SLUS223G April   1997  – July 2022 UC1842 , UC1843 , UC1844 , UC1845 , UC2842 , UC2843 , UC2844 , UC2845 , UC3842 , UC3843 , UC3844 , UC3845


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Device Comparison Table
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4 Thermal Information
    5. 7.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 7.6 Typical Characteristics
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagrams
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1  Detailed Pin Description
        1. COMP
        2. VFB
        3. ISENSE
        4. RT/CT
        5. GROUND
        6. OUTPUT
        7. VCC
        8. VREF
      2. 8.3.2  Pulse-by-Pulse Current Limiting
      3. 8.3.3  Current-Sense
      4. 8.3.4  Error Amplifier With Low Output Resistance
      5. 8.3.5  Undervoltage Lockout
      6. 8.3.6  Oscillator
      7. 8.3.7  Synchronization
      8. 8.3.8  Shutdown Technique
      9. 8.3.9  Slope Compensation
      10. 8.3.10 Soft Start
      11. 8.3.11 Voltage Mode
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 Normal Operation
      2. 8.4.2 UVLO Mode
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
      1. 9.1.1 Open-Loop Test Fixture
    2. 9.2 Typical Application
      1. 9.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 9.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1.  Input Bulk Capacitor and Minimum Bulk Voltage
        2.  Transformer Turns Ratio and Maximum Duty Cycle
        3.  Transformer Inductance and Peak Currents
        4.  Output Capacitor
        5.  Current Sensing Network
        6.  Gate Drive Resistor
        7.  VREF Capacitor
        8.  RT/CT
        9.  Start-Up Circuit
        10. Voltage Feedback Compensation
          1. Power Stage Poles and Zeroes
          2. Slope Compensation
          3. Open-Loop Gain
          4. Compensation Loop
      3. 9.2.3 Application Curves
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
      1. 11.1.1 Feedback Traces
      2. 11.1.2 Bypass Capacitors
      3. 11.1.3 Compensation Components
      4. 11.1.4 Traces and Ground Planes
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    2. 12.2 Support Resources
    3. 12.3 Trademarks
    4. 12.4 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    5. 12.5 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Traces and Ground Planes

Make all of the power (high current) traces as short, direct, and thick as possible. It is good practice on a standard PCB board to make the traces an absolute minimum of 15 mils (0.381 mm) per Ampere. The inductor, output capacitors, and output diode should be as close to each other possible. This helps reduce the EMI radiated by the power traces due to the high switching currents through them. This also reduces lead inductance and resistance as well, which in turn reduces noise spikes, ringing, and resistive losses that produce voltage errors.

The grounds of the IC, input capacitors, output capacitors, and output diode (if applicable) should be connected close together directly to a ground plane. It would also be a good idea to have a ground plane on both sides of the PCB. This reduces noise as well by reducing ground loop errors as well as by absorbing more of the EMI radiated by the inductor. For multi-layer boards with more than two layers, a ground plane can be used to separate the power plane (where the power traces and components are) and the signal plane (where the feedback and compensation and components are) for improved performance. On multi-layer boards the use of vias is required to connect traces and different planes. It is good practice to use one standard via per 200 mA of current if the trace needs to conduct a significant amount of current from one plane to the other.

Arrange the components so that the switching current loops curl in the same direction. Due to the way switching regulators operate, there are two power states. One state when the switch is on and one when the switch is off. During each state there is a current loop made by the power components that are currently conducting. Place the power components so that during each of the two states the current loop is conducting in the same direction. This prevents magnetic field reversal caused by the traces between the two half-cycles and reduces radiated EMI.