SLVSFL2A May   2021  – August 2021 TPS7H4002-SP

PRODUCTION DATA  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1  VIN and Power VIN Pins (VIN and PVIN)
      2. 7.3.2  Voltage Reference
      3. 7.3.3  Adjusting the Output Voltage
      4. 7.3.4  Safe Start-Up Into Prebiased Outputs
      5. 7.3.5  Error Amplifier
      6. 7.3.6  Slope Compensation
      7. 7.3.7  Enable and Adjust UVLO
      8. 7.3.8  Adjustable Switching Frequency and Synchronization (SYNC)
      9. 7.3.9  Slow Start (SS/TR)
      10. 7.3.10 Power Good (PWRGD)
      11. 7.3.11 Sequencing (SS/TR)
      12. 7.3.12 Output Overvoltage Protection (OVP)
      13. 7.3.13 Overcurrent Protection
        1. 7.3.13.1 High-Side MOSFET Overcurrent Protection
        2. 7.3.13.2 Low-Side MOSFET Overcurrent Protection
      14. 7.3.14 Thermal Shutdown
      15. 7.3.15 Turn-On Behavior
      16. 7.3.16 Small Signal Model for Frequency Compensation
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Fixed-Frequency PWM Control
      2. 7.4.2 Continuous Current Mode (CCM) Operation
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Application
      1. 8.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. 8.2.2.1 Operating Frequency
        2. 8.2.2.2 Output Inductor Selection
        3. 8.2.2.3 Output Capacitor Selection
        4. 8.2.2.4 Slow Start Capacitor Selection
        5. 8.2.2.5 Undervoltage Lockout (UVLO) Set Point
        6. 8.2.2.6 Output Voltage Feedback Resistor Selection
        7. 8.2.2.7 Compensation Component Selection
      3. 8.2.3 Parallel Operation
      4. 8.2.4 Application Curve
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 10.2 Layout Example
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Documentation Support
      1. 11.1.1 Related Documentation
    2. 11.2 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    3. 11.3 Support Resources
    4. 11.4 Trademarks
    5. 11.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 11.6 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Overview

The device is a 5.5-V, 3-A synchronous step-down (buck) converter with two integrated MOSFETs, a PMOS for the high side and a NMOS for the low side. To improve performance during line and load transients, the device implements a constant frequency, peak current mode control, which also simplifies external frequency compensation. The wide switching frequency, 100 kHz to 1 MHz, allows for efficiency and size optimization when selecting the output filter components.

The device is designed for safe monotonic startup into prebiased loads. The default start up is when VIN is typically 3 V. The EN pin has an internal pullup current source that can be used to adjust the input voltage UVLO with two external resistors. In addition, the EN pin can be floating for the device to operate with the internal pullup current. The total operating current for the device is approximately 5 mA when not switching and under no load. When the device is disabled, the supply current is typically less than 2.5 mA.

The integrated MOSFETs allow for high-efficiency power supply designs with continuous output currents up to 3 A. The MOSFETs have been sized to optimize efficiency for lower duty cycle applications.

The device has a power good comparator (PWRGD) with hysteresis which monitors the output voltage through the VSENSE pin. The PWRGD pin is an open-drain MOSFET which is pulled low when the VSENSE pin voltage is less than 91% or greater than 109% of the reference voltage VREF and asserts high when the VSENSE pin voltage is 94% to 106% of the VREF.

The SS/TR (slow start/tracking) pin is used to minimize inrush currents or provide power-supply sequencing during power-up. A small-value capacitor or resistor divider should be coupled to the pin for slow start or critical power-supply sequencing requirements.

The device is protected from output overvoltage, overload, and thermal fault conditions. The device minimizes excessive output overvoltage transients by taking advantage of the overvoltage circuit power good comparator. When the overvoltage comparator is activated, the high-side MOSFET is turned off and prevented from turning on until the VSENSE pin voltage is lower than 106% of the VREF. The device implements both high-side MOSFET overload protection and bidirectional low-side MOSFET overload protections, which help control the inductor current and avoid current runaway. The device also shuts down if the junction temperature is higher than thermal shutdown trip point. The device is restarted under control of the slow-start circuit automatically when the junction temperature drops 10°C typical below the thermal shutdown trip point.