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Product details

Parameters

Number of series cells 1, 2, 3, 4 Charge current (Max) (A) 5 Operating Vin (Max) (V) 24 Cell chemistry Li-Ion/Li-Polymer, Lithium Phosphate/LiFePO4 Battery charge voltage (Min) (V) 3 Battery charge voltage (Max) (V) 18.8 Absolute Vin (safety rating) (Max) ((V)) 30 Control topology Switch-Mode Buck-boost Control interface I2C Features BAT temp thermistor monitoring (JEITA profile), IC thermal regulation, ICO (Input Current Optimization), IINDPM (Input current limit), Input OVP, Integrated ADC, Power Path, USB C/PD compatible, USB D+/D-/BC1.2 integrated, VINDPM (Input voltage threshold to maximize adaptor power) Operating Vin (Min) (V) 3.6 Rating Catalog open-in-new Find other Battery charger ICs

Package | Pins | Size

DSBGA (YBG) 56 10 mm² 2.897 x 3.317 open-in-new Find other Battery charger ICs

Features

  • High power density, high integration buck-boost charger for 1- to 4-cell batteries supporting any USB PD 3.0 profile
    • Integrates four switching MOSFETs, BATFET
    • Integrates input and charging current sensing
  • Highly efficient
    • 750-kHz or 1.5-MHz switching frequencies
    • Efficiency optimized for charging 2s battery, 96.5% efficiency with 9-V input and 94.5% efficiency with 15-V input at 3-A ICHG
    • 5-A charging current with 10-mA resolution
      • 96.5% efficiency: 16-V battery at 3 A from 20 V
  • Supports a wide range of input sources
    • 3.6-V to 24-V wide input operating voltage range with 30-V absolute maximum rating
    • Maximum power tracking with input voltage dynamic power management (VINDPM) up to 22 V and input current dynamic power management (IINDPM) up to 3.3 A
    • Detects USB BC1.2, SDP, CDP, DCP, HVDCP and non-standard adapters
  • Dual-input power mux controller (optional) for source selection
  • Narrow voltage DC (NVDC) power path management
  • Flexible autonomous and I2C mode for optimal system performance
  • Integrated 16-bit ADC for voltage, current, and temperature monitoring
  • Low battery quiescent current
    • Typical 30-µA for battery only operation
  • High accuracy
    • ±1% charge voltage regulation for 2s batteries
    • ±10% charge current regulation
    • ±5% input current regulation
  • Safety
    • Thermal regulation and thermal shutdown
    • Input/battery OVP and OCP
    • Converter MOSFETs OCP
    • Charging safety timer
  • Package
    • 56-Pin 2.9 mm × 3.3 mm WCSP

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Description

The BQ24179 is a fully integrated switch-mode buck-boost charger for 1- to 4-cell Li-ion batteries and Li-polymer batteries. The integration includes 4 switching MOSFETs (Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4), input and charging current sensing circuits, the battery FET (QBAT) and all the loop compensation of the buck-boost converter.

It uses narrow VDC power path management, regulating the system slightly above the battery voltage without dropping below a configurable minimum system voltage. When system power exceeds the input source rating, battery supplement mode supports the system without overloading the input source.

The charger supports the NVDC power path management, in which the system is regulated at a voltage slightly higher than the battery voltage, but not drop below the minimum system voltage. The system keeps operating even when the battery is completely discharged or removed. When load power exceeds input source rating, the battery gets into supplement mode and prevents the input source from being overloaded and the system from crashing.

The device charges a battery from a wide range of the input sources including legacy USB adapter to high voltage USB PD adapter and traditional barrel adapter. The charger automatically sets converter to be buck, boost or buck-boost configurations based on input voltage and battery voltage without the host control. The dual input source selector manages the power flowing from two different input sources. The inputs selection is controlled by the host through I2C with default source #1 (VAC1) as the primary input and the source #2 (VAC2) as the secondary input.

To support fast charging using an adjustable high voltage adapter, the device provides D+/D- handshake. The device is compliant with USB 2.0 and USB 3.0 power delivery specification with input current and voltage regulation. In addition, the input current optimizer (ICO) allows the detection of maximum power point of an unknown input source.

Besides the I2C host controlled charging mode, this charger also supports autonomous charging mode. After power up, the charging is enabled with default register settings. The device can complete a charging cycle without any software engagements. It detects battery voltage and charges the battery in different phases: trickle charging, pre-charging, constant current (CC) charging and constant voltage (CV) charging. At the end of the charging cycle, the charger automatically terminates when the charge current is below a pre-set limit (termination current) in the constant voltage phase. When the full battery falls below the recharge threshold, the charger will automatically start another charging cycle.

The charger provides various safety features for battery charging and system operations, including battery temperature negative thermistor monitoring, trickle charge, pre-charge and fast charge timers and over-voltage/over-current protections on battery and input. The thermal regulation reduces charge current when the junction temperature exceeds a programmable threshold. The STAT output of the device reports the charging status and any fault conditions. The PG output indicates if a good power source is present. The INT pin immediately notifies host when fault occurs.

The device also provides a 16-bit analog-to-digital converter (ADC) for monitoring charge current and input/battery/system (VAC, VBUS, BAT, SYS, TS) voltages.

It is available in a 56-pin 2.9 mm × 3.3 mm WCSP package.

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Technical documentation

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Type Title Date
* Datasheet BQ24179 I2C Controlled, 1- to 4-Cell, 5-A Buck-Boost Battery Charger datasheet Mar. 11, 2021
Technical article When to use rechargeable batteries in small battery applications Oct. 01, 2019
Technical article Should I use a linear charger or a switching charger? Oct. 31, 2015
Technical article Summertime and the livin' is easy Jun. 20, 2014

Design & development

For additional terms or required resources, click any title below to view the detail page where available.

Hardware development

EVALUATION BOARD Download
document-generic User guide
149
Description
The BQ25790EVM evaluation module (EVM) is a fully assembled and tested circuit for evaluating the BQ25790 device. The BQ25790 is an integrated switched-mode buck-boost battery charge management device intended for 1-series to 4-series cell li-ion and li-polymer batteries. The charger features a (...)
Features
  • Synchronous switch mode buck-boost charger for 1s~4s battery configuration for 5-A charging with 10-mA resolution
  • Support for 3.6-V to 24-V wide range of input sources with MPPT, USB auto-detect, USB PD and wireless input
  • Dual input source selector to drive bi-directional blocking NFETs
  • Power-up USB (...)

Software development

APPLICATION SOFTWARE & FRAMEWORK Download
GUI software for use with USB2ANY and battery charging evaluation modules
TI-CHARGER-GUI — The TI-CHARGER-GUI offers a web-based or standalone graphical user interface to assist in the process of evaluating, designing with, configuring or testing battery charger products. The software provides full access to registers and an easy interface to send and sequence commands.
Features
  • Web-based or standalone GUI with easy to follow graphic instructions
  • Configures supported battery charger evaluation modules (EVMs) through USB2ANY interface adaptor
  • Easy to navigate pages organized by functional groupings
  • Supports sequenced I2C or SMBus commands

CAD/CAE symbols

Package Pins Download
DSBGA (YBG) 56 View options

Ordering & quality

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  • Ongoing reliability monitoring

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