The TMS320DM357 (also referenced as DM357) leverages TI's DaVinci™ technology to meet the networked
media encode and decode application processing needs of next-generation embedded devices.
The DM357 enables OEMs and ODMs to quickly bring to market devices featuring robust operating systems support, rich user interfaces, high processing performance, and long battery life through the maximum flexibility of a fully integrated mixed processor solution.
The ARM926EJ-S is a 32-bit RISC processor core that performs 32-bit or 16-bit instructions and processes 32-bit, 16-bit, or 8-bit data. The core uses pipelining so that all parts of the processor and memory system can operate continuously.
The ARM core incorporates:
- A coprocessor 15 (CP15) and protection module
- Data and program Memory Management Units (MMUs) with table look-aside buffers.
- Separate 16K-byte instruction and 8K-byte data caches. Both are four-way associative with
virtual index virtual tag (VIVT).
The DM357 performance is enhanced by its H.264/MPEG4/JPEG coprocessor (HMJCP). The HMJCP performs the computational operations required for image processing; JPEG compression and MPEG4 video and imaging standard. The H.264/MPEG4/JPEG coprocessor supports MPEG4 Simple Profile (SP) , D1, VGA, SIF encode/decode resolutions and JPEG encode/decode.
The peripheral set includes: 2 configurable video ports (one input port and one output port); a 10/100 Mb/s Ethernet MAC (EMAC) with a Management Data Input/Output (MDIO) module; an inter-integrated circuit (I2C) Bus interface; one audio serial port (ASP); 2 64-bit general-purpose timers each configurable as 2 independent 32-bit timers; 1 64-bit watchdog timer; up to 71-pins of general-purpose input/output (GPIO) with programmable interrupt/event generation modes, multiplexed with
other peripherals; 3 UARTs with hardware handshaking support on 1 UART; 3 pulse width modulator (PWM) peripherals; and 2 external memory interfaces: an asynchronous external memory interface (EMIFA) for slower memories/peripherals, and a higher speed synchronous memory interface for DDR2.
The DM357 device includes a Video Processing Subsystem (VPSS) with two configurable video/imaging
peripherals: 1 Video Processing Front-End (VPFE) input used for video capture, and 1 Video Processing Back-End (VPBE) output for displaying video images.
The Video Processing Front-End (VPFE) is comprised of a CCD Controller (CCDC), a Preview Engine (Previewer), Histogram Module, Auto-Exposure/White Balance/Focus Module (H3A), and Resizer. The CCDC is capable of interfacing to common video decoders, CMOS sensors, and Charge Coupled Devices (CCDs). The Previewer is a real-time image processing engine that takes raw imager data from a CMOS sensor or CCD and converts from an RGB Bayer Pattern to YUV4:2:2. The Histogram and H3A modules provide statistical information on the raw color data for use by the DM357. The Resizer accepts image data for separate horizontal and vertical resizing from 1/4x to 4x in increments of 256/N, where N is between 64 and 1024.
The Video Processing Back-End (VPBE) is comprised of an On-Screen Display Engine (OSD) and a Video Encoder (VENC). The OSD engine is capable of handling 2 separate video windows and 2 separate OSD windows. Other configurations include 2 video windows, 1 OSD window, and 1 attribute window allowing up to 8 levels of alpha blending. The VENC provides three analog DACs that run at 54 MHz, providing a means for composite NTSC/PAL video, S-Video, and/or Component video output. The VENC also provides up to 24 bits of digital output to interface to RGB888 devices or hi-speed triple DACs such as the THS8200. The digital output is capable of 8/16-bit BT.656 output and/or CCIR.601 with separate horizontal and vertical syncs.
The Ethernet Media Access Controller (EMAC) provides an efficient interface between the DM357 and the network. The DM357 EMAC support both 10Base-T and 100Base-TX, or 10 Mbits/second (Mbps) and 100 Mbps in either half- or full-duplex mode, with hardware flow control and quality of service (QOS) support.
The Management Data Input/Output (MDIO) module continuously polls all 32 MDIO addresses in order to enumerate all PHY devices in the system. Once a Ethernet PHY candidate has been selected by the ARM, the MDIO module transparently monitors its link state by reading the PHY status register. Link change events are stored in the MDIO
module and can optionally interrupt the ARM, allowing the ARM to poll the link status of the device without continuously performing costly MDIO accesses.
The HPI, I2C, SPI, and USB2.0 OTG ports allow DM357 to easily control peripheral devices and/or communicate with host processors. The DM357 also provides multimedia card support, MMC/SD, with SDIO support.
The rich peripheral set provides the ability to control external peripheral devices and communicate with external processors. For details on each of the peripherals, see the related sections later in this document and the associated peripheral reference guides.
The DM357 has a complete set of development tools for the ARM926EJS. These include C compilers and a Windows™ debugger interface for visibility into source code execution.