SNVSBY7 March   2021 TPS92390

PRODUCTION DATA  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Logic Interface Characteristics
    7. 6.7 Timing Requirements for I2C Interface
    8.    
    9. 6.8 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 Control Interface
      2. 7.3.2 Function Setting
      3. 7.3.3 Device Supply (VDD)
      4. 7.3.4 Enable (EN)
      5. 7.3.5 Charge Pump
      6. 7.3.6 Boost Controller
        1. 7.3.6.1 Boost Cycle-by-Cycle Current Limit
        2. 7.3.6.2 Controller Min On/Off Time
        3. 7.3.6.3 Boost Adaptive Voltage Control
          1. 7.3.6.3.1 FB Divider Using Two-Resistor Method
          2. 7.3.6.3.2 FB Divider Using Three-Resistor Method
          3. 7.3.6.3.3 FB Divider Using External Compensation
        4. 7.3.6.4 Boost Sync and Spread Spectrum
        5. 7.3.6.5 Light Load Mode
      7. 7.3.7 LED Current Sinks
        1. 7.3.7.1 LED Output Current Setting
        2. 7.3.7.2 LED Output String Configuration
        3. 7.3.7.3 LED Output PWM Clock Generation
      8. 7.3.8 Brightness Control
        1. 7.3.8.1 Brightness Control Signal Path
        2. 7.3.8.2 Dimming Mode
        3. 7.3.8.3 LED Dimming Frequency
        4. 7.3.8.4 Phase-Shift PWM Mode
        5. 7.3.8.5 Hybrid Mode
        6. 7.3.8.6 Direct PWM Mode
        7. 7.3.8.7 Sloper
        8. 7.3.8.8 PWM Detector Hysteresis
        9. 7.3.8.9 Dither
      9. 7.3.9 Protection and Fault Detections
        1. 7.3.9.1 Supply Faults
          1. 7.3.9.1.1 VIN Undervoltage Faults (VINUVLO)
          2.       
          3. 7.3.9.1.2 VIN Overvoltage Faults (VINOVP)
          4. 7.3.9.1.3 VDD Undervoltage Faults (VDDUVLO)
          5. 7.3.9.1.4 VIN OCP Faults (VINOCP)
            1. 7.3.9.1.4.1 VIN OCP Current Limit vs. Boost Cycle-by-Cycle Current Limit
          6. 7.3.9.1.5 Charge Pump Faults (CPCAP, CP)
          7. 7.3.9.1.6 CRC Error Faults (CRCERR)
        2. 7.3.9.2 Boost Faults
          1. 7.3.9.2.1 Boost Overvoltage Faults (BSTOVPL, BSTOVPH)
          2. 7.3.9.2.2 Boost Overcurrent Faults (BSTOCP)
          3. 7.3.9.2.3 LEDSET Resistor Missing Faults (LEDSET)
          4. 7.3.9.2.4 MODE Resistor Missing Faults (MODESEL)
          5. 7.3.9.2.5 FSET Resistor Missing Faults (FSET)
          6. 7.3.9.2.6 ISET Resistor Out of Range Faults (ISET)
          7. 7.3.9.2.7 Thermal Shutdown Faults (TSD)
        3. 7.3.9.3 LED Faults
          1. 7.3.9.3.1 Open LED Faults (OPEN_LED)
          2. 7.3.9.3.2 Short LED Faults (SHORT_LED)
          3. 7.3.9.3.3 LED Short to GND Faults (GND_LED)
          4. 7.3.9.3.4 Invalid LED String Faults (INVSTRING)
          5. 7.3.9.3.5 I2C Timeout Faults
        4. 7.3.9.4 Overview of the Fault and Protection Schemes
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1  State Diagram
      2. 7.4.2  Shutdown
      3. 7.4.3  Device Initialization
      4. 7.4.4  Standby Mode
      5. 7.4.5  Power-line FET Soft Start
      6. 7.4.6  Boost Start-Up
      7. 7.4.7  Normal Mode
      8. 7.4.8  Fault Recovery
      9. 7.4.9  Latch Fault
      10. 7.4.10 Start-Up Sequence
    5. 7.5 Programming
      1. 7.5.1 I2C-Compatible Interface
      2. 7.5.2 Programming Examples
        1. 7.5.2.1 General Configuration Registers
        2. 7.5.2.2 Clearing Fault Interrupts
        3. 7.5.2.3 Disabling Fault Interrupts
        4. 7.5.2.4 Diagnostic Registers
    6. 7.6 Register Maps
      1. 7.6.1 FullMap Registers
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Applications
      1. 8.2.1 Full Feature Application for Display Backlight
        1. 8.2.1.1 Design Requirements
        2. 8.2.1.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 8.2.1.2.1  Inductor Selection
          2. 8.2.1.2.2  Output Capacitor Selection
          3. 8.2.1.2.3  Input Capacitor Selection
          4. 8.2.1.2.4  Charge Pump Output Capacitor
          5. 8.2.1.2.5  Charge Pump Flying Capacitor
          6. 8.2.1.2.6  Output Diode
          7. 8.2.1.2.7  Switching FET
          8. 8.2.1.2.8  Boost Sense Resistor
          9. 8.2.1.2.9  Power-Line FET
          10. 8.2.1.2.10 Input Current Sense Resistor
          11. 8.2.1.2.11 Feedback Resistor Divider
          12. 8.2.1.2.12 Critical Components for Design
        3. 8.2.1.3 Application Curves
      2. 8.2.2 Application With Basic/Minimal Operation
        1. 8.2.2.1 Design Requirements
        2. 8.2.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        3. 8.2.2.3 Application Curves
      3. 8.2.3 SEPIC Mode Application
        1. 8.2.3.1 Design Requirements
        2. 8.2.3.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 8.2.3.2.1  Inductor Selection
          2. 8.2.3.2.2  Coupling Capacitor Selection
          3. 8.2.3.2.3  Output Capacitor Selection
          4. 8.2.3.2.4  Input Capacitor Selection
          5. 8.2.3.2.5  Charge Pump Output Capacitor
          6. 8.2.3.2.6  Charge Pump Flying Capacitor
          7. 8.2.3.2.7  Switching FET
          8. 8.2.3.2.8  Output Diode
          9. 8.2.3.2.9  Switching Sense Resistor
          10. 8.2.3.2.10 Power-Line FET
          11. 8.2.3.2.11 Input Current Sense Resistor
          12. 8.2.3.2.12 Feedback Resistor Divider
          13. 8.2.3.2.13 Critical Components for Design
        3. 8.2.3.3 Application Curves
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Device Support
      1. 11.1.1 Third-Party Products Disclaimer
    2. 11.2 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    3. 11.3 Support Resources
    4. 11.4 Trademarks
    5. 11.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 11.6 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Boost Adaptive Voltage Control

