The output capacitors COUT0, COUT1, COUT2, and COUT3 are shown in Typical Application. A ceramic local output capacitor of 22 μF is required per phase. Use ceramic capacitors, X7R or X7T types; do not use Y5V or F. DC bias voltage characteristics of ceramic capacitors must be considered. The output filter capacitor smooths out current flow from the inductor to the load, helps maintain a steady output voltage during transient load changes and reduces output voltage ripple. These capacitors must be selected with sufficient capacitance and sufficiently low ESR and ESL to perform these functions. Minimum effective output capacitance to ensure good performance is 10 μF per phase including the DC voltage roll-off, tolerances, aging and temperature effects.
The output voltage ripple is caused by the charging and discharging of the output capacitor and also due to its RESR. The RESR is frequency dependent (as well as temperature dependent); make sure the value used for selection process is at the switching frequency of the part. See Table 55.
POL capacitors (CPOL0, CPOL1, CPOL2, CPOL3) can be used to improve load transient performance and to decrease the ripple voltage. A higher output capacitance improves the load step behavior and reduces the output voltage ripple as well as decreases the PFM switching frequency. However, output capacitance higher than 100 µF per phase is not necessarily of any benefit. Note that the output capacitor may be the limiting factor in the output voltage ramp and the maximum total output capacitance listed in electrical characteristics must not be exceeded. At shutdown the output voltage is discharged to 0.6 V level using forced-PWM operation. This can increase the input voltage if the load current is small and the output capacitor is large. Below 0.6 V level the output capacitor is discharged by the internal discharge resistor and with large capacitor more time is required to settle VOUT down as a consequence of the increased time constant.
|MANUFACTURER||PART NUMBER||VALUE||CASE SIZE||DIMENSIONS L × W × H (mm)||VOLTAGE RATING (V)|
|Murata||GCM31CR71A226KE02||22 µF (10%)||1206||3.2 × 1.6 × 1.6||10|