SNVSAA7B December   2015  – July 2021 LM53625-Q1 , LM53635-Q1


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Device Comparison
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4 Thermal Information
    5. 7.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 7.6 System Characteristics
    7. 7.7 Timing Characteristics
    8. 7.8 Typical Characteristics
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
      1. 8.2.1 Control Scheme
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1 RESET Flag Output
      2. 8.3.2 Enable and Start-Up
      3. 8.3.3 Soft-Start Function
      4. 8.3.4 Current Limit
      5. 8.3.5 Hiccup Mode
      6. 8.3.6 Synchronizing Input
      7. 8.3.7 Undervoltage Lockout (UVLO) and Thermal Shutdown (TSD)
      8. 8.3.8 Input Supply Current
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 AUTO Mode
      2. 8.4.2 FPWM Mode
      3. 8.4.3 Dropout
      4. 8.4.4 Input Voltage Frequency Foldback
    5. 8.5 Spread-Spectrum Operation
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
    2. 9.2 Typical Applications
      1. 9.2.1 General Application
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
          1. External Components Selection
            1. Input Capacitors
              1. Input Capacitor Selection
            2. Output Inductors and Capacitors Selection
              1. Inductor Selection
              2. Output Capacitor Selection
          2. Setting the Output Voltage
            1. FB for Adjustable Versions
          3. VCC
          4. BIAS
          5. CBOOT
          6. Maximum Ambient Temperature
        3. Application Curves
      2. 9.2.2 Fixed 5-V Output for USB-Type Applications
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
        3. Application Curves
      3. 9.2.3 Fixed 3.3-V Output
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
        3. Application Curves
      4. 9.2.4 Adjustable Output
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
        3. Application Curves
    3. 9.3 What to Do and What Not to Do
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Device Support
      1. 12.1.1 Third-Party Products Disclaimer
    2. 12.2 Documentation Support
      1. 12.2.1 Related Documentation
    3. 12.3 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    4. 12.4 Support Resources
    5. 12.5 Trademarks
    6. 12.6 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    7. 12.7 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Refer to the PDF data sheet for device specific package drawings

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
  • RNL|22
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information
Output Capacitor Selection

The LM53625/35-Q1 is designed to work with low-ESR ceramic capacitors. For automotive applications, TI recommends X5R and X7R type capacitors. The effective value of these capacitors is defined as the actual capacitance under voltage bias and temperature. All ceramic capacitors have a large voltage coefficient, in addition to normal tolerances and temperature coefficients. Under DC bias, the capacitance value drops considerably. Larger case sizes and/or higher voltage capacitors are better in this regard. To help mitigate these effects, multiple small capacitors can be used in parallel to bring the minimum effective capacitance up to the desired value. This can also ease the RMS current requirements on a single capacitor. Table 9-3 shows the nominal and minimum values of total output capacitance recommended for the LM53625/35-Q1. The values shown also provide a starting point for other output voltages, when using the adjustable option. Also shown are the measured values of effective capacitance for the indicated capacitor. More output capacitance can be used to improve transient performance and reduce output voltage ripple.

In practice, the output capacitor has the most influence on the transient response and loop phase margin. Load transient testing and Bode plots are the best way to validate any given design and should always be completed before the application goes into production. Make a careful study of temperature and bias voltage variation of any candidate ceramic capacitor in order to ensure that the minimum value of effective capacitance is provided. The best way to obtain an optimum design is to use the Texas Instruments WEBENCH Design Tool.

In adjustable applications the feed-forward capacitor, CFF, provides another degree of freedom when stabilizing and optimizing the design. Refer to Optimizing Transient Response of Internally Compensated dc-dc Converters With Feedforward Capacitor (SLVA289) for helpful information when adjusting the feed-forward capacitor.

In addition to the capacitance shown in Table 9-3, a small ceramic capacitor placed on the output can help to reduce high frequency noise. Small case-size ceramic capacitors in the range of 1 nF to 100 nF can be very helpful in reducing spikes on the output caused by inductor parasitics.

Limit the maximum value of total output capacitance to between 300 μF and 400 μF. Large values of output capacitance can prevent the regulator from starting up correctly and adversely effect the loop stability. If values in the range given above, or greater, are to be used, then a careful study of start-up at full load and loop stability must be performed.

Table 9-3 Recommended Output Capacitors
3.3 V (fixed option)3 × 22 µF63 µF2 × 22 µF42 µFC3225X7R1C226M250AC
5 V (fixed option)3 × 22 µF60 µF2 × 22 µF40 µFC3225X7R1C226M250AC
6 V5 × 22 μF98 µF3 × 22 μF58 µFC3225X7R1C226M250AC
10 V(2)5 × 22 μF80 µF3 × 22 μF48 µFC3225X7R1C226M250AC
Measured at indicated VOUT at 25°C.
L = 4.7 μH.

The output capacitor of a switching converter absorbs the AC ripple current from the inductor and provides the initial response to a load transient. The ripple voltage at the output of the converter is the product of the ripple current flowing through the output capacitor and the impedance of the capacitor. The impedance of the capacitor can be dominated by capacitive, resistive, or inductive elements within the capacitor, depending on the frequency of the ripple current. Ceramic capacitors have very low ESR and remain capacitive up to high frequencies. Their inductive component can be usually neglected at the frequency ranges the switcher operates.

The output-filter capacitor smooths out the current flow from the inductor to the load and helps maintain a steady output voltage during transient load changes. It also reduces output voltage ripple. These capacitors must be selected with sufficient capacitance and low enough ESR to perform these functions.

Consult Output Ripple Voltage for Buck Switching Regulator (SLVA630) for more details on the estimation of the output voltage ripple for this converter.