SBOS778D April   2016  – April 2021 THS4551


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Companion Devices
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4 Thermal Information
    5. 7.5 Electrical Characteristics: (VS+) – (VS–) = 5 V
    6. 7.6 Electrical Characteristics: (VS+) – (VS–) = 3 V
    7. 7.7 Typical Characteristics: (VS+) – (VS–) = 5 V
    8. 7.8 Typical Characteristics: (VS+) – (VS–) = 3 V
    9. 7.9 Typical Characteristics: 3-V to 5-V Supply Range
  8. Parameter Measurement Information
    1. 8.1 Example Characterization Circuits
    2. 8.2 Output Interface Circuit for DC-Coupled Differential Testing
    3. 8.3 Output Common-Mode Measurements
    4. 8.4 Differential Amplifier Noise Measurements
    5. 8.5 Balanced Split-Supply Versus Single-Supply Characterization
    6. 8.6 Simulated Characterization Curves
    7. 8.7 Terminology and Application Assumptions
  9. Detailed Description
    1. 9.1 Overview
    2. 9.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 9.3 Feature Description
      1. 9.3.1 Differential Open-Loop Gain and Output Impedance
      2. 9.3.2 Setting Resistor Values Versus Gain
      3. 9.3.3 I/O Headroom Considerations
      4. 9.3.4 Output DC Error and Drift Calculations and the Effect of Resistor Imbalances
    4. 9.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 9.4.1 Operation from Single-Ended Sources to Differential Outputs
        1. AC-Coupled Signal Path Considerations for Single-Ended Input to Differential Output Conversions
        2. DC-Coupled Input Signal Path Considerations for Single-Ended to Differential Conversions
      2. 9.4.2 Operation from a Differential Input to a Differential Output
        1. AC-Coupled, Differential-Input to Differential-Output Design Issues
        2. DC-Coupled, Differential-Input to Differential-Output Design Issues
      3. 9.4.3 Input Overdrive Performance
  10. 10Application and Implementation
    1. 10.1 Application Information
      1. 10.1.1 Noise Analysis
      2. 10.1.2 Factors Influencing Harmonic Distortion
      3. 10.1.3 Driving Capacitive Loads
      4. 10.1.4 Interfacing to High-Performance Precision ADCs
      5. 10.1.5 Operating the Power Shutdown Feature
      6. 10.1.6 Designing Attenuators
      7. 10.1.7 The Effect of Adding a Feedback Capacitor
    2. 10.2 Typical Applications
      1. 10.2.1 An MFB Filter Driving an ADC Application
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
        3. Application Curves
      2. 10.2.2 Differential Transimpedance Output to a High-Grade Audio PCM DAC Application
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
        3. Application Curves
      3. 10.2.3 ADC3k Driver with a 2nd-Order RLC Interstage Filter Application
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
        3. Application Curve
  11. 11Power Supply Recommendations
    1. 11.1 Thermal Analysis
  12. 12Layout
    1. 12.1 Layout Guidelines
      1. 12.1.1 Board Layout Recommendations
    2. 12.2 Layout Example
    3. 12.3 EVM Board
  13. 13Device and Documentation Support
    1. 13.1 Device Support
      1. 13.1.1 TINA-TI Simulation Model Features
    2. 13.2 Documentation Support
      1. 13.2.1 Related Documentation
    3. 13.3 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    4. 13.4 Support Resources
    5. 13.5 Trademarks
    6. 13.6 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    7. 13.7 Glossary
  14. 14Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Terminology and Application Assumptions

Numerous common terms that are unique to this type of device exist. This section identifies and explains these terms.

  • Fully differential amplifier (FDA). This term is restricted to devices offering what appears similar to a differential inverting op amp design element that requires an input resistor (not a high-impedance input) and includes a second internal control loop that sets the output average voltage (VOCM) to a default or set point. This second common-mode control loop interacts with the differential loop in certain configurations.
  • The desired output signal at the two output pins is a differential signal that swings symmetrically around a common-mode voltage, which is the average voltage for the two outputs.
  • Single-ended to differential. The output must always be used differentially in an FDA; however, the source signal can be either a single-ended or a differential source with a variety of implementation details for either source. For an FDA operating in single-ended to differential, only one of the two input signals is applied to one of the input resistors.
  • The common-mode control has limited bandwidth from the input VOCM pin to the common-mode output voltage. The internal loop bandwidth beyond the input VOCM buffer is a much wider bandwidth than the reported VOCM bandwidth, but is not directly discernable. A very wide bandwidth in the internal VOCM loop is required to perform an effective and low-distortion single-ended to differential conversion.

Several features in the application of the THS4551 are not explicitly stated, but are necessary for correct operation. These features are:

  • Good power-supply decoupling is required. Often a larger capacitor (2.2 µF, typical) is used along with a high-frequency, 0.1-µF supply decoupling capacitor at the device supply pins (share this capacitor with the four supply pins in the RGT package). For single-supply operation, only the positive supply has these capacitors. Where a split supply is used, connect these capacitors to ground on both sides with the larger capacitor placed some distance from the package and shared among multiple channels of the THS4551, if used. A separate 0.1-µF capacitor must be provided to each device at the device power pins. With cascaded or multiple parallel channels, including ferrite beads from the larger capacitor to the local high-frequency decoupling capacitor is often useful.
  • Although often not stated, the power disable pin ( PD) is tied to the positive supply when only an enabled channel is desired.
  • Virtually all ac characterization equipment expects a 50-Ω termination from the 50-Ω source and a 50-Ω, single-ended source impedance from the device outputs to the 50-Ω sensing termination. This condition is achieved in all characterizations (often with some insertion loss) but is not necessary for most applications. Matching impedance is most often required when transmitting over longer distances. Tight layouts from a source, through the THS4551, and to an ADC input do not require doubly-terminated lines or filter designs. The only exception is if the source requires a defined termination impedance for correct operation (for example, mixer outputs).
  • The amplifier signal path is flexible for use as single- or split-supply operation. Most applications are intended to be single supply, but any split-supply design can be used as long as the total supply voltage across the TH4551 is less than 5.5 V and the required input, output, and common-mode pin headrooms to each supply are taken into account. When left open, the VOCM pin defaults to near midsupply for any combination of split or single supplies used. The disable pin ( PD) is referenced to the negative rail. Using a negative supply requires that PD be pulled down to within 0.55 V of the negative supply to disable the amplifier.
  • External element values are normally assumed to be accurate and matched. In an FDA, this assumption translates to equal feedback resistor values and a matched impedance from each input summing junction to either a signal source or a dc bias reference on each side of the inputs. Unbalancing these values introduces non-idealities in the signal path. For the signal path, imbalanced resistor ratios on the two sides creates a common-mode to differential conversion. Furthermore, mismatched RF values and feedback ratios create additional differential output error terms from any common-mode dc or ac signal or noise terms. Using standard 1% resistor values is a typical approach and generally leads to some nominal feedback ratio mismatch. Modestly mismatched resistors or ratios do not by themselves degrade harmonic distortion. Where there is a meaningful common-mode noise or distortion coming in that gets converted to differential via an element or ratio mismatch. For the best dc precision, use 0.1% accuracy resistors that are readily available in E96 values (1% steps).