SLOSE70 December 2020 DRV8434S
An analog current-limit circuit on each FET limits the current through the FET by removing the gate drive. If this current limit persists for longer than the tOCP time, the FETs in that particular H-bridge are disabled and the nFAULT pin is driven low. The FAULT and OCP bits are latched high in the SPI registers.
For xOUTx to VM short, corresponding OCP_LSx_x bit goes high in the DIAG Status 1 register. Similarly, for xOUTx to ground short, corresponding OCP_HSx_x bit goes high. For example, for AOUT1 to VM short, OCP_LS1_A bit goes high; and for BOUT2 to ground short, the OCP_HS2_B bit goes high.
The charge pump remains active during this condition. The overcurrent protection can operate in two different modes: latched shutdown and automatic retry.