SLLSF80A October   2019  – December 2020 TCAN1144-Q1 , TCAN1145-Q1 , TCAN1146-Q1

PRODUCTION DATA  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Description continued
  6. Device Comparison Table
  7. Pin Configuration and Functions
  8. Specifications
    1. 8.1  Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 8.2  ESD Ratings
    3. 8.3  ESD Ratings
    4. 8.4  Recommended Operating Conditions
    5. 8.5  Thermal Information
    6. 8.6  Supply Characteristics
    7. 8.7  Electrical Characteristics
    8. 8.8  Timing Requirements
    9. 8.9  Switching Characteristics
    10. 8.10 Typical Characteristics
  9. Parameter Measurement Information
  10. 10Detailed Description
    1. 10.1 Overview
    2. 10.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 10.3 Feature Description
      1. 10.3.1  VSUP Pin
      2. 10.3.2  VIO Pin
      3. 10.3.3  VCC Pin
      4. 10.3.4  GND
      5. 10.3.5  INH/LIMP Pin
      6. 10.3.6  WAKE Pin
      7. 10.3.7  TXD Pin
      8. 10.3.8  RXD Pin
      9. 10.3.9  SDO/nINT Interrupt Pin
      10. 10.3.10 nCS Pin
      11. 10.3.11 SCLK
      12. 10.3.12 SDI
      13. 10.3.13 CANH and CANL Bus Pins
    4. 10.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 10.4.1 Normal Mode
      2. 10.4.2 Standby Mode
      3. 10.4.3 Listen Only Mode
      4. 10.4.4 Sleep Mode
        1. 10.4.4.1 Bus Wake via RXD Request (BWRR) in Sleep Mode
        2. 10.4.4.2 Local Wake Up (LWU) via WAKE Input Terminal
      5. 10.4.5 Selective Wake-up
        1. 10.4.5.1 Selective Wake Mode (TCAN1145-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
        2. 10.4.5.2 Frame Detection (TCAN1145-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
        3. 10.4.5.3 Wake Up Frame (WUF) Validation (TCAN1145-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
        4. 10.4.5.4 WUF ID Validation (TCAN1145-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
        5. 10.4.5.5 WUF DLC Validation (TCAN1145-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
        6. 10.4.5.6 WUF Data Validation (TCAN1145-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
        7. 10.4.5.7 Frame error counter (TCAN1145-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
        8. 10.4.5.8 CAN FD Frame Tolerance (TCAN1145-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
      6. 10.4.6 Fail-safe Features
        1. 10.4.6.1 Sleep Mode via Sleep Wake Error
        2. 10.4.6.2 Fail-safe Mode
      7. 10.4.7 Protection Features
        1. 10.4.7.1 Driver and Receiver Function
        2. 10.4.7.2 Floating Terminals
        3. 10.4.7.3 TXD Dominant Time Out (DTO)
        4. 10.4.7.4 CAN Bus Short Circuit Current Limiting
        5. 10.4.7.5 Thermal Shutdown
        6. 10.4.7.6 Under/Over Voltage Lockout (UVLO) and Unpowered Device
          1. 10.4.7.6.1 UVSUP, UVCC
          2. 10.4.7.6.2 UVIO
            1. 10.4.7.6.2.1 Fault Behavior
        7. 10.4.7.7 Watchdog (TCAN1144-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
          1. 10.4.7.7.1 Watchdog Error Counter
          2. 10.4.7.7.2 Watchdog SPI Control Programming
          3. 10.4.7.7.3 Watchdog Timing
          4. 10.4.7.7.4 Question and Answer Watchdog
            1. 10.4.7.7.4.1 WD Question and Answer Basic information
            2. 10.4.7.7.4.2 Question and Answer Register and Settings
            3. 10.4.7.7.4.3 WD Question and Answer Value Generation
          5. 10.4.7.7.5 Question and Answer WD Example
            1. 10.4.7.7.5.1 Example configuration for desired behavior
            2. 10.4.7.7.5.2 Example of performing a question and answer sequence
      8. 10.4.8 Bus Fault Detection and Communication (TCAN1144-Q1 and TCAN1146-Q1)
      9. 10.4.9 SPI Communication
        1. 10.4.9.1 Chip Select Not (nCS):
        2. 10.4.9.2 SPI Clock Input (SCLK):
        3. 10.4.9.3 SPI Serial Data Input (SDI):
        4. 10.4.9.4 SPI Serial Data Output (SDO):
    5. 10.5 Programming
    6. 10.6 Register Maps
      1. 10.6.1  DEVICE_ID_y Register (Address = 0h + formula) [reset = value]
      2. 10.6.2  REV_ID_MAJOR Register (Address = 8h) [reset = 01h]
      3. 10.6.3  REV_ID_MINOR Register (Address = 9h) [reset = 00h]
      4. 10.6.4  SPI_RSVD_x Register (Address = Ah + formula) [reset = 00h]
