Bulk capacitance sizing is an important factor in motor drive system design. It is beneficial to have more bulk capacitance, while the disadvantages are increased cost and physical size.
The amount of local capacitance needed depends on a variety of factors including:
The inductance between the power supply and motor drive system limits the rate that current can change from the power supply. If the local bulk capacitance is too small, the system responds to excessive current demands or dumps from the motor with a change in voltage. When sufficient bulk capacitance is used, the motor voltage remains stable, and high current can be quickly supplied.
The data sheet provides a recommended value, but system-level testing is required to determine the appropriate sized bulk capacitor.
The voltage rating for bulk capacitors should be higher than the operating voltage to provide a margin for cases when the motor transfers energy to the supply.