Product details

Number of series cells 1, 2, 3, 4 Charge current (Max) (A) 5 Operating Vin (Max) (V) 24 Cell chemistry Li-Ion/Li-Polymer, Lithium Phosphate/LiFePO4 Battery charge voltage (Min) (V) 3 Battery charge voltage (Max) (V) 18.8 Absolute Vin (safety rating) (Max) ((V)) 30 Control interface I2C Features BAT temp thermistor monitoring (JEITA profile), IC thermal regulation, ICO (Input Current Optimization), IINDPM (Input current limit), Input OVP, Integrated ADC, Power Path, USB C/PD compatible, USB D+/D-/BC1.2 integrated, USB OTG integrated, VINDPM (Input voltage threshold to maximize adaptor power) Operating Vin (Min) (V) 3.6 Rating Catalog
Number of series cells 1, 2, 3, 4 Charge current (Max) (A) 5 Operating Vin (Max) (V) 24 Cell chemistry Li-Ion/Li-Polymer, Lithium Phosphate/LiFePO4 Battery charge voltage (Min) (V) 3 Battery charge voltage (Max) (V) 18.8 Absolute Vin (safety rating) (Max) ((V)) 30 Control interface I2C Features BAT temp thermistor monitoring (JEITA profile), IC thermal regulation, ICO (Input Current Optimization), IINDPM (Input current limit), Input OVP, Integrated ADC, Power Path, USB C/PD compatible, USB D+/D-/BC1.2 integrated, USB OTG integrated, VINDPM (Input voltage threshold to maximize adaptor power) Operating Vin (Min) (V) 3.6 Rating Catalog
DSBGA (YBG) 56 10 mm² 2.897 x 3.317
  • High efficient synchronous Switch Mode buck-boost charger for 1-4 cell battery
    • 750-kHz and 1.5-MHz Programmable switching frequencies
    • Efficiency optimized for charging 2s battery, 96.5% efficiency with 9-V input and 94.5% efficiency with 15-V input at 3-A ICHG
    • Charging current up to 5 A with 10-mA resolution
  • Support wide range of input sources
    • 3.6-V to 24-V Wide input operating voltage range with 30-V absolute maximum rating
    • Maximum power tracking with VINDPM up to 22 V and IINDPM up to 3.3 A
    • Detect USB BC1.2, SDP, CDP, DCP, HVDCP and non-standard adapters
  • Dual-input power mux controller for source selection
  • High level integration
    • Four switching MOSFETs and BATFET
    • Input current and charging current sensing
  • Narrow-VDC (NVDC) Power Path management
  • Power USB port from battery (USB OTG)
    • 2.8-V to 22-V OTG output voltage with 10-mV resolution to support USB-PD PPS
    • OTG Output current regulation up to 3.32 A with 40-mA resolution
  • Flexible autonomous and I2C mode for optimal system performance
  • Integrated 16-bit ADC for voltage, current and temperature monitor
  • Low battery quiescent current
    • Typical 21-µA at battery only operation
    • Typical 600 nA in Charger Shutdown Mode
  • High accuracy
    • ±0.5% Charge voltage regulation for 2s battery
    • ±5% Charge current regulation
    • ±5% Input current regulation
  • Safety
    • Thermal regulation and thermal shutdown
    • Input/battery OVP and OCP
    • Converter MOSFETs OCP
    • Charging safety timer
  • Package
    • 56-Pin 2.9mm × 3.3mm WCSP
  • High efficient synchronous Switch Mode buck-boost charger for 1-4 cell battery
    • 750-kHz and 1.5-MHz Programmable switching frequencies
    • Efficiency optimized for charging 2s battery, 96.5% efficiency with 9-V input and 94.5% efficiency with 15-V input at 3-A ICHG
    • Charging current up to 5 A with 10-mA resolution
  • Support wide range of input sources
    • 3.6-V to 24-V Wide input operating voltage range with 30-V absolute maximum rating
    • Maximum power tracking with VINDPM up to 22 V and IINDPM up to 3.3 A
    • Detect USB BC1.2, SDP, CDP, DCP, HVDCP and non-standard adapters
  • Dual-input power mux controller for source selection
  • High level integration
    • Four switching MOSFETs and BATFET
    • Input current and charging current sensing
  • Narrow-VDC (NVDC) Power Path management
  • Power USB port from battery (USB OTG)
    • 2.8-V to 22-V OTG output voltage with 10-mV resolution to support USB-PD PPS
    • OTG Output current regulation up to 3.32 A with 40-mA resolution
  • Flexible autonomous and I2C mode for optimal system performance
  • Integrated 16-bit ADC for voltage, current and temperature monitor
  • Low battery quiescent current
    • Typical 21-µA at battery only operation
    • Typical 600 nA in Charger Shutdown Mode
  • High accuracy
    • ±0.5% Charge voltage regulation for 2s battery
    • ±5% Charge current regulation
    • ±5% Input current regulation
  • Safety
    • Thermal regulation and thermal shutdown
    • Input/battery OVP and OCP
    • Converter MOSFETs OCP
    • Charging safety timer
  • Package
    • 56-Pin 2.9mm × 3.3mm WCSP