      5. 10.6.5  Scratch_Pad_SPI Register (Address = Fh) [reset = 00h]
      6. 10.6.6  MODE_CNTRL Register (Address = 10h) [reset = 04h]
      7. 10.6.7  WAKE_PIN_CONFIG Register (Address = 11h) [reset = 4h]
      8. 10.6.8  PIN_CONFIG Register (Address = 12h) [reset = 00h]
      9. 10.6.9  WD_CONFIG_1 Register (Address = 13h) [reset = 15h]
      10. 10.6.10 WD_CONFIG_2 Register (Address = 14h) [reset = 02h]
      11. 10.6.11 WD_INPUT_TRIG Register (Address = 15h) [reset = 00h]
      12. 10.6.12 WD_RST_PULSE Register (Address = 16h) [reset = 07h]
      13. 10.6.13 FSM_CONFIG Register (Address = 17h) [reset = 00h]
      14. 10.6.14 FSM_CNTR Register (Address = 18h) [reset = 00h]
      15. 10.6.15 DEVICE_RST Register (Address = 19h) [reset = 00h]
      16. 10.6.16 DEVICE_CONFIG1 Register (Address = 1Ah) [reset = 00h]
      17. 10.6.17 DEVICE_CONFIG2 Register (Address = 1Bh) [reset = 0h]
      18. 10.6.18 SWE_DIS Register (Address 1Ch) [reset = 04h]
      19. 10.6.19 SDO_CONFIG Register (Address = 29h) [reset = 00h]
      20. 10.6.20 WD_QA_CONFIG Register (Address = 2Dh) [reset = 00h]
      21. 10.6.21 WD_QA_ANSWER Register (Address = 2Eh) [reset = 00h]
      22. 10.6.22 WD_QA_QUESTION Register (Address = 2Fh) [reset = 00h]
      23. 10.6.23 SW_ID1 Register (Address = 30h) [reset = 00h]
      24. 10.6.24 SW_ID2 Register (Address = 31h) [reset = 00h]
      25. 10.6.25 SW_ID3 Register (Address = 32h) [reset = 00h]
      26. 10.6.26 SW_ID4 Register (Address = 33h) [reset = 00h]
      27. 10.6.27 SW_ID_MASK1 Register (Address = 34h) [reset = 00h]
      28. 10.6.28 SW_ID_MASK2 Register (Address = 35h) [reset = 00h]
      29. 10.6.29 SW_ID_MASK3 Register (Address = 36h) [reset = 00h]
      30. 10.6.30 SW_ID_MASK4 Register (Address = 37h) [reset = 00h]
      31. 10.6.31 SW_ID_MASK_DLC Register (Address = 38h) [reset = 00h]
      32. 10.6.32 DATA_y Register (Address = 39h + formula) [reset = 00h]
      33. 10.6.33 SW_RSVD_y Register (Address = 41h + formula) [reset = 00h]
      34. 10.6.34 SW_CONFIG_1 Register (Address = 44h) [reset = 50h]
      35. 10.6.35 SW_CONFIG_2 Register (Address = 45h) [reset = 00h]
      36. 10.6.36 SW_CONFIG_3 Register (Address = 46h) [reset = 1Fh]
      37. 10.6.37 SW_CONFIG_4 Register (Address = 47h) [reset = 00h]
      38. 10.6.38 SW_CONFIG_RSVD_y Register (Address = 48h + formula) [reset = 00h]
      39. 10.6.39 INT_GLOBAL Register (Address = 50h) [reset = 00h]
      40. 10.6.40 INT_1 Register (Address = 51h) [reset = 00h]
      41. 10.6.41 INT_2 Register (Address = 52h) [reset = 40h]
      42. 10.6.42 INT_3 Register (Address 53h) [reset = 00h]
      43. 10.6.43 INT_CANBUS Register (Address = 54h) [reset = 00h]
      44. 10.6.44 INT_GLOBAL_ENABLE (Address = 55h) [reset = 00h]
      45. 10.6.45 INT_ENABLE_1 Register (Address = 56h) [reset = FFh]
      46. 10.6.46 INT_ENABLE_2 Register (Address = 57h) [reset = 1Fh]
      47. 10.6.47 INT_ENABLE_3 Register (Address = 58h) [reset = 0h]
      48. 10.6.48 INT_ENABLE_CANBUS Register (Address = 59h) [reset = 7Fh]
      49. 10.6.49 INT_RSVD_y Register (Address = 5Ah + formula) [reset = 00h]
  11. 11Application Information Disclaimer
    1. 11.1 Application Information
      1. 11.1.1 BUS Loading, Length and Number of Nodes
      2. 11.1.2 CAN Termination
        1. 11.1.2.1 Termination
        2. 11.1.2.2 CAN Bus Biasing
    2. 11.2 Typical Application
      1. 11.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 11.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. 11.2.2.1 Brownout
      3. 11.2.3 Application Curves
  12. 12Power Supply Recommendations
  13. 13Layout
    1. 13.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 13.2 Layout Example
  14. 14Device and Documentation Support
    1. 14.1 Documentation Support
      1. 14.1.1 CAN Transceiver Physical Layer Standards:
      2. 14.1.2 EMC Requirements:
      3. 14.1.3 Conformance Test Requirements:
      4. 14.1.4 Related Documentation
    2. 14.2 Related Links
    3. 14.3 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    4. 14.4 Support Resources
    5. 14.5 Trademarks
    6. 14.6 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    7. 14.7 Glossary
  15. 15Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

