DLPS039F December   2015  – April 2019 TPS99000-Q1


  1. Features
  2. Applications
  3. Description
    1.     Typical Standalone System
  4. Revision History
  5. Pin Configuration and Functions
    1.     Pin Functions - Initialization, Clock, and Diagnostics
    2.     Pin Functions - Power and Ground
    3.     Pin Functions - Power Supply Management
    4.     Pin Functions - Illumination Control
    5.     Pin Functions - Serial Peripheral Interfaces
    6.     Pin Functions - Analog to Digital Converter
  6. Specifications
    1. 6.1  Absolute Maximum Ratings
    2. 6.2  ESD Ratings
    3. 6.3  Recommended Operating Conditions
    4. 6.4  Thermal Information
    5. 6.5  Electrical Characteristics - Transimpedance Amplifier Parameters
    6. 6.6  Electrical Characteristics - Digital to Analog Converters
    7. 6.7  Electrical Characteristics - Analog to Digital Converter
    8. 6.8  Electrical Characteristics - FET Gate Drivers
    9. 6.9  Electrical Characteristics - Photo Comparator
    10. 6.10 Electrical Characteristics - Voltage Regulators
    11. 6.11 Electrical Characteristics - Temperature and Voltage Monitors
    12. 6.12 Electrical Characteristics - Current Consumption
    13. 6.13 Power-Up Timing Requirements
    14. 6.14 Power-Down Timing Requirements
    15. 6.15 Timing Requirements - Sequencer Clock
    16. 6.16 Timing Requirements - Host / Diagnostic Port SPI Interface
    17. 6.17 Timing Requirements - ADC Interface
    18. 6.18 Switching Characteristics
  7. Detailed Description
    1. 7.1 Overview
    2. 7.2 Functional Block Diagram
    3. 7.3 Feature Description
      1. 7.3.1 Illumination Control
        1. Illumination System High Dynamic Range Dimming Overview
        2. Illumination Control Loop
        3. Continuous Mode Operation
          1. Output Capacitance in Continuous Mode
          2. Continuous Mode Driver Distortion and Blanking Current
          3. Continuous Mode S_EN2 Dissipative Load Shunt Options
          4. Continuous Mode Constant OFF Time
          5. Continuous Mode Current Limit
        4. Discontinuous Mode Operation
          1. Discontinuous Mode Pulse Width Limit
          2. COMPOUT_LOW Timer in Discontinuous Operation
          3. Dimming Within Discontinuous Operation Range
          4. Multiple Pulse Heights to Increase Bit Depth
          5. TIA Gain Adjustment
          6. Current Limit in Discontinuous Mode
          7. CMODE Big Cap Mode in Discontinuous Operation
      2. 7.3.2 Over-Brightness Detection
        1. Photo Feedback Monitor BIST
        2. Excessive Brightness BIST
      3. 7.3.3 Analog to Digital Converter
        1. Analog to Digital Converter Input Table
      4. 7.3.4 Power Sequencing and Monitoring
        1. Power Monitoring
      5. 7.3.5 DMD Mirror Voltage Regulator
      6. 7.3.6 Low Dropout Regulators
      7. 7.3.7 System Monitoring Features
        1. Windowed Watchdog Circuits
        2. Die Temperature Monitors
        3. External Clock Ratio Monitor
      8. 7.3.8 Communication Ports
        1. Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI)
    4. 7.4 Device Functional Modes
      1. 7.4.1 OFF
      2. 7.4.2 STANDBY
      3. 7.4.3 POWERING_DMD
      4. 7.4.4 DISPLAY_RDY
      5. 7.4.5 DISPLAY_ON
      6. 7.4.6 PARKING
      7. 7.4.7 SHUTDOWN
    5. 7.5 Register Maps
      1. 7.5.1 System Status Registers
      2. 7.5.2 ADC Control
      3. 7.5.3 General Fault Status
  8. Application and Implementation
    1. 8.1 Application Information
    2. 8.2 Typical Applications
      1. 8.2.1 HUD
        1. Design Requirements
        2. Application Design Considerations
          1. Photodiode Considerations
          2. LED Current Measurement
          3. Setting the Current Limit
          4. Input Voltage Variation Impact
          5. Discontinuous Mode Photo Feedback Considerations
          6. Transimpedance Amplifiers (TIAs, Usage, Offset, Dark Current, Ranges, RGB Trim)
      2. 8.2.2 Headlight
        1. Design Requirements
  9. Power Supply Recommendations
    1. 9.1 TPS99000-Q1 Power Supply Architecture
    2. 9.2 TPS99000-Q1 Power Outputs
    3. 9.3 Power Supply Architecture
  10. 10Layout
    1. 10.1 Layout Guidelines
      1. 10.1.1 Power/High Current Signals
      2. 10.1.2 Sensitive Analog Signals
      3. 10.1.3 High Speed Digital Signals
      4. 10.1.4 High Power Current Loops
      5. 10.1.5 Kelvin Sensing Connections
      6. 10.1.6 Ground Separation
  11. 11Device and Documentation Support
    1. 11.1 Device Support
      1. 11.1.1 Third-Party Products Disclaimer
    2. 11.2 Trademarks
    3. 11.3 Electrostatic Discharge Caution
    4. 11.4 Glossary
  12. 12Mechanical, Packaging, and Orderable Information
    1. 12.1 Package Option Addendum
      1. 12.1.1 Tape and Reel Information
      2. 12.1.2 Mechanical Drawings

