JAJSIB3D August   2017  – February 2021 THS4561


  1. 特長
  2. アプリケーション
  3. 概要
  4. Revision History
  5. Device Comparison Table
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4 Thermal Information
    5. 7.5 Electrical Characteristics: VS+ – VS– = 5 V to 12 V
    6. 7.6 Typical Characteristics: (VS+) – (VS–) = 12 V
    7. 7.7 Typical Characteristics: (VS+) – (VS–) = 5 V
    8. 7.8 Typical Characteristics: (VS+) – (VS–) = 3 V
    9. 7.9 Typical Characteristics: (VS+) – (VS–) = 3-V to 12-V Supply Range
  8. Parameter Measurement Information
    1. 8.1 Example Characterization Circuits
    2. 8.2 Output Interface Circuit for DC-Coupled Differential Testing
    3. 8.3 Output Common-Mode Measurements
    4. 8.4 Differential Amplifier Noise Measurements
    5. 8.5 Balanced Split-Supply Versus Single-Supply Characterization
    6. 8.6 Simulated Characterization Curves
    7. 8.7 Terminology and Application Assumptions
  9. Detailed Description
    1. 9.1 Overview
    2. 9.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 9.3 Feature Description
    4. 9.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 9.4.1 Power-Down Mode
      2. 9.4.2 Single-Ended Source to Differential Output Mode
        1. AC-Coupled Signal Path Considerations for Single-Ended Input to Differential Output Conversions
        2. DC-Coupled Input Signal Path Considerations for Single-Ended to Differential Conversions
      3. 9.4.3 Differential Input to a Differential Output Mode
        1. AC-Coupled, Differential-Input to Differential-Output Design Issues
  10. 10Application and Implementation
    1. 10.1 Application Information
      1. 10.1.1 Differential Open-Loop Gain and Output Impedance
      2. 10.1.2 Setting Resistor Values Versus Gain
      3. 10.1.3 Noise Analysis
      4. 10.1.4 Factors Influencing Harmonic Distortion
      5. 10.1.5 Input Overdrive Performance
    2. 10.2 Typical Application
      1. 10.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 10.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
      3. 10.2.3 Application Curves
  11. 11Power Supply Recommendations
  12. 12Layout
    1. 12.1 Layout Guidelines
      1. 12.1.1 Board Layout Recommendations
    2. 12.2 Layout Examples
  13. 13Device and Documentation Support
    1. 13.1 ドキュメントの更新通知を受け取る方法
    2. 13.2 サポート・リソース
    3. 13.3 Trademarks
    4. 13.4 静電気放電に関する注意事項
    5. 13.5 用語集
  14. 14Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information



Terminology and Application Assumptions

There are common terms that are unique to this device. This section identifies and explains these terms.

  • Fully differential amplifier (FDA). This term is restricted to devices offering what is similar to a differential inverting op amp design element that requires an input resistor (not a high-impedance input) and includes a second internal control loop that sets the output average voltage (VOCM) to a default or set point. This second common-mode control loop interacts with the differential loop in certain configurations.
  • The desired output signal at the two output pins is a differential signal that swings symmetrically around a common-mode voltage, VOCM, which is the average voltage of the two outputs.
  • Single-ended to differential. Generally the output is always used differentially in an FDA; however, the source signal can be either a single-ended or a differential source. For an FDA operating in single-ended to differential, the input is applied only to one of the two inputs via input resistors.
  • The common-mode control loop has limited bandwidth from the input VOCM pin to the common-mode output voltage. The internal loop bandwidth beyond the input VOCM buffer is a much wider bandwidth than the reported VOCM bandwidth, but is not directly discernable. A very wide bandwidth in the internal VOCM loop is required to perform an effective and low-distortion single-ended to differential conversion.

Several features in the application of the THS4561 are not explicitly stated, but are necessary for correct operation. These features are:

  • Although often not stated, the disable pin ( PD) is tied to the positive supply when an enabled channel is desired.
  • Virtually all ac characterization equipment expects a 50-Ω termination from the 50-Ω source and a 50-Ω, single-ended source impedance from the device outputs to the 50-Ω sensing termination. This condition is achieved in all characterizations (often with some insertion loss) but is not necessary for most applications. Matching impedance is most often required when transmitting over longer distances. Tight layouts from a source, through the THS4561, and to an ADC input do not require doubly-terminated lines or filter designs. The only exception is if the source requires a defined termination impedance for correct operation (for example, mixer outputs).
  • The amplifier signal path is flexible for use as single-supply or split-supply operation. Most applications are intended to be single supply, but any split-supply design can be used as long as the total supply voltage across the TH4561 is less than 12.6 V and the required input, output, and common-mode pin headrooms to each supply are taken into account. When left open, the VOCM pin defaults to near midsupply for any combination of split or single supplies used.
  • External element values are normally assumed to be accurate and matched. In an FDA, this assumption translates to equal feedback resistor values and a matched impedance from each input summing junction to either a signal source or a DC bias reference on each side of the inputs. Unbalancing these values introduces non-idealities in the signal path. For the signal path, imbalanced resistor ratios on the two sides creates a common-mode to differential conversion. Furthermore, mismatched RF values and feedback ratios create additional differential output error terms from any common-mode DC or AC signal or noise terms. Using standard 1% resistor values is a typical approach and generally leads to some nominal feedback ratio mismatch. Modestly mismatched resistors or ratios do not by themselves degrade harmonic distortion. Where there is a meaningful common-mode noise or distortion in the input signal, that gets converted to differential via an element or ratio mismatch. For the best DC precision, use 0.1% accuracy resistors that are readily available in E96 values.