SNVSBJ0A December   2019  – June 2020 LM5170

PRODUCTION DATA.  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
    1.     Device Images
      1.      Simplified Application Circuit
      2.      Channel Current Tracking ISETA Command
  4. Revision History
  5. Description (continued)
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4 Thermal Information
    5. 7.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 7.6 Typical Characteristics
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1  Bias Supply (VCC, VCCA)
      2. 8.3.2  Undervoltage Lockout (UVLO) and Master Enable or Disable
      3. 8.3.3  High Voltage Input (VIN, VINX)
      4. 8.3.4  Current Sense Amplifier
      5. 8.3.5  Control Commands
        1. 8.3.5.1 Channel Enable Commands (EN1, EN2)
        2. 8.3.5.2 Direction Command (DIR)
        3. 8.3.5.3 Channel Current Setting Commands (ISETA or ISETD)
      6. 8.3.6  Channel Current Monitor (IOUT1, IOUT2)
      7. 8.3.7  Cycle-by-Cycle Peak Current Limit (IPK)
      8. 8.3.8  Error Amplifier
      9. 8.3.9  Ramp Generator
      10. 8.3.10 Soft Start
        1. 8.3.10.1 Soft-Start Control by the SS Pin
        2. 8.3.10.2 Soft Start by MCU Through the ISET Pin
        3. 8.3.10.3 The SS Pin as the Restart Timer
      11. 8.3.11 Gate Drive Outputs, Dead Time Programming and Adaptive Dead Time (HO1, HO2, LO1, LO2, DT)
      12. 8.3.12 PWM Comparator
      13. 8.3.13 Oscillator (OSC)
      14. 8.3.14 Synchronization to an External Clock (SYNCIN, SYNCOUT)
      15. 8.3.15 Diode Emulation
      16. 8.3.16 Power MOSFET Failure Detection and Failure Protection (nFAULT, BRKG, BRKS)
        1. 8.3.16.1 Failure Detection Selection at the SYNCOUT Pin
        2. 8.3.16.2 Nominal Circuit Breaker Function
      17. 8.3.17 Overvoltage Protection (OVPA, OVPB)
        1. 8.3.17.1 HV-V- Port OVP (OVPA)
        2. 8.3.17.2 LV-Port OVP (OVPB)
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 Multiphase Configurations (SYNCOUT, OPT)
        1. 8.4.1.1 Multiphase in Star Configuration
        2. 8.4.1.2 Configuration of 2, 3, or 4 Phases in Master-Slave Daisy-Chain Configurations
        3. 8.4.1.3 Configuration of 6 or 8 Phases in Master-Slave Daisy-Chain Configurations
      2. 8.4.2 Multiphase Total Current Monitoring
    5. 8.5 Programming
      1. 8.5.1 Dynamic Dead Time Adjustment
      2. 8.5.2 Optional UVLO Programming
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
      1. 9.1.1 Typical Key Waveforms
        1. 9.1.1.1 Typical Power-Up Sequence
        2. 9.1.1.2 One to Eight Phase Programming
      2. 9.1.2 Inner Current Loop Small Signal Models
        1. 9.1.2.1 Small Signal Model
        2. 9.1.2.2 Inner Current Loop Compensation
      3. 9.1.3 Compensating for the Non-Ideal Current Sense Resistor
      4. 9.1.4 Outer Voltage Loop Control
    2. 9.2 Typical Application
      1. 9.2.1 60-A, Dual-Phase, 48-V to 12-V Bidirectional Converter
        1. 9.2.1.1 Design Requirements
        2. 9.2.1.2 Detailed Design Procedure
          1. 9.2.1.2.1  Determining the Duty Cycle
          2. 9.2.1.2.2  Oscillator Programming
          3. 9.2.1.2.3  Power Inductor, RMS and Peak Currents
          4. 9.2.1.2.4  Current Sense (RCS)
          5. 9.2.1.2.5  Current Setting Limits (ISETA or ISETD)
          6. 9.2.1.2.6  Peak Current Limit
          7. 9.2.1.2.7  Power MOSFETS
          8. 9.2.1.2.8  Bias Supply
          9. 9.2.1.2.9  Boot Strap
          10. 9.2.1.2.10 RAMP Generators
          11. 9.2.1.2.11 OVP
          12. 9.2.1.2.12 Dead Time
          13. 9.2.1.2.13 IOUT Monitors
          14. 9.2.1.2.14 UVLO Pin Usage
          15. 9.2.1.2.15 VIN Pin Configuration
          16. 9.2.1.2.16 Loop Compensation
          17. 9.2.1.2.17 Soft Start
          18. 9.2.1.2.18 ISET Pins
        3. 9.2.1.3 Application Curves
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Examples
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Device Support
      1. 12.1.1 Development Support
    2. 12.2 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    3. 12.3 Support Resources
    4. 12.4 Trademarks
    5. 12.5 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    6. 12.6 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Inner Current Loop Compensation

Equation 24 indicates that the power plant is basically a first-order system. A Type-II compensator as shown in Figure 50 is adequate to stabilize the loop for both buck and boost mode operations.

Assuming the output impedance of the gm amplifier is RGM, the gain from the inductor to the output of gm amplifier is determined by Equation 25:

Equation 25. LM5170 eq_25_SNVSAQ6.gif

where

  • the coefficient 50 is the current sense amplifier gain;
  • Gm is the transconductance of the gm error amplifier, which is 1 mA/V;
  • ZCOMP(s) is the equivalent impedance of the compensation network seen at the COMP pin (see Equation 26)
Equation 26. LM5170 eq_26_SNVSAQ6.gif

Usually CHF is << CCOMP. Thus Equation 26 can be simplified to Equation 27:

Equation 27. LM5170 eq_27_SNVSAQ6.gif

Because RGM is > 5 MegΩ, and the frequency range for loop compensation is usually above a few kHz, the effects of RGM on the loop gain in the interested frequency range becomes negligible. Therefore, substituting Equation 28 into Equation 25, and neglecting RGM, one can get the following:

Equation 28. LM5170 eq_28_SNVSAQ6.gif

The total open-loop gain of the inner current loop is the product of H(s) and G(s):

Equation 29. LM5170 eq_29_SNVSAQ6.gif

Or:

Equation 30. LM5170 eq_30_SNVSAQ6.gif

The poles and zeros of the total loop transfer function are determined by:

Equation 31. LM5170 eq_31_SNVSAQ6.gif
Equation 32. LM5170 eq_32_SNVSAQ6.gif
Equation 33. LM5170 eq_33_SNVSAQ6.gif
Equation 34. LM5170 eq_34_SNVSAQ6.gif

To tailor the total inner current loop gain to cross over at fCO, select the components of the compensation network according to the following guidelines, then fine tune the network for optimal loop performance.

  1. The zero fz is placed at the power stage pole fp2,
  2. The pole fp3 is placed at approximately two decade higher then fCO,
  3. The total open-loop gain is set to unity at fCO, namely,

Equation 35. LM5170 eq_35_SNVSAQ6.gif

Therefore, the compensation components can be derived from the above equations, as shown in Equation 36.

Equation 36. LM5170 eq_36_SNVSAQ6.gif