SNVSB29C October   2018  – June 2021 LM5143-Q1


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Description (continued)
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1. 6.1 Wettable Flanks
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4 Thermal Information
    5. 7.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 7.6 Switching Characteristics
    7. 7.7 Typical Characteristics
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1  Input Voltage Range (VIN)
      2. 8.3.2  High-Voltage Bias Supply Regulator (VCC, VCCX, VDDA)
      3. 8.3.3  Enable (EN1, EN2)
      4. 8.3.4  Power Good Monitor (PG1, PG2)
      5. 8.3.5  Switching Frequency (RT)
      6. 8.3.6  Clock Synchronization (DEMB)
      7. 8.3.7  Synchronization Out (SYNCOUT)
      8. 8.3.8  Spread Spectrum Frequency Modulation (DITH)
      9. 8.3.9  Configurable Soft Start (SS1, SS2)
      10. 8.3.10 Output Voltage Setpoint (FB1, FB2)
      11. 8.3.11 Minimum Controllable On-Time
      12. 8.3.12 Error Amplifier and PWM Comparator (FB1, FB2, COMP1, COMP2)
      13. 8.3.13 Slope Compensation
      14. 8.3.14 Inductor Current Sense (CS1, VOUT1, CS2, VOUT2)
        1. Shunt Current Sensing
        2. Inductor DCR Current Sensing
      15. 8.3.15 Hiccup Mode Current Limiting (RES)
      16. 8.3.16 High-Side and Low-Side Gate Drivers (HO1/2, LO1/2, HOL1/2, LOL1/2)
      17. 8.3.17 Output Configurations (MODE, FB2)
        1. Independent Dual-Output Operation
        2. Single-Output Interleaved Operation
        3. Single-Output Multiphase Operation
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 Standby Modes
      2. 8.4.2 Diode Emulation Mode
      3. 8.4.3 Thermal Shutdown
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
      1. 9.1.1 Power Train Components
        1. Buck Inductor
        2. Output Capacitors
        3. Input Capacitors
        4. Power MOSFETs
        5. EMI Filter
      2. 9.1.2 Error Amplifier and Compensation
    2. 9.2 Typical Applications
      1. 9.2.1 Design 1 – High Efficiency, Dual-Output Buck Regulator for Automotive Applications
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedure
          1. Custom Design With WEBENCH® Tools
          2. Custom Design With Excel Quickstart Tool
          3. Inductor Calculation
          4. Current-Sense Resistance
          5. Output Capacitors
          6. Input Capacitors
          7. Compensation Components
        3. Application Curves
      2. 9.2.2 Design 2 – Two-Phase, Single-Output Buck Regulator for Automotive ADAS Applications
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Detailed Design Procedures
        3. Application Curves
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
      1. 11.1.1 Power Stage Layout
      2. 11.1.2 Gate-Drive Layout
      3. 11.1.3 PWM Controller Layout
      4. 11.1.4 Thermal Design and Layout
      5. 11.1.5 Ground Plane Design
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Device Support
      1. 12.1.1 Third-Party Products Disclaimer
      2. 12.1.2 Development Support
      3. 12.1.3 Custom Design With WEBENCH® Tools
    2. 12.2 Documentation Support
      1. 12.2.1 Related Documentation
        1. PCB Layout Resources
        2. Thermal Design Resources
    3. 12.3 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    4. 12.4 Support Resources
    5. 12.5 Trademarks
    6. 12.6 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    7. 12.7 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Thermal Design and Layout

The useful operating temperature range of a PWM controller with integrated gate drivers and bias supply LDO regulator is greatly affected by the following:

  • Average gate drive current requirements of the power MOSFETs
  • Switching frequency
  • Operating input voltage (affecting bias regulator LDO voltage drop and hence its power dissipation)
  • Thermal characteristics of the package and operating environment

For a PWM controller to be useful over a particular temperature range, the package must allow for the efficient removal of the heat produced while keeping the junction temperature within rated limits. The LM5143-Q1 controller is available in a small 6-mm × 6-mm 40-pin VQFNP (RGW) PowerPAD package to cover a range of application requirements. Thermal Information summarizes the thermal metrics of this package.

The 40-pin VQFNP package offers a means of removing heat from the semiconductor die through the exposed thermal pad at the base of the package. While the exposed pad of the package is not directly connected to any leads of the package, it is thermally connected to the substrate of the LM5143-Q1 device (ground). This allows a significant improvement in heat sinking, and it becomes imperative that the PCB is designed with thermal lands, thermal vias, and a ground plane to complete the heat removal subsystem. The exposed pad of the LM5143-Q1 is soldered to the ground-connected copper land on the PCB directly underneath the device package, reducing the thermal resistance to a very low value.

Numerous vias with a 0.3-mm diameter connected from the thermal land to the internal and solder-side ground plane or planes are vital to help dissipation. In a multi-layer PCB design, a solid ground plane is typically placed on the PCB layer below the power components. Not only does this provide a plane for the power stage currents to flow but it also represents a thermally conductive path away from the heat generating devices.

The thermal characteristics of the MOSFETs also are significant. The drain pads of the high-side MOSFETs are normally connected to a VIN plane for heat sinking. The drain pads of the low-side MOSFETs are tied to the respective SW planes, but the SW plane area is purposely kept as small as possible to mitigate EMI concerns.