JAJSBA0Q January   2000  – December 2017 LP2950-N , LP2951-N


  1. 特長
  2. アプリケーション
    1.     LP2951の概略回路図
  3. 概要
    1.     LP2950-Nの概略回路図
  4. 改訂履歴
  5. Voltage Options
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions: LP2950-N
    2.     Pin Functions: LP2951-N
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4 Thermal Information: LP2950-N
    5. 7.5 Thermal Information: LP2951-N
    6. 7.6 Electrical Characteristics
    7. 7.7 Typical Characteristics
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagrams
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1 Fixed Voltage Options and Programmable Voltage Version
      2. 8.3.2 High Accuracy Output Voltage
      3. 8.3.3 Low Dropout Voltage
      4. 8.3.4 Shutdown Mode
      5. 8.3.5 Error Detection Comparator Output
      6. 8.3.6 Internal Protection Circuitry
        1. Short-Circuit Protection (Current Limit)
        2. Thermal Protection
      7. 8.3.7 Enhanced Stability
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 Operation with 30 V ≥ VIN > VOUT(TARGET) + 1 V
      2. 8.4.2 Operation with Shutdown Control
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
    2. 9.2 Typical Applications
      1. 9.2.1  1-A Regulator with 1.2-V Dropout
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
          1. Output Capacitor Requirements
          2. Input Capacitor Requirements
          3. Error Detection Comparator Output
          4. Programming the Output Voltage (LP2951-N)
          5. Reducing Output Noise
        3. Application Curves
      2. 9.2.2  300-mA Regulator with 0.75-V Dropout
      3. 9.2.3  Wide Input Voltage Range Current Limiter
      4. 9.2.4  Low Drift Current Source
      5. 9.2.5  5-V Current Limiter
      6. 9.2.6  Regulator with Early Warning and Auxiliary Output
      7. 9.2.7  Latch Off When Error Flag Occurs
      8. 9.2.8  2-A Low Dropout Regulator
      9. 9.2.9  5-V Regulator with 2.5-V Sleep Function
      10. 9.2.10 Open Circuit Detector for 4 → 20-mA Current Loop
      11. 9.2.11 Regulator with State-of-Charge Indicator
      12. 9.2.12 Low Battery Disconnect
      13. 9.2.13 System Overtemperature Protection Circuit
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
    3. 11.3 WSON Mounting
  12. 12デバイスおよびドキュメントのサポート
    1. 12.1 ドキュメントのサポート
      1. 12.1.1 関連資料
    2. 12.2 関連リンク
    3. 12.3 コミュニティ・リソース
    4. 12.4 商標
    5. 12.5 静電気放電に関する注意事項
    6. 12.6 Glossary
  13. 13メカニカル、パッケージ、および注文情報



Output Capacitor Requirements

A 1-µF (or greater) capacitor is required between the output and ground for stability at output voltages of 5 V or higher. At lower output voltages, more capacitance is required (2.2 µF or more is recommended for 3-V and
3.3-V versions). Without this capacitor the device oscillates. Most types of tantalum or aluminum electrolytic work fine here; even film types work but are not recommended for reasons of cost. Many aluminum electrolytics have electrolytes that freeze at about −30°C, so solid tantalums are recommended for operation below −25°C. The important parameters of the capacitor are an ESR of about 5 Ω or less and a resonant frequency above 500 kHz. The value of this capacitor may be increased without limit.

LP2950-N LP2951-N 854663.pngFigure 37. Output Capacitor ESR Range

The reason for the lower ESR limit is that the loop compensation of the feedback loop relies on the capacitance value and the ESR value of the output capacitor to provide the zero that gives added phase lead (See Figure 37).

Equation 1. fZ = (1 / (2 × π × COUT × ESR))

Using the 2.2 µF value from the Output Capacitor ESR Range curve (Figure 37), a useful range for fZ can be estimated:

Equation 2. fZ(MIN)= (1 / (2 x π × 2.2 µF x 5 Ω)) = 14.5 kHz
Equation 3. fZ(MAX)= (1 / (2 x π × 2.2 µF x 0.05 Ω)) = 318 kHz

For ceramic capacitors, the low ESR produces a zero at a frequency that is too high to be useful, so meaningful phase lead does not occur. A ceramic output capacitor can be used if a series resistance is added (recommended value of resistance about 0.1 Ω to 2 Ω) to simulate the needed ESR. Only X5R, X7R, or better, MLCC types should be used, and should have a DC voltage rating at least twice the VOUT(NOM) value.

At lower values of output current, less output capacitance is required for stability. The capacitor can be reduced to 0.33 µF for currents below 10 mA or 0.1 µF for currents below 1 mA. Using the adjustable versions at voltages below 5 V runs the error amplifier at lower gains so that more output capacitance is needed. For the worst-case situation of a 100-mA load at 1.23 V output (output shorted to Feedback) a 3.3-µF (or greater) capacitor should be used.

Unlike many other regulators, the LP2950-N remains stable and in regulation with no load in addition to the internal voltage divider. This is especially important in CMOS RAM keep-alive applications. When setting the output voltage of the LP2951-N versions with external resistors, a minimum load of 1 µA is recommended.

Applications having conditions that may drive the LP2950-N/51 into nonlinear operation require special consideration. Nonlinear operation occurs when the output voltage is held low enough to force the output stage into output current limiting while trying to pull the output voltage up to the regulated value. The internal loop response time controls how long it takes for the device to regain linear operation when the output has returned to the normal operating range. There are three significant nonlinear conditions that need to be considered, all can force the output stage into output current limiting mode, all can cause the output voltage to over-shoot with low value output capacitors when the condition is removed, and the recommended generic solution is to set the output capacitor to a value not less than 10 µF. Although the 10 µF value for COUT may not eliminate the output voltage over-shoot in all cases, it should lower it to acceptable levels (< 10% of VOUT(NOM)) in the majority of cases. In all three of these conditions, applications with lighter load currents are more susceptible to output voltage over-shoot than applications with higher load currents.

  1. At power-up, with the input voltage rising faster than output stage can charge the output capacitor.
  2. Equation 4. VIN tRISE(MIN)> ((COUT / 100 mA) × ΔVIN)


    • ΔVIN = VOUT(NOM) + 1 V
  3. Recovery from an output short circuit to ground condition.
  4. Equation 5. COUT(MIN) ≈ (160 mA – ILOAD(NOM))/((VOUT(NOM)/10)/25 µs))
  5. Toggling the LP2951-N SHUTDOWN pin from high (OFF) to low (ON).
  6. Equation 6. COUT(MIN) ≈ (160 mA – ILOAD(NOM))/((VOUT(NOM)/10)/25 µs))
LP2950-N LP2951-N 854647.pngFigure 38. LP2951-N Enable Transient