Building Automation - Overview
A building automation system (BAS) is an example of a distributed control system, an intelligent network of devices designed to monitor and control the mechanical, electronics, and lighting systems in an intelligent building or a smart home. Such functionality keeps the building climate within a specified range, provides lighting and security based on an occupancy schedule, monitors system performance and device failures, and provides malfunction alarms and other communications to utilities and engineering management. BAS functionality enhances security while reducing energy and maintenance costs when compared to non-controlled buildings.
Home automation is the residential extension of building automation and often includes centralized control of lighting, HVAC (heating, ventilation and air conditioning), appliances, security locks of gates and doors and other systems, to provide improved convenience, comfort, energy efficiency and security. The popularity of the smart homes is on the rise with expanded affordability and simplicity of smartphone and tablet connectivity, and the Internet of Things (IoT), integrating electrical devices in a house with each other and information technologies to positively impact the home environment, systems and appliances.