TIDUEO0C July   2019  – March 2021


  1.   Description
  2.   Resources
  3.   Features
  4.   Applications
  5.   5
  6. 1System Description
    1. 1.1 Key System Specifications
  7. 2System Overview
    1. 2.1 Block Diagram
    2. 2.2 Design Considerations
    3. 2.3 Highlighted Products
      1. 2.3.1 TPS63900: 1.8V-5.5 VIN Buck-Boost Converter With 75-nA Ultra-low Quiescent Current and 400-mA Output Current
      2. 2.3.2 TPS610995: 0.7 VIN Synchronous Boost Converter With 400-nA Ultra-low Quiescent Current and 1-A Peak Current
      3. 2.3.3 TPS62840: 750-mA Synchronous Step-Down Converter With Ultra-low Quiescent Current Consumption
    4. 2.4 System Design Theory
      1. 2.4.1 Battery Gauge BQ35100
      2. 2.4.2 In-System Current Monitoring
        1. Resistor Values Calculation for the two Current Ranges
        2. LPV521 Gain Calculation
        3. Current Ranges Simulation With TINA-TI
        4. Key ADS7142 Register Settings in TIDA-01546 Firmware
          1. ADS7142 Sampling Rate
      3. 2.4.3 NB-IoT Module From u-blox
      4. 2.4.4 NB-IoT Module From Quectel
  8. 3Hardware, Software, Testing Requirements, and Test Results
    1. 3.1 Required Hardware
      1. 3.1.1 Testing TIDA-010053
      2. 3.1.2 TPS62840 Subsystem
      3. 3.1.3 TPS610995 Subsystem
      4. 3.1.4 Software
    2. 3.2 Testing and Results
      1. 3.2.1 Test Setup
      2. 3.2.2 Test Results
        1. Test Results With the TPS62840 Buck Converter
        2. Test Results With the TPS610995 Boost Converter
        3. Test Results With the TPS63900 Buck-Boost Converter NB
        4. Summary
  9. 4Design Files
    1. 4.1 Schematics
    2. 4.2 Bill of Materials
    3. 4.3 PCB Layout Recommendations
      1. 4.3.1 Layout Prints
    4. 4.4 Altium Project
    5. 4.5 Gerber Files
    6. 4.6 Assembly Drawings
  10. 5Software Files
  11. 6Related Documentation
    1. 6.1 Trademarks
  12. 7Terminology
  13. 8About the Author
  14. 9Revision History

Test Results With the TPS610995 Boost Converter

The bump in the voltage and SOH curve around 60,000 transmissions is a result of the test set up being disturbed, giving the battery time to relax, which is visible through the voltage rising.
Figure 3-10 TPS610995 Boost Battery Discharge Graph (1s Configuration)

Figure 3-10 highlights how using this power solution for an NB-IoT module, 61,000 transmissions (taken at 10% SOH) can be supported. Similarly to the buck converter discharge data, stand-by current will play an added role in a field application, in addition to the 250-mA pulses. Refer to Section for analysis on battery lifetime estimations for this topology.

As detailed in Section, the BQ35100 device will perform best once the cell voltage starts decreasing more meaningfully. This can be observed around the midpoint at 35,000 transmissions where SOH equates to 50%, then the SOH reading becomes roughly linear and hones in on 0% SOH. See the FDK Lithium CR17500EP LiMnO2 Primary Battery Data Sheet to observe typical voltage discharge curves.

In this test, the TPS610995 device operates at VOUT = 3.6 V to power the NB-IoT modules. With a smaller voltage level difference between VIN and VOUT, it will deliver several percent points higher efficiency numbers than those in the data sheet plot.