SLUSDV2A May   2020  ā€“ May 2021 BQ25798

PRODUCTION DATA  

  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
  4. Revision History
  5. Description (continued)
  6. Pin Configuration and Functions
  7. Specifications
    1. 7.1 Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 7.2 ESD Ratings
    3. 7.3 Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 7.4 Thermal Information
    5. 7.5 Electrical Characteristics
    6. 7.6 Timing Requirements
    7. 7.7 Typical Characteristics
  8. Detailed Description
    1. 8.1 Overview
    2. 8.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 8.3 Feature Description
      1. 8.3.1  Device Power-On-Reset
      2. 8.3.2  PROG Pin Configuration
      3. 8.3.3  Device Power Up from Battery without Input Source
      4. 8.3.4  Device Power Up from Input Source
        1. 8.3.4.1 Power Up REGN LDO
        2. 8.3.4.2 Poor Source Qualification
        3. 8.3.4.3 ILIM_HIZ Pin
        4. 8.3.4.4 Default VINDPM Setting
        5. 8.3.4.5 Input Source Type Detection
          1. 8.3.4.5.1 D+/Dā€“ Detection Sets Input Current Limit
          2. 8.3.4.5.2 HVDCP Detection Procedure
          3. 8.3.4.5.3 Connector Fault Detection
      5. 8.3.5  Dual-Input Power Mux
        1. 8.3.5.1 ACDRV Turn On Condition
        2. 8.3.5.2 VBUS Input Only
        3. 8.3.5.3 One ACFET-RBFET
        4. 8.3.5.4 Two ACFETs-RBFETs
      6. 8.3.6  Buck-Boost Converter Operation
        1. 8.3.6.1 Force Input Current Limit Detection
        2. 8.3.6.2 Input Current Optimizer (ICO)
        3. 8.3.6.3 Maximum Power Point Tracking for Small PV Panel
        4. 8.3.6.4 Pulse Frequency Modulation (PFM)
        5. 8.3.6.5 Device HIZ State
      7. 8.3.7  USB On-The-Go (OTG)
        1. 8.3.7.1 OTG Mode to Power External Devices
        2. 8.3.7.2 Backup Power Supply Mode
        3. 8.3.7.3 Backup Mode with Dual Input Mux
      8. 8.3.8  Power Path Management
        1. 8.3.8.1 Narrow VDC Architecture
        2. 8.3.8.2 Dynamic Power Management
      9. 8.3.9  Battery Charging Management
        1. 8.3.9.1 Autonomous Charging Cycle
        2. 8.3.9.2 Battery Charging Profile
        3. 8.3.9.3 Charging Termination
        4. 8.3.9.4 Charging Safety Timer
        5. 8.3.9.5 Thermistor Qualification
          1. 8.3.9.5.1 JEITA Guideline Compliance in Charge Mode
          2. 8.3.9.5.2 Cold/Hot Temperature Window in OTG Mode
      10. 8.3.10 Integrated 16-Bit ADC for Monitoring
      11. 8.3.11 Status Outputs ( STAT, and INT)
        1. 8.3.11.1 Charging Status Indicator (STAT Pin)
        2. 8.3.11.2 Interrupt to Host ( INT)
      12. 8.3.12 Ship FET Control
        1. 8.3.12.1 Shutdown Mode
        2. 8.3.12.2 Ship Mode
        3. 8.3.12.3 System Power Reset
      13. 8.3.13 Protections
        1. 8.3.13.1 Voltage and Current Monitoring
          1. 8.3.13.1.1  VAC Over-voltage Protection (VAC_OVP)
          2. 8.3.13.1.2  VBUS Over-voltage Protection (VBUS_OVP)
          3. 8.3.13.1.3  VBUS Under-voltage Protection (POORSRC)
          4. 8.3.13.1.4  System Over-voltage Protection (VSYS_OVP)
          5. 8.3.13.1.5  System Short Protection (VSYS_SHORT)
          6. 8.3.13.1.6  Battery Over-voltage Protection (VBAT_OVP)
          7. 8.3.13.1.7  Battery Over-current Protection (IBAT_OCP)
          8. 8.3.13.1.8  Input Over-current Protection (IBUS_OCP)
          9. 8.3.13.1.9  OTG Over-voltage Protection (OTG_OVP)
          10. 8.3.13.1.10 OTG Under-voltage Protection (OTG_UVP)
        2. 8.3.13.2 Thermal Regulation and Thermal Shutdown
      14. 8.3.14 Serial Interface
        1. 8.3.14.1 Data Validity
        2. 8.3.14.2 START and STOP Conditions
        3. 8.3.14.3 Byte Format
        4. 8.3.14.4 Acknowledge (ACK) and Not Acknowledge (NACK)
        5. 8.3.14.5 Slave Address and Data Direction Bit
        6. 8.3.14.6 Single Write and Read
        7. 8.3.14.7 Multi-Write and Multi-Read
    4. 8.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 8.4.1 Host Mode and Default Mode
      2. 8.4.2 Register Bit Reset
    5. 8.5 Register Map
      1. 8.5.1 I2C Registers
  9. Application and Implementation
    1. 9.1 Application Information
    2. 9.2 Typical Application
      1. 9.2.1 Design Requirements
      2. 9.2.2 Detailed Design Procedure
        1. 9.2.2.1 PV Panel Selection
        2. 9.2.2.2 Inductor Selection
        3. 9.2.2.3 Input (VBUS / PMID) Capacitor
        4. 9.2.2.4 Output (VSYS) Capacitor
      3. 9.2.3 Application Curves
  10. 10Power Supply Recommendations
  11. 11Layout
    1. 11.1 Layout Guidelines
    2. 11.2 Layout Example
  12. 12Device and Documentation Support
    1. 12.1 Device Support
      1. 12.1.1 Third-Party Products Disclaimer
    2. 12.2 Documentation Support
      1. 12.2.1 Related Documentation
    3. 12.3 Receiving Notification of Documentation Updates
    4. 12.4 Support Resources
    5. 12.5 Trademarks
    6. 12.6 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    7. 12.7 Glossary
  13. 13Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Host Mode and Default Mode