CAN Bus Short Circuit Current Limiting

These devices have several protection features that limit the short circuit current when a CAN bus line is shorted. These include CAN driver current limiting (dominant and recessive). The device has TXD dominant time out which prevents permanently having the higher short circuit current of dominant state for a system fault. During CAN communication the bus switches between dominant and recessive states; thus, the short circuit current may be viewed either as the current during each bus state or as a DC average current. For system current and power considerations in the termination resistors and common mode choke ratings the average short circuit current should be used. The percentage dominant is limited by the TXD dominant time out and CAN protocol which has forced state changes and recessive bits such as bit stuffing, control fields, and inter frame space. These ensure there is a minimum recessive amount of time on the bus even if the data field contains a high percentage of dominant bits.

Note:

The short circuit current of the bus depends on the ratio of recessive to dominant bits and their respective short circuit currents. The average short circuit current may be calculated using Equation 1.

Equation 1. IOS(AVG) = %Transmit x [(%REC_Bits x IOS(SS)_REC) + (%DOM_Bits x IOS(SS)_DOM)] + [%Receive x IOS(SS)_REC]

Where

  • IOS(AVG) is the average short circuit current.
  • %Transmit is the percentage the node is transmitting CAN messages.
  • %Receive is the percentage the node is receiving CAN messages.
  • %REC_Bits is the percentage of recessive bits in the transmitted CAN messages.
  • %DOM_Bits is the percentage of dominant bits in the transmitted CAN messages.
  • IOS(SS)_REC is the recessive steady state short circuit current and IOS(SS)_DOM is the dominant steady state short circuit current.

Note:

The short circuit current and possible fault cases of the network should be taken into consideration when sizing the power ratings of the termination resistance, other network components, and the power supply used to generate VSUP.