SBVS311A November 2019 – March 2020 TPS7A54
The TPS7A54 features a programmable, monotonic, voltage-controlled soft start that is set with an external capacitor (CNR/SS). Use an external CNR/SS to minimize inrush current into the output capacitors. This soft-start feature eliminates power-up initialization problems when powering field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), digital signal processors (DSPs), or other processors. The controlled voltage ramp of the output also reduces peak inrush current during start-up, minimizing start-up transients to the input power bus.
To achieve a monotonic start-up, the TPS7A54 error amplifier tracks the voltage ramp of the external soft-start capacitor until the voltage approaches the internal reference. The soft-start ramp time depends on the soft-start charging current (INR/SS), the soft-start capacitance (CNR/SS), and the internal reference (VNR/SS). Use Equation 1 to calculate the soft-start ramp time:
INR/SS is provided in the Electrical Characteristics table and has a typical value of 6.2 µA.
The noise-reduction capacitor, in conjunction with the noise-reduction resistor, forms a low-pass filter (LPF) that filters out the noise from the reference before being gained up with the error amplifier, thereby reducing the device noise floor. The LPF is a single-pole filter and Equation 2 can calculate the cutoff frequency. The typical value of RNR is 250 kΩ. Increasing the CNR/SS capacitor has a greater affect because the output voltage increases when the noise from the reference is gained up even more at higher output voltages. For low-noise applications, a 10-nF to 1-µF CNR/SS is recommended.