SLUSCV6A April 2017 – February 2018 UCC21225A
The junction temperature (TJ) of the UCC21225A can be estimated with:
Using the junction-to-top characterization parameter (ΨJT) instead of the junction-to-case thermal resistance (RΘJC) can greatly improve the accuracy of the junction temperature estimation. The majority of the thermal energy of most ICs is released into the PCB through the package leads, whereas only a small percentage of the total energy is released through the top of the case (where thermocouple measurements are usually conducted). RΘJC can only be used effectively when most of the thermal energy is released through the case, such as with metal packages or when a heatsink is applied to an IC package. In all other cases, use of RΘJC will inaccurately estimate the true junction temperature. ΨJT is experimentally derived by assuming that the amount of energy leaving through the top of the IC will be similar in both the testing environment and the application environment. As long as the recommended layout guidelines are observed, junction temperature estimates can be made accurately to within a few degrees Celsius. For more information, see the Semiconductor and IC Package Thermal Metrics application report.