SLVS074H January   1983  – March 2017 TL494

PRODUCTION DATA.  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Simplified Block Diagram
  5. Revision History
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1  Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2  ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3  Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4  Thermal Information
    5. 7.5  Electrical Characteristics, Reference Section
    6. 7.6  Electrical Characteristics, Oscillator Section
    7. 7.7  Electrical Characteristics, Error-Amplifier Section
    8. 7.8  Electrical Characteristics, Output Section
    9. 7.9  Electrical Characteristics, Dead-Time Control Section
    10. 7.10 Electrical Characteristics, PWM Comparator Section
    11. 7.11 Electrical Characteristics, Total Device
    12. 7.12 Switching Characteristics
    13. 7.13 Typical Characteristics
  8. Parameter Measurement Information
  9. Detailed Description
    1. 9.1 Overview
    2. 9.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 9.3 Feature Description
      1. 9.3.1 5-V Reference Regulator
      2. 9.3.2 Oscillator
      3. 9.3.3 Dead-time Control
      4. 9.3.4 Comparator
      5. 9.3.5 Pulse-Width Modulation (PWM)
      6. 9.3.6 Error Amplifiers
      7. 9.3.7 Output-Control Input
      8. 9.3.8 Output Transistors
    4. 9.4 Device Functional Modes
  10. 10Application and Implementation
    1. 10.1 Application Information
    2. 10.2 Typical Application
      1. 10.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 10.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. 10.2.2.1 Input Power Source
        2. 10.2.2.2 Control Circuits
          1. 10.2.2.2.1 Oscillator
          2. 10.2.2.2.2 Error Amplifier
          3. 10.2.2.2.3 Current-Limiting Amplifier
          4. 10.2.2.2.4 Soft Start and Dead Time
        3. 10.2.2.3 Inductor Calculations
        4. 10.2.2.4 Output Capacitance Calculations
        5. 10.2.2.5 Transistor Power-Switch Calculations
      3. 10.2.3 Application Curves for Output Characteristics
  11. 11Power Supply Recommendations
  12. 12Layout
    1. 12.1 Layout Guidelines
      1. 12.1.1 Feedback Traces
      2. 12.1.2 Input/Output Capacitors
      3. 12.1.3 Compensation Components
      4. 12.1.4 Traces and Ground Planes
    2. 12.2 Layout Example
  13. 13Device and Documentation Support
    1. 13.1 Glossary
  14. 14Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Features

  • Complete PWM Power-Control Circuitry
  • Uncommitted Outputs for 200-mA Sink or
    Source Current
  • Output Control Selects Single-Ended or
    Push-Pull Operation
  • Internal Circuitry Prohibits Double Pulse at
    Either Output
  • Variable Dead Time Provides Control Over
    Total Range
  • Internal Regulator Provides a Stable 5-V Reference Supply With 5% Tolerance
  • Circuit Architecture Allows Easy Synchronization

Applications

  • Desktop PCs
  • Microwave Ovens
  • Power Supplies: AC/DC, Isolated,
    With PFC, > 90 W
  • Server PSUs
  • Solar Micro-Inverters
  • Washing Machines: Low-End and High-End
  • E-Bikes
  • Power Supplies: AC/DC, Isolated,
    No PFC, < 90 W
  • Power: Telecom/Server AC/DC Supplies:
    Dual Controller: Analog
  • Smoke Detectors
  • Solar Power Inverters

Description

The TL494 device incorporates all the functions required in the construction of a pulse-width-modulation (PWM) control circuit on a single chip. Designed primarily for power-supply control, this device offers the flexibility to tailor the power-supply control circuitry to a specific application.

The TL494 device contains two error amplifiers, an on-chip adjustable oscillator, a dead-time control (DTC) comparator, a pulse-steering control flip-flop, a 5-V, 5%-precision regulator, and output-control circuits.

The error amplifiers exhibit a common-mode voltage range from –0.3 V to VCC – 2 V. The dead-time control comparator has a fixed offset that provides approximately 5% dead time. The on-chip oscillator can be bypassed by terminating RT to the reference output and providing a sawtooth input to CT, or it can drive the common circuits in synchronous multiple-rail power supplies.

The uncommitted output transistors provide either common-emitter or emitter-follower output capability. The TL494 device provides for push-pull or single-ended output operation, which can be selected through the output-control function. The architecture of this device prohibits the possibility of either output being pulsed twice during push-pull operation.

The TL494C device is characterized for operation from 0°C to 70°C. The TL494I device is characterized for operation from –40°C to 85°C.

Device Information(1)

PART NUMBER PACKAGE (PIN) BODY SIZE
TL494 SOIC (16) 9.90 mm × 3.91 mm
PDIP (16) 19.30 mm × 6.35 mm
SOP (16) 10.30 mm × 5.30 mm
TSSOP (16) 5.00 mm × 4.40 mm
  1. For all available packages, see the orderable addendum at the end of the data sheet.

Simplified Block Diagram

TL494 pinout_w_internal_slvs074.gif