SNVSB29C October 2018 – June 2021 LM5143-Q1
The useful operating temperature range of a PWM controller with integrated gate drivers and bias supply LDO regulator is greatly affected by the following:
For a PWM controller to be useful over a particular temperature range, the package must allow for the efficient removal of the heat produced while keeping the junction temperature within rated limits. The LM5143-Q1 controller is available in a small 6-mm × 6-mm 40-pin VQFNP (RGW) PowerPAD package to cover a range of application requirements. Thermal Information summarizes the thermal metrics of this package.
The 40-pin VQFNP package offers a means of removing heat from the semiconductor die through the exposed thermal pad at the base of the package. While the exposed pad of the package is not directly connected to any leads of the package, it is thermally connected to the substrate of the LM5143-Q1 device (ground). This allows a significant improvement in heat sinking, and it becomes imperative that the PCB is designed with thermal lands, thermal vias, and a ground plane to complete the heat removal subsystem. The exposed pad of the LM5143-Q1 is soldered to the ground-connected copper land on the PCB directly underneath the device package, reducing the thermal resistance to a very low value.
Numerous vias with a 0.3-mm diameter connected from the thermal land to the internal and solder-side ground plane or planes are vital to help dissipation. In a multi-layer PCB design, a solid ground plane is typically placed on the PCB layer below the power components. Not only does this provide a plane for the power stage currents to flow but it also represents a thermally conductive path away from the heat generating devices.
The thermal characteristics of the MOSFETs also are significant. The drain pads of the high-side MOSFETs are normally connected to a VIN plane for heat sinking. The drain pads of the low-side MOSFETs are tied to the respective SW planes, but the SW plane area is purposely kept as small as possible to mitigate EMI concerns.