Audio ADC High-Pass Filter
          2. Automatic Gain Control (AGC)
            1. Target Level
            2. Attack Time
            3. Decay Time
            4. Noise Gate Threshold
            5. Maximum PGA Gain Applicable
      4. 10.3.4  Stereo Audio DAC
        1. Digital Audio Processing for Playback
        2. Digital Interpolation Filter
        3. Delta-Sigma Audio DAC
        4. Audio DAC Digital Volume Control
        5. Increasing DAC Dynamic Range
        6. Analog Output Common-Mode Adjustment
        7. Audio DAC Power Control
      5. 10.3.5  Audio Analog Inputs
      6. 10.3.6  Analog Fully Differential Line Output Drivers
      7. 10.3.7  Analog High-Power Output Drivers
      8. 10.3.8  Input Impedance and VCM Control
      9. 10.3.9  MICBIAS Generation
      10. 10.3.10 Short-Circuit Output Protection
      11. 10.3.11 Jack and Headset Detection
    4. 10.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 10.4.1 Bypass Path Mode
        1. ADC PGA Signal Bypass Path Functionality
        2. Passive Analog Bypass During Power Down
      2. 10.4.2 Digital Audio Processing for Record Path
    5. 10.5 Programming
      1. 10.5.1 I2C Control Interface
        1. I2C Bus Debug in a Glitched System
      2. 10.5.2 Register Map Structure
    6. 10.6 Register Maps
      1. 10.6.1 Output Stage Volume Controls
  11. 11Application and Implementation
    1. 11.1 Application Information
    2. 11.2 Typical Applications
      1. 11.2.1 Typical Connections With Headphone and External Speaker Driver in Portable Application
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
        3. Application Curves
      2. 11.2.2 Typical Connections for AC-Coupled Headphone Output With Separate Line Outputs and External Speaker Amplifier
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
        3. Application Curves
  12. 12Power Supply Recommendations
  13. 13Layout
    1. 13.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 13.2 Layout Example
  14. 14Device and Documentation Support
    1. 14.1 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    2. 14.2 Support Resources
    3. 14.3 Trademarks
    4. 14.4 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    5. 14.5 Glossary

Package Options

Refer to the PDF data sheet for device specific package drawings

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
  • RHB|32
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Digital Audio Processing for Playback

The DAC channel consists of optional filters for de-emphasis and bass, treble, midrange level adjustment, speaker equalization, and 3-D effects processing. The de-emphasis function is implemented by a programmable digital filter block with fully programmable coefficients (see page 1, registers 21–26 for the left channel and page 1, registers 47–52 for the right channel). If de-emphasis is not required in a particular application, this programmable filter block can be used for some other purpose. The de-emphasis filter transfer function is given by:

Equation 4. GUID-FADDB00C-2A0A-471A-8E25-02FD39381B18-low.gif

where the N0, N1, and D1 coefficients are fully programmable individually for each channel. The coefficients that should be loaded to implement standard de-emphasis filters are given in Table 10-3.

Table 10-3 De-Emphasis Coefficients for Common Audio Sampling Rates
32 kHz 16,950 –1,220 17,037
44.1 kHz 15,091 –2,877 20,555
48 kHz(1) 14,677 –3,283 21,374
The 48-kHz coefficients listed in Table 10-3 are used as defaults.

In addition to the de-emphasis filter block, the DAC digital effects processing includes a fourth-order digital IIR filter with programmable coefficients (one set per channel). This filter is implemented as cascade of two biquad sections with frequency response given by:

Equation 5. GUID-0756E538-7A2B-4D82-94CF-35807348C29C-low.gif

The N and D coefficients are fully programmable, and the entire filter can be enabled or bypassed. The structure of the filtering when configured for independent channel processing is shown in Figure 10-10, with LB1 corresponding to the first left-channel biquad filter using coefficients N0, N1, N2, D1, and D2. LB2 similarly corresponds to the second left-channel biquad filter using coefficients N3, N4, N5, D4, and D5. The RB1 and RB2 filters refer to the first and second right-channel biquad filters, respectively.

GUID-B9B7B7E7-E2F4-4D7E-8EDF-273533DA3811-low.gifFigure 10-10 Structure of Digital Effects Processing for Independent Channel Processing

The coefficients for this filter implement a variety of sound effects, with bass boost or treble boost being the most commonly used in portable audio applications. The default N and D coefficients in the part are given in Table 10-4 and implement a shelving filter with 0-dB gain from dc to approximately 150 Hz, at which point it rolls off to a 3-dB attenuation for higher frequency signals, thus giving a 3-dB boost to signals below 150 Hz. The N and D coefficients are represented by 16-bit, 2s-complement numbers with values ranging from –32,768 to 32,767.

Table 10-4 Default Digital Effects Processing Filter Coefficients,
When in Independent Channel Processing Configuration
N0 = N3 D1 = D4 N1 = N4 D2 = D5 N2 = N5
27,619 32,131 –27,034 –31,506 26,461

The digital processing also includes capability to implement 3-D processing algorithms by providing means to process the mono mix of the stereo input, and then combine this with the individual channel signals for stereo output playback. The architecture of this processing mode, and the programmable filters available for use in the system, are shown in Figure 10-11. Note that the programmable attenuation block provides a method of adjusting the level of 3-D effect introduced into the final stereo output. This, combined with the fully programmable biquad filters in the system, enables the user to optimize the audio effects for a particular system and provide extensive differentiation from other systems using the same device.

GUID-F2A63FB7-AB35-4462-8D6D-B5178AF3E9E3-low.gifFigure 10-11 Architecture of the Digital Audio Processing When 3-D Effects Are Enabled

It is recommended that the digital effects filters should be disabled while the filter coefficients are being modified. While new coefficients are being written to the device over the control port, it is possible that a filter using partially updated coefficients may actually implement an unstable system and lead to oscillation or objectionable audio output. By disabling the filters, changing the coefficients, and then re-enabling the filters, these types of effects can be entirely avoided.