The BQ25790 is a fully integrated switch-mode buck-boost charger for 1-4 cell Li-ion battery and Li-polymer battery. The integration includes 4 switching MOSFETs (Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4), input and charging current sensing circuits, the battery FET (QBAT) and all the loop compensation of the buck-boost converter. It provides high power density and design flexibility to charge batteries across the full input voltage range for USB Type-C™ and USB power delivery (USB-PD) applications such as smart phone, tablet and other portable devices.

The charger supports the narrow VDC power path management, in which the system is regulated at a voltage slightly higher than the battery voltage, but not drop below the minimum system voltage. The system keeps operating even when the battery is completely discharged or removed. When load power exceeds input source rating, the battery gets into supplement mode and prevents the input source from being overloaded and the system from crashing.

The device charges a battery from a wide range of the input sources including legacy USB adapter to high voltage USB PD adapter and traditional barrel adapter. The charger automatically sets converter to be buck, boost or buck-boost configurations based on input voltage and battery voltage without the host control. The dual input source selector manages the power flowing from two different input sources. The inputs selection is controlled by the host through I2C with default source #1 (VAC1) as the primary input and the source #2 (VAC2) as the secondary input.

To support fast charging using adjustable high voltage adapter, the device provides D+/D- handshake. The device is compliant with USB 2.0 and USB 3.0 power delivery specification with input current and voltage regulation. In addition, the Input Current Optimizer (ICO) allows the detection of maximum power point of an unknown input source.

Besides the I2C host controlled charging mode, this charger also supports autonomous charging mode. After power up, the charging is enabled with default register settings. The device can complete a charging cycle without any software engagements. It detects battery voltage and charges the battery in different phases: trickle charging, pre-charging, constant current (CC) charging and constant voltage (CV) charging. At the end of the charging cycle, the charger automatically terminates when the charge current is below a pre-set limit (termination current) in the constant voltage phase. When the full battery falls below the recharge threshold, the charger will automatically start another charging cycle.

In the absence of input sources, this device supports USB On-the-Go (OTG) function, discharging battery to generate an adjustable 2.8V~22V voltage on VBUS with 10mV step size, which is compliant to the USB PD 3.0 specification defined programmable power supply (PPS) feature.

The charger provides various safety features for battery charging and system operations, including battery temperature negative thermistor monitoring, trickle charge, pre-charge and fast charge timers and over-voltage/over-current protections on battery and input. The thermal regulation reduces charge current when the junction temperature exceeds a programmable threshold. The STAT output of the device reports the charging status and any fault conditions. The PG output indicates if a good power source is present. The INT pin immediately notifies host when fault occurs.

