SLOSE70 December   2020 DRV8434S


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1. 5.1 Pin Functions
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4 Thermal Information
    5. 6.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 6.6 SPI Timing Requirements
    7. 6.7 Indexer Timing Requirements
      1. 6.7.1 Typical Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1  Stepper Motor Driver Current Ratings
        1. Peak Current Rating
        2. RMS Current Rating
        3. Full-Scale Current Rating
      2. 7.3.2  PWM Motor Drivers
      3. 7.3.3  Microstepping Indexer
      4. 7.3.4  Controlling VREF with an MCU DAC
      5. 7.3.5  Current Regulation
      6. 7.3.6  Decay Modes
        1. Slow Decay for Increasing and Decreasing Current
        2. Slow Decay for Increasing Current, Mixed Decay for Decreasing Current
        3. Slow Decay for Increasing Current, Fast Decay for Decreasing current
        4. Mixed Decay for Increasing and Decreasing Current
        5. Smart tune Dynamic Decay
        6. Smart tune Ripple Control
      7. 7.3.7  PWM OFF Time
      8. 7.3.8  Blanking time
      9. 7.3.9  Charge Pump
      10. 7.3.10 Linear Voltage Regulators
      11. 7.3.11 Logic Level, tri-level and quad-level Pin Diagrams
        1. nFAULT Pin
      12. 7.3.12 Protection Circuits
        1. VM Undervoltage Lockout (UVLO)
        2. VCP Undervoltage Lockout (CPUV)
        3. Overcurrent Protection (OCP)
          1. Latched Shutdown (OCP_MODE = 0b)
          2. Automatic Retry (OCP_MODE = 1b)
        4. Stall Detection
        5. Open-Load Detection (OL)
        6. Overtemperature Warning (OTW)
        7. Thermal Shutdown (OTSD)
          1. Latched Shutdown (OTSD_MODE = 0b)
          2. Automatic Recovery (OTSD_MODE = 1b)
        8.       Fault Condition Summary
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 Sleep Mode (nSLEEP = 0)
      2.      56
      3. 7.4.2 Disable Mode (nSLEEP = 1, ENABLE = 0)
      4. 7.4.3 Operating Mode (nSLEEP = 1, ENABLE = 1)
      5. 7.4.4 nSLEEP Reset Pulse
      6.      Functional Modes Summary
    5. 7.5 Programming
      1. 7.5.1 Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Communication
        1. SPI Format
        2. SPI for a Single Target Device
        3. SPI for Multiple Target Devices in Daisy Chain Configuration
        4. SPI for Multiple Target Devices in Parallel Configuration
    6. 7.6 Register Maps
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Application
      1. 8.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 8.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. Stepper Motor Speed
        2. Current Regulation
        3. Decay Mode
        4. Application Curves
        5. Thermal Application
          1. Power Dissipation
          2. Conduction Loss
          3. Switching Loss
          4. Power Dissipation Due to Quiescent Current
          5. Total Power Dissipation
          6. Device Junction Temperature Estimation
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
    1. 9.1 Bulk Capacitance
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
      1. 10.1.1 Layout Example
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    2. 11.2 Support Resources
    3. 11.3 Trademarks
    4. 11.4 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    5. 11.5 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information


The DRV8434S is an integrated motor-driver solution for bipolar stepper motors. The device provides the maximum integration by integrating two N-channel power MOSFET H-bridges, current sense resistors and regulation circuitry, and a microstepping indexer. The DRV8434S is capable of supporting wide supply voltage of 4.5 to 48 V. The device provides an output current up to 4-A peak, 2.5-A full-scale, or 1.8-A root mean square (rms). The actual full-scale and rms current depends on the ambient temperature, supply voltage, and PCB thermal capability.

A simple STEP/DIR interface allows for an external controller to manage the direction and step rate of the stepper motor. The internal microstepping indexer can execute high-accuracy micro-stepping without requiring the external controller to manage the winding current level. The indexer is capable of full step, half step, and 1/4, 1/8, 1/16, 1/32, 1/64, 1/128, and 1/256 microstepping. High microstepping contributes to significant audible noise reduction and smooth motion. In addition to a standard half stepping mode, a noncircular half stepping mode is available for increased torque output at higher motor RPM.

Stepper motor drivers need to re-circulate the winding current by implementing several types of decay modes, like slow decay, mixed decay and fast decay. The DRV8434S comes with smart tune decay modes. The smart tune is an innovative decay mechanism that automatically adjusts for optimal current regulation performance agnostic of voltage, motor speed, variation and aging effects. Smart tune Ripple Control uses a variable off-time, ripple current control scheme to minimize distortion of the motor winding current. Smart tune Dynamic Decay uses a fixed off-time, dynamic fast decay percentage scheme to minimize distortion of the motor winding current while minimizing frequency content and significantly reducing design efforts. Along with this seamless, effortless automatic smart tune, DRV8434S also provides the traditional decay modes like slow-mixed and mixed decay as well.

A torque DAC feature allows the controller to scale the output current without needing to scale the VREF voltage reference. The torque DAC is accessed using a digital input pin which allows the controller to save system power by decreasing the motor current consumption when high output torque is not required.

The device integrates a spread spectrum clocking feature for both the internal digital oscillator and internal charge pump. This feature minimizes the radiated emissions from the device. A low-power sleep mode is included which allows the system to save power when not actively driving the motor.