SLVAE36A September   2018  – July 2021 LM43600 , LM43601 , LM46001 , LM46002 , LM5160A , LM5161 , LM5165 , LM5166 , LM61460-Q1 , LM73605 , LM73605-Q1 , LM73606-Q1 , LM76003 , LMR33620 , LMR33630 , LMR36006 , LMR36015 , LMZ36002 , LMZM23600 , LMZM23601 , LMZM33602 , LMZM33603 , LMZM33606 , TPS54218 , TPS54360B , TPS54418 , TPS54424 , TPS54560B , TPS54618 , TPS55010 , TPS62148 , TPS62821 , TPS62822 , TPS62823 , TPS82130 , TPS82140 , TPS82150

 

  1.   Trademarks
  2. 1Point-of-load Architecture Considerations
  3. 2Line Voltage Transients
  4. 3Thermal limitations and power budgets
  5. 4Isolation Improving Electrical Noise Immunity
  6. 5Voltage Regulation Accuracy
  7. 6Solution Size
  8. 7Complete Solution
  9. 8References
  10. 9Revision History

Line Voltage Transients

Line transients can come from motors and relays in the system, and can cause an excessive voltage spike on the input voltage line. Voltage spikes can also come from power rails or signal transmission lines that are routed longer distances causing problems to the DC/DC converters or interface circuits. Because PLCs are employed on factory floors that may have motors or other inductive loads and loops, they are susceptible to line transient spikes. Figure 2-1 shows an example of a line voltage transient which may have a short duration, but can severely damage circuits inside PLCs without proper protection.

GUID-0789F161-46F4-48FD-BE79-253D25EB5733-low.pngFigure 2-1 Example of a Fast Line Voltage Transient That Can Damage PLC Circuits

A protection circuit, or clamping circuit shown in Figure 2-2 would typically be used for protecting the load from voltage spikes. The diode D2 is used to set the clamp voltage and a pass FET is used to allow the current to flow to the load protected. Unfortunately, these circuits take up space and require more additional circuitry. As semiconductor process technology advances, suppliers are able to offer higher input voltage converters to integrate components and save space. It is true that a 28-V converter rated at 3 A is a less expensive than a 60-V, 3-A converter with the same MOSFET resistance. But the reliability and space savings of a higher rated converter is worth the small added price. Instead of relying on voltage protection circuits, non-isolated synchronous buck converters with integrated FETs are available with ratings up to 100 V to protect downstream circuits.

GUID-732054B0-4A37-4518-A486-87E259670E80-low.pngFigure 2-2 Discrete Voltage Clamping Circuit