The device also provides a 16-bit analog-to-digital converter (ADC) for monitoring charge current and input/battery/system (VAC, VBUS, BAT, SYS, TS) voltages.

It is available in a 56-pin 2.9mm × 3.3mm WCSP package.

The BQ25790 is a fully integrated switch-mode buck-boost charger for 1-4 cell Li-ion battery and Li-polymer battery. The integration includes 4 switching MOSFETs (Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4), input and charging current sensing circuits, the battery FET (QBAT) and all the loop compensation of the buck-boost converter. It provides high power density and design flexibility to charge batteries across the full input voltage range for USB Type-C™ and USB power delivery (USB-PD) applications such as smart phone, tablet and other portable devices.

The charger supports the narrow VDC power path management, in which the system is regulated at a voltage slightly higher than the battery voltage, but not drop below the minimum system voltage. The system keeps operating even when the battery is completely discharged or removed. When load power exceeds input source rating, the battery gets into supplement mode and prevents the input source from being overloaded and the system from crashing.

The device charges a battery from a wide range of the input sources including legacy USB adapter to high voltage USB PD adapter and traditional barrel adapter. The charger automatically sets converter to be buck, boost or buck-boost configurations based on input voltage and battery voltage without the host control. The dual input source selector manages the power flowing from two different input sources. The inputs selection is controlled by the host through I2C with default source #1 (VAC1) as the primary input and the source #2 (VAC2) as the secondary input.

To support fast charging using adjustable high voltage adapter, the device provides D+/D- handshake. The device is compliant with USB 2.0 and USB 3.0 power delivery specification with input current and voltage regulation. In addition, the Input Current Optimizer (ICO) allows the detection of maximum power point of an unknown input source.

Besides the I2C host controlled charging mode, this charger also supports autonomous charging mode. After power up, the charging is enabled with default register settings. The device can complete a charging cycle without any software engagements. It detects battery voltage and charges the battery in different phases: trickle charging, pre-charging, constant current (CC) charging and constant voltage (CV) charging. At the end of the charging cycle, the charger automatically terminates when the charge current is below a pre-set limit (termination current) in the constant voltage phase. When the full battery falls below the recharge threshold, the charger will automatically start another charging cycle.

In the absence of input sources, this device supports USB On-the-Go (OTG) function, discharging battery to generate an adjustable 2.8V~22V voltage on VBUS with 10mV step size, which is compliant to the USB PD 3.0 specification defined programmable power supply (PPS) feature.

The charger provides various safety features for battery charging and system operations, including battery temperature negative thermistor monitoring, trickle charge, pre-charge and fast charge timers and over-voltage/over-current protections on battery and input. The thermal regulation reduces charge current when the junction temperature exceeds a programmable threshold. The STAT output of the device reports the charging status and any fault conditions. The PG output indicates if a good power source is present. The INT pin immediately notifies host when fault occurs.

The device also provides a 16-bit analog-to-digital converter (ADC) for monitoring charge current and input/battery/system (VAC, VBUS, BAT, SYS, TS) voltages.

It is available in a 56-pin 2.9mm × 3.3mm WCSP package.

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Technical documentation

Design & development

For additional terms or required resources, click any title below to view the detail page where available.

Evaluation board

BQ25790EVM — I2C 5-A, 1-4 cell buck-boost charger with dual-input and USB PD 3.0 OTG output evaluation module

The BQ25790EVM evaluation module (EVM) is a fully assembled and tested circuit for evaluating the BQ25790 device. The BQ25790 is an integrated switched-mode buck-boost battery charge management device intended for 1-series to 4-series cell li-ion and li-polymer batteries. The charger features a (...)
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Application software & framework

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Supported products & hardware

