The TPIC1021 is the LIN (Local Interconnect Network) physical interface, which integrates
the serial transceiver with wake up and protection features. The LIN bus is a single wire,
bi-directional bus typically used for low-speed in-vehicle networks using baud rates between 2.4
kbps and 20 kbps.
The LIN bus has two logical values: the dominant state (voltage near ground) represents a
logic 0 and the recessive state (voltage near battery) and represents logic 1.
In the recessive state the LIN bus is pulled high by the TPIC1021’s internal pull-up
resistor (30 kΩ) and series diode, so no external pullup components are required for slave
applications. Master applications require an external pullup resistor (1 Ω) plus a series
The LIN Protocol output data stream on the TXD pin is converted by the TPIC1021 into the
LIN bus signal through a current limited, wave-shaping low-side driver with control as outlined by
the LIN Physical Layer Specification Revision 2.0. The receiver converts the data stream from the
LIN bus and outputs the data stream via the RXD pin.
In Low Power mode, the TPIC1021 requires very low quiescent current even though the
wake-up circuits remain active allowing for remote wake up via the LIN bus or local wake ups via
NWake or EN pins.
The TPIC1021 has been designed for operation in the harsh automotive environment. The
device can handle LIN bus voltage swing from 40 V down to ground and survive –40 V. The device also
prevents back feed current through the LIN pin to the supply input in case of a ground shift or
supply voltage disconnection. It also features under-voltage, over temperature, and loss of ground
protection. In the event of a fault condition the output is immediately switched off and remains
off until the fault condition is removed.