SLUSBH2G March 2013 – March 2019
Maximum power point tracking (MPPT) is implemented in order to maximize the power extracted from an energy harvester source. The boost charger indirectly modulates the input impedance of the main boost charger by regulating the charger's input voltage, as sensed by the VIN_DC pin, to the sampled reference voltage, as stored on the VREF_SAMP pin. The MPPT circuit obtains a new reference voltage every 16 s (typical) by periodically disabling the charger for 256 ms (typical) and sampling a fraction of the open-circuit voltage (VOC). For solar harvesters, the maximum power point is typically 70%-80% and for thermoelectric harvesters, the MPPT is typically 50%. Tying VOC_SAMP to VSTOR internally sets the MPPT regulation point to 80% of VOC. Tying VOC_SAMP to GND internally sets the MPPT regulation point to 50% of VOC. If input source does not have either 80% or 50% of VOC as its MPP point, the exact ratio for MPPT can be optimized to meet the needs of the input source being used by connecting external resistors ROC1 and ROC2 between VRDIV and GND with mid-point at VOC_SAMP.
The reference voltage is set by the following expression: