The LM5008A has an intelligent current limit OFF timer. If the current in the Buck switch exceeds 0.51 A the present cycle is immediately terminated and a non-resetable OFF timer is initiated. The length of off-time is controlled by an external resistor (RCL) and the FB voltage. When FB = 0 V, a maximum off-time is required, and the time is preset to 35 µs. This condition occurs when the output is shorted and during the initial part of start-up. This amount of time makes sure that safe short-circuit operation occurs up to the maximum input voltage of 95 V. In cases of overload where the FB voltage is above zero volts (not a short circuit), the current limit off-time is less than 35 µs. Reducing the off-time during less severe overloads decreases the amount of foldback, recovery time, and the start-up time. The off-time is calculated from Equation 9.
The current limit-sensing circuit is blanked for the first 50 ns to 70 ns of each on-time, so it is not falsely tripped by the current surge which occurs at turnon. The current surge is required by the re-circulating diode (D1) for its turnoff recovery.