The device is a host controlled charger, but it can operate in default mode without host management. In default mode, the device can be used as an autonomous charger with no host or while host is in sleep mode. When the charger is in default mode, WD_STAT bit becomes HIGH, WD_FLAG is set to 1, and an INT is asserted low to alert the host (unless masked by WD_MASK). The WD_FLAG bit would read as 1 upon the first read and then 0 upon subsequent reads. When the charger is in host mode, WD_STAT bit is LOW.

After power-on-reset, the device starts in default mode with watchdog timer expired. All the registers are in the default settings.

In default mode, the device keeps charging the battery with default 1-hour trickle charging safety timer, 2-hour pre-charging safety timer and the 12-hour fast charging safety timer. At the end of the 1-hour or 2-hour or 12-hour timer expired, the charging is stopped and the buck-boost converter continues to operate to supply system load.

A write to any I2C register transitions the charger from default mode to host mode, and initiates the watchdog timer. All the device parameters can be programmed by the host. To keep the device in host mode, the host has to reset the watchdog timer by writing 1 to WD_RST bit before the watchdog timer expires (WD_STAT bit is set), or disable watchdog timer by setting WATCHDOG bits = 00.

When the watchdog timer is expired, the device returns to default mode and all registers are reset to default values except the ones described in Section 8.5. The watchdog timer will be reset on any write if the watchdog timer has expired. When watchdog timer expires, WD_STAT and WD_FLAG is set to 1, and an INT is asserted low to alert the host (unless masked by WD_MASK).

GUID-1CEF2E4E-9657-457C-962E-49C07BA8C33D-low.gif Figure 8-25 Watchdog Timer Flow Chart