Package Options

Mechanical Data (Package|Pins)
Thermal pad, mechanical data (Package|Pins)
Orderable Information

Continuous Mode Driver Distortion and Blanking Current

TPS99000-Q1 first_gen_legacy_sys_pulse_DLPS039.gifFigure 12. First Generation/Legacy System Pulse Distortion Example

As seen in Figure 12, the actual LED current pulse is distorted due to the rising (Tr) and falling (Tf) edges rates not being equal, and/or the turn-on (Tp1) and turn-off (Tp2) propagation delays not being equal. The rising edge turn-on time of the current pulse is primarily a function of the voltage across the inductor and the desired current, plus the inductor current initial condition. This distortion causes both the time attenuation and amplitude attenuation of the pulse to become non-linear functions of the control settings. This can lead to image artifacts.

Blanking time is the period of no light output in between two LED segments. The inductor current during this time is called blanking current. This current is controlled to provide an optimized Tr and Tf.

Blanking current control reduces image artifacts by preventing light overshoot and undershoot.

The blanking current time periods are split into two parts. The first is a dissipation phase where the residual current in the inductor from the previous light pulse is reduced using a dissipative shunt. The second phase is a non-dissipative (low series resistance) shunt phase, where the inductor is charged up to the appropriate current for the next light pulse before current is applied to the LED. This process is illustrated in Figure 13.

TPS99000-Q1 blkng_current_dischrge_chrge_cyl_DLPS039.gifFigure 13. Blanking Current Discharge/Charge Cycles

During the first phase of the blanking time, shunt 2 (S_EN2) is enabled while the LEDs are disconnected. This places a load with a higher effective resistance in place of the LEDs. The residual energy in the inductor is dissipated into this load and the inductor current decreases rapidly. Without this feature, a high current in one pulse could cause excessive brightness in the next pulse.

During the second phase of the blanking time, the LED driver charges the inductor through a short circuit shunt (S_EN1). Charging continues until the peak current limit is reached. The peak current limit is set by the ILIM DAC. The peak current limit setting is coordinated by DLPC230-Q1 software to match the expected operating current during photo feedback operation. (The expected current level is determined from ADC measurements of LED current during prior frames.) When the blanking current time period is over, the S_EN1 short circuit shunt is turned off, the next LED is enabled, the DRV_EN signal is toggled, and the system reverts to photo feedback, hysteretic operation. Because the inductor is pre-charged to the ideal current and the system capacitance is low, light output rising edge is extremely fast, and the transition to stable hysteretic control is nearly immediate. This results in a more rectangular pulse. An illustration of the current paths is shown in Figure 14.

TPS99000-Q1 Blanking_Current_Paths2.gifFigure 14. Blanking Current Paths

Precise control of the LED pulse shape results in greater dimming range, more display bit depth, and better color and gray ramp accuracy.