TIDA-010042

MPPT charge controller reference design for 12-V, 24-V and 48-V solar panels

TIDA-010042

Design files

Overview

This reference design is a Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) solar charge controller for 12-V and 24-V solar panels. This compact reference design targets small and medium power solar charger solutions and is capable of operating with 15- to 60-V solar panel modules, 12- or 24-V batteries and providing upwards of 20 A output current. The design uses a two-phase interleaved buck converter to step down the panel voltage to the battery voltage. The buck converter and its connected gate drivers are controlled by a microcontroller unit (MCU), which calculates the maximum power point using the perturb and observe method. The solar MPPT charge controller is created with real-world considerations, including reverse battery protection, software programmable alarms and indications, and surge and ESD protection.

Features
  • 96% efficiency in 12-V systems and 97% efficiency in 24-V systems
  • Wide input voltage range: 15 V to 60 V
  • High rated output current: 20A
  • Battery reverse polarity, over-charge and over-discharge protections
  • System over-temperature and ambient light detection capabilities
  • Small board form factor: 130 mm x 82 mm x 38 mm

Design files & products

Design files

Download ready-to-use system files to speed your design process.

TIDUEJ8A.PDF (5260 K)

Reference design overview and verified performance test data

TIDRYU8.PDF (601 K)

Detailed schematic diagram for design layout and components

TIDRYU9.PDF (93 K)

Complete listing of design components, reference designators, and manufacturers/part numbers

TIDRYV0.PDF (321 K)

Detailed overview of design layout for component placement

TIDRYV2.ZIP (2093 K)

Files used for 3D models or 2D drawings of IC components

TIDCF96.ZIP (322 K)

Design file that contains information on physical board layer of design PCB

TIDRYV1.PDF (1700 K)

PCB layer plot file used for generating PCB design layout

Products

Includes TI products in the design and potential alternatives.

Ambient light sensors

OPT3001Digital ambient light sensor (ALS) with high-precision human-eye response

Data sheet document-pdfAcrobat PDF open-in-new HTML
Buck converters (integrated switch)

LM50099.5-95V Wide Vin, 150mA Constant On-Time Non-Synchronous Buck Regulator

Data sheet document-pdfAcrobat PDF open-in-new HTML
Current sense amplifiers analog output

INA240-4 to 80V, bidirectional, ultra-precise current sense amplifier with enhanced PWM rejection

Data sheet document-pdfAcrobat PDF open-in-new HTML
ESD & surge protection ICs

TPD2E007Dual 15-pF, ±13-V, ±8-kV ESD protection diode for AC Signal Data Interfaces

Data sheet document-pdfAcrobat PDF open-in-new HTML
ESD & surge protection ICs

TVS330033V flat-Clamp surge protection device

Data sheet document-pdfAcrobat PDF open-in-new HTML
Half-bridge drivers

LM5109100V / 1A peak half bridge gate driver

Data sheet document-pdfAcrobat PDF
Linear & low-dropout (LDO) regulators

TLV704150-mA, 24-V, ultra-low-IQ, low-dropout voltage regulator

Data sheet document-pdfAcrobat PDF open-in-new HTML
Low-side drivers

UCC275174-A/4-A single-channel gate driver with 5-V UVLO and 13-ns prop delay in SOT-23 package

Data sheet document-pdfAcrobat PDF open-in-new HTML
MSP430 microcontrollers

MSP430F513225 MHz MCU with 8KB Flash, 1KB SRAM, 10-bit ADC, comparator, DMA, 16-bit High Resolution timer

Data sheet document-pdfAcrobat PDF open-in-new HTML
N-channel MOSFETs

CSD18540Q5B60-V, N channel NexFET™ power MOSFET, single SON 5 mm x 6 mm, 2.2 mOhm

Data sheet document-pdfAcrobat PDF open-in-new HTML
N-channel MOSFETs

CSD19531Q5A100-V, N channel NexFET™ power MOSFET, single SON 5 mm x 6 mm, 6.4 mOhm

Data sheet document-pdfAcrobat PDF open-in-new HTML
Temperature switches

TMP303Factory Programmed Temperature Window Comparator

Data sheet document-pdfAcrobat PDF open-in-new HTML

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Software

Support software

TIDA-010042 Software (Rev. A) – TIDCFD5A.ZIP (300 K)

Technical documentation

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* Design guide MPPT Charge Controller Reference Design for 12-V, 24-V and 48-V Solar Panels (Rev. A) Jan. 15, 2020

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