For best operational performance of the device,
use good printed circuit board (PCB) layout practices, including:
- Connect low-ESR, 0.1-µF ceramic bypass capacitors between each supply pin and ground, placed as close to the device as possible. A single bypass capacitor from V+ to ground is applicable for single-supply applications. Noise can propagate into analog circuitry through the power pins of the circuit as a whole, as well as through the individual op amp. Bypass capacitors are used to reduce the coupled noise by providing low-impedance power sources local to the analog circuitry.
- Make sure to physically separate digital and analog grounds and pay attention to the flow of the ground current. Separate grounding for analog and digital portions of circuitry is one of the simplest and most effective methods of noise suppression. One or more layers on multilayer PCBs are usually devoted to ground planes. A ground plane helps distribute heat and reduces EMI noise pickup.
- In order to reduce parasitic coupling, run the input traces as far away from the supply or output traces as possible. If these traces cannot be kept separate, crossing the sensitive trace perpendicular is much better, as opposed to in parallel with the noisy trace.
- Place the external components as close to the device as possible. As shown in Figure 11-1, keep RF and RG close to the inverting input to minimize parasitic capacitance.
- Keep the length of input traces as short as possible. Always remember that the input traces are the most sensitive part of the circuit.
- Consider a driven, low-impedance guard ring around the critical traces. A guard ring can significantly reduce leakage currents from nearby traces that are at different potentials.
- Clean the PCB following board assembly for best performance.
- Any precision integrated circuit may experience performance shifts due to moisture ingress into the plastic package. After any aqueous PCB cleaning process, bake the PCB assembly to remove moisture introduced into the device packaging during the cleaning process. A low-temperature, post-cleaning bake at 85°C for 30 minutes is sufficient for most circumstances.