SNVSBY7 March   2021 TPS92390

PRODUCTION DATA  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Logic Interface Characteristics
    7. 6.7 Timing Requirements for I2C Interface
    8.    
    9. 6.8 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 Control Interface
      2. 7.3.2 Function Setting
      3. 7.3.3 Device Supply (VDD)
      4. 7.3.4 Enable (EN)
      5. 7.3.5 Charge Pump
      6. 7.3.6 Boost Controller
        1. 7.3.6.1 Boost Cycle-by-Cycle Current Limit
        2. 7.3.6.2 Controller Min On/Off Time
        3. 7.3.6.3 Boost Adaptive Voltage Control
          1. 7.3.6.3.1 FB Divider Using Two-Resistor Method
          2. 7.3.6.3.2 FB Divider Using Three-Resistor Method
          3. 7.3.6.3.3 FB Divider Using External Compensation
        4. 7.3.6.4 Boost Sync and Spread Spectrum
        5. 7.3.6.5 Light Load Mode
      7. 7.3.7 LED Current Sinks
        1. 7.3.7.1 LED Output Current Setting
        2. 7.3.7.2 LED Output String Configuration
        3. 7.3.7.3 LED Output PWM Clock Generation
      8. 7.3.8 Brightness Control
        1. 7.3.8.1 Brightness Control Signal Path
        2. 7.3.8.2 Dimming Mode
        3. 7.3.8.3 LED Dimming Frequency
        4. 7.3.8.4 Phase-Shift PWM Mode
        5. 7.3.8.5 Hybrid Mode
        6. 7.3.8.6 Direct PWM Mode
        7. 7.3.8.7 Sloper
        8. 7.3.8.8 PWM Detector Hysteresis
        9. 7.3.8.9 Dither
      9. 7.3.9 Protection and Fault Detections
        1. 7.3.9.1 Supply Faults
          1. 7.3.9.1.1 VIN Undervoltage Faults (VINUVLO)
          2.       
          3. 7.3.9.1.2 VIN Overvoltage Faults (VINOVP)
          4. 7.3.9.1.3 VDD Undervoltage Faults (VDDUVLO)
          5. 7.3.9.1.4 VIN OCP Faults (VINOCP)
            1. 7.3.9.1.4.1 VIN OCP Current Limit vs. Boost Cycle-by-Cycle Current Limit
          6. 7.3.9.1.5 Charge Pump Faults (CPCAP, CP)
          7. 7.3.9.1.6 CRC Error Faults (CRCERR)
        2. 7.3.9.2 Boost Faults
          1. 7.3.9.2.1 Boost Overvoltage Faults (BSTOVPL, BSTOVPH)
          2. 7.3.9.2.2 Boost Overcurrent Faults (BSTOCP)
          3. 7.3.9.2.3 LEDSET Resistor Missing Faults (LEDSET)
          4. 7.3.9.2.4 MODE Resistor Missing Faults (MODESEL)
          5. 7.3.9.2.5 FSET Resistor Missing Faults (FSET)
          6. 7.3.9.2.6 ISET Resistor Out of Range Faults (ISET)
          7. 7.3.9.2.7 Thermal Shutdown Faults (TSD)
        3. 7.3.9.3 LED Faults
          1. 7.3.9.3.1 Open LED Faults (OPEN_LED)
          2. 7.3.9.3.2 Short LED Faults (SHORT_LED)
          3. 7.3.9.3.3 LED Short to GND Faults (GND_LED)
          4. 7.3.9.3.4 Invalid LED String Faults (INVSTRING)
          5. 7.3.9.3.5 I2C Timeout Faults
        4. 7.3.9.4 Overview of the Fault and Protection Schemes
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1  State Diagram
      2. 7.4.2  Shutdown
      3. 7.4.3  Device Initialization
      4. 7.4.4  Standby Mode
      5. 7.4.5  Power-line FET Soft Start
      6. 7.4.6  Boost Start-Up
      7. 7.4.7  Normal Mode
      8. 7.4.8  Fault Recovery
      9. 7.4.9  Latch Fault
      10. 7.4.10 Start-Up Sequence
    5. 7.5 Programming
      1. 7.5.1 I2C-Compatible Interface
      2. 7.5.2 Programming Examples
        1. 7.5.2.1 General Configuration Registers
        2. 7.5.2.2 Clearing Fault Interrupts
        3. 7.5.2.3 Disabling Fault Interrupts
        4. 7.5.2.4 Diagnostic Registers
    6. 7.6 Register Maps
      1. 7.6.1 FullMap Registers
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Applications
      1. 8.2.1 Full Feature Application for Display Backlight
        1. 8.2.1.1 Design Requirements
        2. 8.2.1.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 8.2.1.2.1  Inductor Selection
          2. 8.2.1.2.2  Output Capacitor Selection
          3. 8.2.1.2.3  Input Capacitor Selection
          4. 8.2.1.2.4  Charge Pump Output Capacitor
          5. 8.2.1.2.5  Charge Pump Flying Capacitor
          6. 8.2.1.2.6  Output Diode
          7. 8.2.1.2.7  Switching FET
          8. 8.2.1.2.8  Boost Sense Resistor
          9. 8.2.1.2.9  Power-Line FET
          10. 8.2.1.2.10 Input Current Sense Resistor
          11. 8.2.1.2.11 Feedback Resistor Divider
          12. 8.2.1.2.12 Critical Components for Design
        3. 8.2.1.3 Application Curves
      2. 8.2.2 Application With Basic/Minimal Operation
        1. 8.2.2.1 Design Requirements
        2. 8.2.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        3. 8.2.2.3 Application Curves
      3. 8.2.3 SEPIC Mode Application
        1. 8.2.3.1 Design Requirements
        2. 8.2.3.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 8.2.3.2.1  Inductor Selection
          2. 8.2.3.2.2  Coupling Capacitor Selection
          3. 8.2.3.2.3  Output Capacitor Selection
          4. 8.2.3.2.4  Input Capacitor Selection
          5. 8.2.3.2.5  Charge Pump Output Capacitor
          6. 8.2.3.2.6  Charge Pump Flying Capacitor
          7. 8.2.3.2.7  Switching FET
          8. 8.2.3.2.8  Output Diode
          9. 8.2.3.2.9  Switching Sense Resistor
          10. 8.2.3.2.10 Power-Line FET
          11. 8.2.3.2.11 Input Current Sense Resistor
          12. 8.2.3.2.12 Feedback Resistor Divider
          13. 8.2.3.2.13 Critical Components for Design
        3. 8.2.3.3 Application Curves
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Device Support
      1. 11.1.1 Third-Party Products Disclaimer
    2. 11.2 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    3. 11.3 Support Resources
    4. 11.4 Trademarks
    5. 11.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 11.6 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Dither

