JAJSBK7H January 2012 – February 2018 DS125DF410
Register 0x0d, bit 5, Register 0x1e, bit 4, and Register 0x30, bit 3 and bits 1:0
The DS125DF410 includes an internal PRBS generator which can generate standard PRBS-9 and PRBS-31 bit sequences. The PRBS generator can produce a PRBS sequence that is synchronous to the incoming data signal, or it can generate a PRBS sequence using the internal free-running VCO as a clock. Both modes of operation are described in the paragraphs that follow.
To produce a PRBS sequence that is synchronized to the incoming data signal, the DS125DF410 must be locked to the incoming signal. When this is true, the signal detect is set and the channel is active. In addition, the VCO is locked to the incoming signal The VCO will remain locked to the incoming signal regardless of the state of the output multiplexer.
To activate the PRBS generator, first set bit 4 of register 0x1e. This bit enables the PRBS generator digital circuitry. Then reset the PRBS clock by clearing bit 3 of register 0x30. Select either PRBS-9 or PRBS-31 by setting bits 1:0 of register 0x30. Set this bit field to 0x0 for PRBS-9 and to 0x2 for PRBS-31. Then load the PRBS clock by setting bit 3 of register 0x30. Finally, enable the PRBS clock by setting bit 5 of register 0x0d. This sequence of register writes will enable the internal PRBS generator.
As described above, to select the PRBS generator as the output for the selected channel, set bit 5 of register 0x09, the output multiplexer override. Then write 0x4 to bits 7:5 of register 0x1e. This selects the PRBS generator for output.
For the case described above, the output PRBS sequence will be synchronous to the incoming data. There are two other cases of interest. The first is when there is an input signal but the PRBS sequence should not be synchronous to it. In other words, in this case it is desired that the VCO should free-run. The second case is when there is no input signal, but the PRBS sequence should still be output. Again, in this case, the VCO is free-running.
The register settings for these two cases are almost the same. The only difference is that, if there is no input signal, then the channel will be disabled and powered-down by default. In order to force enable the channel, write a 1 to bit 7 and a 0 to bit 6 of register 0x14. This forces the signal detect to be active and enables the selected channel.
The remainder of the register write sequence is designed to disable the phase-locked loop so that the VCO can free run.
First write a 1 to bit 3 of register 0x09, then 0x0 to bits 1:0 of register 0x1b. This disables the charge pump for the phase-locked loop.
Next write a 1 to bit 2 of register 0x09. This enables the VCO divider override. Then set the VCO divider ratio by writing to register 0x18 as shown in Table 7. For an output frequency of approximately 10.3125 GHz, set the divider ratio to 1 by writing 0x0 to bits 6:4 of register 0x18. Do not clear bit 3 when you write a 1 to bit 2 of register 0x09.
Now write a 1 to bit 7 of register 0x09. This enables the VCO CAP DAC override. Write the desired VCO cap count to register 0x08, bits 4:0. The mapping of VCO frequencies to cap count will vary somewhat from part to part. The VCO cap count should be set to 0x08 to yield an output VCO frequency of approximately 10.3125 GHz. Do not clear bits 3 and 2 when you write a 1 to bit 7 of register 0x09.
Now write a 1 to bit 6 of register 0x09. This enables the VCO LPF DAC which can generate a VCO control voltage internally to the DS125DF410. Once the LPF DAC is enabled, write the desired value of the LPF DAC output in register 0x1f, bits 4:0. For an output VCO frequency of approximately 10.3125 GHz, set the LPF DAC setting to 0x12. Do not clear the remaining bits of register 0x09 when you write a 1 to bit 6.
Now, as above, enable the PRBS generator and set it to the desired bit sequence, then select the output to be the PRBS generator by setting the output multiplexer. Notice that when this entire sequence has been completed, bits 7:2 of register 0x09 will all be set. The default value of register 0x09 is 0x00, so you can clear all the overrides when you are ready to return to normal operation by writing 0x00 to register 0x09.
The VCO frequency in free-run will vary somewhat from part to part. In order to determine exact values of the CAP DAC and LPF DAC settings, it will be necessary to directly measure the VCO frequency using some sort of frequency-measurement device such as a frequency counter or a spectrum analyzer. When the VCO is set to free-run mode as above, you can select the VCO I-clock (in-phase clock) to be the output as shown in Table 6. You can measure the frequency of the VCO I-clock while adjusting the CAP DAC and LPF DAC values until the VCO I-clock frequency is acceptable for your application. Then you can once again select the PRBS generator as the output using the output multiplexer selection field.