Supported products & hardware

Products
Battery monitors & balancers
BQ76942 3-series to 10-series multicell battery monitor and protector BQ76952 3-s to 16-s high-accuracy battery monitor and protector for Li-ion, Li-polymer and LiFePO4
Battery charger ICs
BQ24800 SMBus 1-4 cell Buck battery charge controller to support hybrid power boost and battery boost mode BQ25720 SMBus 1- to 4-cell NVDC buck-boost battery charge controller with power path and USB-C® PD OTG BQ25723 I²C 1-4 cell NVDC buck-boost battery charge controller with power path and USB-C® PD OTG BQ25731 I2C 1-5 cell NVDC buck-boost battery charge controller with USB type-C PD support BQ25790 Integrated, NVDC, 5-A 1-cell to 4-cell switch-mode buck-boost battery charger BQ25792 I2C controlled, 5-A, 1-4 cell buck-boost charger with dual-input selector and USB PD 3.0 OTG output
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BQ27220 Single cell pack/system-side CEDV battery fuel (gas) gauge w/pre-programmed chemistry profiles BQ27320 Single cell pack/System-side CEDV battery fuel (gas) gauge BQ27425-G1 System-side Impedance Track™; fuel gauge with direct battery connection | gas gauge battery BQ27425-G2A System-side Impedance Track™; fuel gauge for LiCoO2 battery BQ27425-G2B System-side Impedance Track™; fuel gauge LiMn2O4 battery BQ27510-G3 System-side Impedance-Track fuel gauge that provides 32 bytes of user-programmable data Flash memory BQ27520-G4 System side Impedance Track™ fuel gauge with integrated LDO. BQ27530-G1 System-side Impedance-Track fuel (gas) gauge with direct battery connection BQ27531-G1 Battery management unit Impedance Track™ fuel (gas) gauge for bq2419x charger controller BQ27532-G1 Battery management unit Impedance Track™ fuel gauge for bq2425x charger BQ27541-G1 Pack-side Impedance Track™ battery fuel gauge with integrated LDO BQ27541-V200 Single cell Li-ion battery fuel gauge for battery pack Integration; FW upgrade to BQ27541 BQ27542-G1 Single cell Impedance Track™ pack side fuel gauge with SON package BQ27545-G1 Single cell, pack side, Impedance Track™ fuel gauge BQ27546-G1 Single cell Impedance Track™ pack side fuel gauge with DSBGA package BQ27621-G1 System-side fuel gauge with Dynamic Voltage Correlation, battery gas gauge BQ27741-G1 Pack-side Impedance Track™(tm) fuel (gas) gauge with integrated protector BQ27742-G1 Single cell Li-ion battery fuel gauge with integrated protection | battery gas gauge BQ27Z561 Impedance Track™ integrated circuit gas gauge solution for 1-series BQ28Z610 Battery fuel gauge with integrated protector for 1-2 series packs BQ34110 Multi-chemistry high-cell Count battery fuel gauge with integrated rarely discharged module BQ34210-Q1 Automotive Qualified Single cell system-side CEDV fuel gauge BQ34Z100-G1 Multi-chemistry Impedance Track™ standalone fuel gauge | battery gas gauge BQ35100 Battery fuel gauge for non-rechargeable batteries (lithium primary) and end-of-service monitor BQ4050 1-4 series CEDV battery fuel (gas) gauge BQ40Z50 1-4 series Li-ion battery pack manager | battery fuel (gas) gauge BQ40Z50-R1 1-4 series Li-ion battery pack manager supporting Turbo Mode 1.0 BQ40Z50-R2 1-4 series Li-ion battery pack manager supporting Turbo Mode 2.0 BQ40Z60 Complete multi-cell battery manager | battery fuel (gas) gauge BQ40Z80 2-s to 6-s battery pack manager with Impedance Track™ gas gauging BQ78350 Companion CEDV Fuel Gauge Battery Management Controller for bq76940 Monitor Family BQ78350-R1 CEDV li-ion gas gauge and battery management controller BQ78Z100 Impedance Track™ battery fuel (gas) gauge for 1-series to 2-series
Software
Download options
Application software & framework

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Supported products & hardware