The number of brightness steps when using LED output PWM dimming is equal to the 20-MHz oscillator frequency divided by the LED PWM frequency (set by PWM_FSET resistor). The PWM duty cycle dither is a function the TPS92390 uses to increase the number of brightness dimming steps beyond this oscillator clock limitation. The dither function modulates the LED driver output duty cycle over time to create more possible average brightness levels. The DITHER_SELECT[3:0] register bits control the level of dither, disabled, 1, 2, 3 or 4 bits using the I2C interface. By default the dither is disabled.

When the 1-bit dither is selected, to support higher brightness resolution, the width of every second PWM pulse could be increased by one LSB (one 20-MHz clock period). When the 3-bit dither is selected, within a sequence of 8 PWM periods the number of pulses with increased length varies depending on the dither value: dither value 000 - all 8 pulses at default length; 001 - one of the 8 pulses is longer; 010 - two of the 8 pulses are longer, and so forth, until at 111 - seven of the 8 pulses have increased length. Figure 7-14 shows one example of PWM output dither.

GUID-C6D3F827-1F09-4F67-84B5-997955E70B92-low.gifFigure 7-14 PWM Dither Example

The dither block also helps in low brightness scenario when dimming ratio is limited by LED PWM output frequency and the LED output pulse is less than the minimum pulse width (200 ns). In such scenario, the dither block will skip some of the PWM pulses to reduce the brightness further, enabling high dimming ratio. The end result is that the LED PWM frequency is reduced as more and more minimum pulses are skipped or dithered out. At the same time, dither block will also guarantee that the minimum LED PWM frequency is not less than 152 Hz to ensure no brightness flickering. Figure 7-15 shows how the dither works in low brightness scenario.

GUID-0D404C26-DB29-4B42-AB23-E9EF2AEEC62D-low.gifFigure 7-15 Minimum Brightness Dither Example