TIDUEY6 April   2021


  1.   Description
  2.   Resources
  3.   Features
  4.   Applications
  5.   5
  6. 1System Description
  7. 2System Overview
    1. 2.1 Block Diagram
    2. 2.2 Design Considerations
    3. 2.3 Highlighted Products
      1. 2.3.1 C2000 MCU F2838x
      2. 2.3.2 UCC5870-Q1 Gate Driver
  8. 3Hardware, Software, Testing Requirements, and Test Results
    1. 3.1 Hardware Requirements
      1. 3.1.1 Hardware Overview
        1. Control Module
          1. Control Mother Board
            1. Inverter Safing - UCC5870 ASC and Fault Control
            2. DC-DC Safing
            3. DC-DC Converter Secondary PWM Selection
            4. Blower Fan Control
            5. Voltage Monitor
            6. Resolver Interface Control
            7. Test Points on Control Module
            8. General Purpose Ports
            9. Connectors and Headers on Control Mother Board
          2. Power Supplies
            1. Power Supply 5V /5A
            2. Power Supply 12-V/1-A
            3. Power Supply 15-V/0.5-A
          3. TCAN4550 module
          4. Dual TCAN Module
          5. Analog Back End Module
          6. Resolver Analog Front End Module
        2. Inverter Module
          1. Inverter Mother Board
            1. Connectors and Headers on Inverter Mother Board
            2. Jumper and Test Points on Inverter Module
          2. Inverter Gate Driver Module
            1. Inverter Gate Drive Power Supply Module
          3. Inverter Current Sense Module
          4. Inverter Voltage Sense Module
        3. DC-DC Bidirectional Converter Module
          1. DC-DC Converter Mother Board
          2. DC-DC Gate Driver Module
    2. 3.2 Resource Mapping
    3. 3.3 Test Setup
    4. 3.4 Test Results
  9. 4General Texas Instruments High Voltage Evaluation (TI HV EVM) User Safety Guidelines
  10. 5Design and Documentation Support
    1. 5.1 Design Files
      1. 5.1.1 Schematics
      2. 5.1.2 BOM
    2. 5.2 Software
    3. 5.3 Documentation Support
    4. 5.4 Support Resources
    5. 5.5 Trademarks
  11. 6About the Author
Blower Fan Control
The traction inverter deals with pretty high power levels (about 10KVA) and that at high switching frequencies (40KHz), the switching losses and conduction losses are pretty high (>300W). Since the EVM is a laboratory model and is not supposed to be retrofitted into an EV/HEV, an appropriate blower cooled heatsink is used to control the temperature of inverter power module. The blowers used are 12 V operated (Dayton 2RTH4) and its speed can be regulated by C2000 MCU. The PWM pulses from the C2000 MCU are driven by TI driver DRV8876-Q1 to boost the power levels before being applied to the fan motor. The section of the control mother board hosting blower control is shown in Figure 3-7.
GUID-20201210-CA0I-5WHZ-DS1N-CR2FMD3WRMFK-low.jpg Figure 3-7 Blower Fan control
Resistors R97 and R99 should be populated with 0E to connect the driver with blower fans . Headers J11 and J15 are where two blower motors can be connected. The blower fans can be noisy running at 12 V and high speed. If such high speeds are not needed for any lab evaluations (such as lower traction power levels), it can be reduced by adjusting the PWM pulses from C2000.

When low speed running of blower fans is preferred, they can be run off 5 V (intermediate power supply). The blowers can still blow some air good enough to move some heat away from heatsink. For this, 0E resistors is populated on R95 and R98, while removing the resistors R97 and R99. The user needs to monitor and ascertain the thermal safeness of such usage. If it is not enough, then discard this method.

CAUTION: With PWM control, at lower duty cycles, the on chip free wheeling diode in DRV8876 will have a larger conduction time. Since the diode drop is higher than the channel drop (during ON time), this can lead to over heating of the driver if two fans are used together. To avoid this, either the note given above could be used OR duty cycles above 65% could be used OR only one fan can be used. In all these cases, ensure that the inverter heatsink is cooled down to safe limits by the fan.