Supported products & hardware

Products
Battery monitors & balancers
BQ769142 3-s to 14-s high-accuracy battery monitor and protector for Li-ion, Li-polymer and LiFePO4 battery BQ76942 3-series to 10-series multicell battery monitor and protector BQ76952 3-s to 16-s high-accuracy battery monitor and protector for Li-ion, Li-polymer and LiFePO4
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BQ27220 Single cell pack/system-side CEDV battery fuel (gas) gauge w/pre-programmed chemistry profiles BQ27320 Single cell pack/System-side CEDV battery fuel (gas) gauge BQ27425-G1 System-side Impedance Track™; fuel gauge with direct battery connection | gas gauge battery BQ27425-G2A System-side Impedance Track™; fuel gauge for LiCoO2 battery BQ27425-G2B System-side Impedance Track™; fuel gauge LiMn2O4 battery BQ27510-G3 System-side Impedance-Track fuel gauge that provides 32 bytes of user-programmable data Flash memory BQ27520-G4 System side Impedance Track™ fuel gauge with integrated LDO. BQ27530-G1 System-side Impedance-Track fuel (gas) gauge with direct battery connection BQ27531-G1 Battery management unit Impedance Track™ fuel (gas) gauge for bq2419x charger controller BQ27532-G1 Battery management unit Impedance Track™ fuel gauge for bq2425x charger BQ27541-G1 Pack-side Impedance Track™ battery fuel gauge with integrated LDO BQ27541-V200 Single cell Li-ion battery fuel gauge for battery pack Integration; FW upgrade to BQ27541 BQ27542-G1 Single cell Impedance Track™ pack side fuel gauge with SON package BQ27545-G1 Single cell, pack side, Impedance Track™ fuel gauge BQ27546-G1 Single cell Impedance Track™ pack side fuel gauge with DSBGA package BQ27621-G1 System-side fuel gauge with Dynamic Voltage Correlation, battery gas gauge BQ27741-G1 Pack-side Impedance Track™(tm) fuel (gas) gauge with integrated protector BQ27742-G1 Single cell Li-ion battery fuel gauge with integrated protection | battery gas gauge BQ27Z561 Impedance Track™ integrated circuit gas gauge solution for 1-series BQ27Z746 Pack-side, single-cell Impedance Track™ technology fuel gauge with integrated protector BQ28Z610 Battery fuel gauge with integrated protector for 1-2 series packs BQ34110 Multi-chemistry high-cell Count battery fuel gauge with integrated rarely discharged module BQ34210-Q1 Automotive Qualified Single cell system-side CEDV fuel gauge BQ34Z100-G1 Multi-chemistry Impedance Track™ standalone fuel gauge | battery gas gauge BQ35100 Battery fuel gauge for non-rechargeable batteries (lithium primary) and end-of-service monitor BQ4050 1-4 series CEDV battery fuel (gas) gauge BQ40Z50 1-4 series Li-ion battery pack manager | battery fuel (gas) gauge BQ40Z50-R1 1-4 series Li-ion battery pack manager supporting Turbo Mode 1.0 BQ40Z50-R2 1-4 series Li-ion battery pack manager supporting Turbo Mode 2.0 BQ40Z60 Complete multi-cell battery manager | battery fuel (gas) gauge BQ40Z80 2-s to 6-s battery pack manager with Impedance Track™ gas gauging BQ78350 Companion CEDV Fuel Gauge Battery Management Controller for bq76940 Monitor Family BQ78350-R1 CEDV li-ion gas gauge and battery management controller BQ78Z100 Impedance Track™ battery fuel (gas) gauge for 1-series to 2-series
Hardware development
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Software
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Application software & framework

TI-CHARGER-GUI — GUI software for use with USB2ANY & battery charging evaluation modules

The TI-CHARGER-GUI offers a web-based or standalone graphical user interface to assist in the process of evaluating, designing with, configuring or testing battery charger products. The software provides full access to registers and an easy interface to send and sequence commands.
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DSBGA (YBG) 56 View options

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