The TPS92390 boost DC/DC converter generates the anode voltage for the LEDs. During normal operation, boost output voltage is adjusted automatically based on the LED current sink headroom voltages. This is called adaptive boost control. The number of used LED outputs is set by LED_SET pin and only the active LED outputs are monitored to control the adaptive boost voltage. Any LED strings with open or short faults are also removed from the adaptive voltage control loop. The LED driver pin voltages are periodically monitored by the control loop and the boost voltage is raised if any of the LED outputs falls below the VHEADROOM threshold. The boost voltage is lowered until any of the LED outputs touch the VHEADROOM threshold. See Figure 7-4 for how the boost voltage automatically scales based on the OUTx-pin voltage, VHEADROOM and VHEADROOM_HYS.

GUID-018F64B4-2B20-4EEC-A23B-4679C6B521C9-low.gifFigure 7-4 Adaptive Boost Voltage Control Loop Function

The resistive divider (R1, R2) defines both the minimum and maximum adaptive boost voltage levels. The feedback circuit operates the same in boost and SEPIC topologies. Choose maximum boost voltage based on the maximum LED string voltage specification. Before the LED drivers are active, the boost starts up to the initial boost level. The initial boost voltage is approximately in the 88% point of minimum to maximum boost voltage. Once the LED driver channels are active, the boost output voltage is adjusted automatically based on OUTx pin voltages. The FB pin resistor divider also scales the boost OVP, OCP levels and the LED short level in HUD application.