Product details

Number of series cells 1 Charge current (Max) (A) 1 Operating Vin (Max) (V) 5.5 Cell chemistry Li-Ion/Li-Polymer, Lithium Phosphate/LiFePO4 Battery charge voltage (Min) (V) 3.6 Battery charge voltage (Max) (V) 4.65 Absolute Vin (safety rating) (Max) ((V)) 25 Control interface I2C Features BAT temp thermistor monitoring (JEITA profile), IC thermal regulation, IINDPM (Input current limit), Input OVP, Power Path, VINDPM (Input voltage threshold to maximize adaptor power) Operating Vin (Min) (V) 3 Rating Catalog
Number of series cells 1 Charge current (Max) (A) 1 Operating Vin (Max) (V) 5.5 Cell chemistry Li-Ion/Li-Polymer, Lithium Phosphate/LiFePO4 Battery charge voltage (Min) (V) 3.6 Battery charge voltage (Max) (V) 4.65 Absolute Vin (safety rating) (Max) ((V)) 25 Control interface I2C Features BAT temp thermistor monitoring (JEITA profile), IC thermal regulation, IINDPM (Input current limit), Input OVP, Power Path, VINDPM (Input voltage threshold to maximize adaptor power) Operating Vin (Min) (V) 3 Rating Catalog
DSBGA (YBG) 8 1 mm² 1.04 x 1.59
  • 1-A Power path linear battery charger
    • 3.0-V to 5.9-V input voltage operating range optimized for battery to battery charging and USB adapter
    • 25-V tolerant input voltage
    • Configurable battery regulation voltage with 0.5% accuracy from 3.6 V to 4.65 V in 10-mV steps
    • 5-mA to 1-A configurable fast charge current
    • 55-mΩ battery FET ON resistance
    • Up to 2.5-A discharge current to support high system loads
    • Configurable termination current down to 0.5 mA
    • Configurable NTC charging profile thresholds including JEITA support
    • Power cycle and advanced reset mechanisms to recover system
  • Power path management for powering the system and charging the battery
    • Regulated system voltage (SYS) ranging from 4.4 V to 4.9 V in addition to battery voltage tracking and input pass-though options
    • Configurable input current limit
    • Selectable adapter or battery power for system
    • Dynamic power path management optimizes charging from weak adapters
  • Ultra low quiescent current modes
    • 15-nA Shutdown mode
    • 3.2-µA Ship mode with button press wake
    • 3 µA in Battery Only mode
    • 30-µA input adapter Iq in Sleep mode
  • One push-button wake-up and reset input
  • Integrated fault protection
    • Input overvoltage protection (VIN_OVP)
    • Battery undervoltage protection (VBUVLO)
    • Battery short protection (BATSC)
    • Battery overcurrent protection (BATOCP)
    • Input current limit protection (ILIM)
    • Thermal regulation (TREG) and thermal shutdown (TSHUT)
    • Battery thermal fault protection (TS)
    • Watchdog and safety timer fault
    • System short protection
    • System overvoltage protection
  • 1-A Power path linear battery charger
    • 3.0-V to 5.9-V input voltage operating range optimized for battery to battery charging and USB adapter
    • 25-V tolerant input voltage
    • Configurable battery regulation voltage with 0.5% accuracy from 3.6 V to 4.65 V in 10-mV steps
    • 5-mA to 1-A configurable fast charge current
    • 55-mΩ battery FET ON resistance
    • Up to 2.5-A discharge current to support high system loads
    • Configurable termination current down to 0.5 mA
    • Configurable NTC charging profile thresholds including JEITA support
    • Power cycle and advanced reset mechanisms to recover system
  • Power path management for powering the system and charging the battery
    • Regulated system voltage (SYS) ranging from 4.4 V to 4.9 V in addition to battery voltage tracking and input pass-though options
    • Configurable input current limit
    • Selectable adapter or battery power for system
    • Dynamic power path management optimizes charging from weak adapters
  • Ultra low quiescent current modes
    • 15-nA Shutdown mode
    • 3.2-µA Ship mode with button press wake
    • 3 µA in Battery Only mode
    • 30-µA input adapter Iq in Sleep mode
  • One push-button wake-up and reset input
  • Integrated fault protection
    • Input overvoltage protection (VIN_OVP)
    • Battery undervoltage protection (VBUVLO)
    • Battery short protection (BATSC)
    • Battery overcurrent protection (BATOCP)
    • Input current limit protection (ILIM)
    • Thermal regulation (TREG) and thermal shutdown (TSHUT)
    • Battery thermal fault protection (TS)
    • Watchdog and safety timer fault
    • System short protection
    • System overvoltage protection

The BQ25180 is a linear battery charger IC focusing on small solution size and low quiescent current for extending battery life. The device is available in an 8-ball chipscale package which does not need HDI PCB process for fabrication thereby reducing the PCB cost. The device can support up to 1-A charging and system loads of up to 2.5 A.

The battery is charged using a standard Li-ion or LiFePO4 charge profile with three phases: precharge, constant current and constant voltage. Thermal regulation provides the maximum charge current while managing the device temperature. The charger is also optimized for battery to battery charging with 3-V minimum input voltage operation and can withstand 25-V absolute maximum line transients. The device integrates a single push-button input and reset circuitry to reduce the total solution footprint.

The BQ25180 is a linear battery charger IC focusing on small solution size and low quiescent current for extending battery life. The device is available in an 8-ball chipscale package which does not need HDI PCB process for fabrication thereby reducing the PCB cost. The device can support up to 1-A charging and system loads of up to 2.5 A.

The battery is charged using a standard Li-ion or LiFePO4 charge profile with three phases: precharge, constant current and constant voltage. Thermal regulation provides the maximum charge current while managing the device temperature. The charger is also optimized for battery to battery charging with 3-V minimum input voltage operation and can withstand 25-V absolute maximum line transients. The device integrates a single push-button input and reset circuitry to reduce the total solution footprint.

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Technical documentation

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Type Title Date
* Data sheet BQ25180 I2C Controlled, 1-Cell, 1-A Linear Battery Charger with Power Path and Ship Mode datasheet (Rev. B) PDF | HTML 25 Jan 2022
Application note BQ25180 and BQ25181 I2C Controlled Linear Battery Chargers Small Form Factor Des PDF | HTML 10 Jun 2022
User guide BQ2518x EVM User's Guide (Rev. B) 01 Feb 2022
Technical article When to use rechargeable batteries in small battery applications 01 Oct 2019
Technical article Should I use a linear charger or a switching charger? 31 Oct 2015
Technical article Summertime and the livin' is easy 20 Jun 2014

Design & development

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Evaluation board

BQ25180EVM — BQ25180 evaluation module for 1-A, Li-ion I2C-programmable power-path charger

Use the BQ25180EVM evaluation module (EVM) to evaluate the BQ25180 device. The BQ25180 device is an integrated battery-charge management IC that integrates the most common functions for wearable devices: linear charger, regulated output, manual reset with timer, ship mode, shutdown mode and (...)
User guide: PDF
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DSBGA (YBG) 8 View options

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