This 16-bit I/O expander for the two-line bidirectional bus
(I2C) is designed for 2.3-V to 5.5-V VCC
operation. It provides general-purpose remote I/O expansion for most microcontroller families via
the I2C interface [serial clock (SCL), serial data (SDA)].
The PCA9535 consists of two 8-bit Configuration (input or output selection), Input Port,
Output Port, and Polarity Inversion (active-high or active-low operation) registers. At power on,
the I/Os are configured as inputs. The system master can enable the I/Os as either inputs or
outputs by writing to the I/O configuration bits. The data for each input or output is kept in the
corresponding Input or Output Port register. The polarity of the Input Port register can be
inverted with the Polarity Inversion register. All registers can be read by the system master.
The system master can reset the PCA9535 in the event of a timeout or other improper
operation by utilizing the power-on reset feature, which puts the registers in their default state
and initializes the I2C/SMBus state machine.
The PCA9535 open-drain interrupt (INT) output is activated when
any input state differs from its corresponding Input Port register state and is used to indicate to
the system master that an input state has changed.
INT can be connected to the interrupt input of a microcontroller.
By sending an interrupt signal on this line, the remote I/O can inform the microcontroller if there
is incoming data on its ports without having to communicate via the I2C
bus. Thus, the PCA9535 can remain a simple slave device.
The device outputs (latched) have high-current drive capability for directly driving
LEDs. The device has low current consumption.
Although pin-to-pin and I2C address compatible with the
PCF8575, software changes are required due to the enhancements.
The PCA9535 is identical to the PCA9555, except for the removal of the internal I/O
pullup resistor, which greatly reduces power consumption when the I/Os are held low.
Three hardware pins (A0, A1, and A2) are used to program and vary the fixed
I2C address and allow up to eight devices to share the same
I2C bus or SMBus. The fixed I2C address of
the PCA9535 is the same as the PCA9555, PCF8575, PCF8575C, and PCF8574, allowing up to eight of
these devices in any combination to share the same I2C bus or