JAJSH18A March 2019 – September 2019 TPS7A78
The TPS7A78 features an internally controlled, active bridge rectifier that can be configured either as full bridge (FB) or a half bridge (HB), a 4:1 switched-capacitor stage (charge pump), an internally controlled low-dropout (LDO) linear-voltage regulator, as well as current-limit, thermal-shutdown, programmable power-fail detection, and power-good detection.
The TPS7A78 is a non-isolated, smart linear-voltage regulator that uses an external high-voltage, capacitor-drop (cap-drop) capacitor (CS) and an internally controlled, active bridge-rectifier to create a regulated DC output voltage. The device incorporates a switched-capacitor charge pump stage that transforms the voltage and current characteristics of the rectifier stage to the voltage and current needs of the LDO stage, providing a 4-times reduction in input power for a given load power. This feature also reduces the size of the required CS by a factor of 4. The external surge resistor RS is used to limit the inrush-current to the device. Unlike typical AC-to-DC power solutions, the TPS7A78 does not require external magnetic components, thus making the device an excellent choice for electricity-metering applications by improving tamper resistance. This unique design allows the TPS7A78 to reduce standby power to approximately 15 mW for light-load applications while maintaining high efficiency.
For applications with output voltages of 3.6 V or less, the TPS7A78 can be powered from a DC supply connected directly to the SCIN pin. This supply mode can provide DC-only operation or DC-powered backup in case of AC supply failure. When a DC supply is used to power the device, the internally controlled dropout voltage regulation is affected as explained in the Dropout Voltage Regulation section. The AC+ and AC– pins must be grounded when only a DC power source is used.