SLOS758G December 2011 – March 2020 TRF7963A
Place ground vias as close as possible to the ground side of the capacitors and reader IC pins to minimize any possible ground loops.
It is not recommend using any inductor sizes below 0603 as the output power can be compromised. If smaller sized inductors are absolutely necessary, the designer must confirm output performance.
Pay close attention to the required load capacitance of the used crystal and adjust the two external shunt capacitors accordingly. Follow the recommendations of the crystal manufacturer for those values.
There should be a common ground plane for the digital and analog sections. The multiple ground sections or "islands" should have vias that tie the different sections of the planes together.
Ensure that the exposed thermal pad at the center of the IC is properly laid out. It should be tied to ground to help dissipate heat from the package.
Trace line lengths should be minimized whenever possible, particularly the RF output path, crystal connections, and control lines from the reader to the microprocessor. Proper placement of the TRF7963A, microprocessor, crystal, and RF connection/connector help facilitate this.
Avoid crossing of digital lines under RF signal lines. Also, avoid crossing of digital lines with other digital lines whenever possible. If the crossings are unavoidable, 90° crossings should be used to minimize coupling of the lines.
Depending on the production test plan, the designer should consider possible implementations of test pads or test vias for use during testing. The necessary pads and vias should be placed in accordance with the proposed test plan to help enable easy access to those test points.
If the system implementation is complex (for example, if the RFID reader module is a subsystem of a larger system with other modules such as Bluetooth®, Wi-Fi®, microprocessors, and clocks), special considerations should be taken to ensure that there is no noise coupling into the supply lines. If needed, special filtering or regulator considerations should be used to minimize or eliminate noise in these systems.
For more information and details on layout considerations, see the TRF796x HF-RFID Reader Layout Design Guide.