Product details

Vin (Min) (V) 3 Vin (Max) (V) 20 Vout (Min) (V) 0.6 Vout (Max) (V) 5 Iout (Max) (A) 30 Iq (Typ) (uA) 6000 Switching frequency (Min) (kHz) 200 Switching frequency (Max) (kHz) 2000 Features Dynamic Voltage Scaling, Enable, Frequency Synchronization, PMBus, Power Good, Pre-Bias Start-Up, Remote Sense, Synchronous Rectification, Tracking Operating temperature range (C) -40 to 125 Regulated outputs (#) 1 Number of phases 1 Rating Catalog
Vin (Min) (V) 3 Vin (Max) (V) 20 Vout (Min) (V) 0.6 Vout (Max) (V) 5 Iout (Max) (A) 30 Iq (Typ) (uA) 6000 Switching frequency (Min) (kHz) 200 Switching frequency (Max) (kHz) 2000 Features Dynamic Voltage Scaling, Enable, Frequency Synchronization, PMBus, Power Good, Pre-Bias Start-Up, Remote Sense, Synchronous Rectification, Tracking Operating temperature range (C) -40 to 125 Regulated outputs (#) 1 Number of phases 1 Rating Catalog
VQFN (RHL) 24 19 mm² 5.5 x 3.5
  • Input Operating Voltage Range: 3 V to 20 V
  • PMBus Enabled Analog Controller
  • Reference 600 mV ± 1%
  • Remote Voltage Sense Amplifier
  • Internal 6-V Regulator and 6-V Gate Drive
  • Programmable Overcurrent Protection
  • Inductor Resistance or Series Resistance Used for Current Sensing
  • Programmable Switching Frequency: 200 kHz to 2 MHz
  • Powergood Indicator
  • Thermal Shutdown
  • Programmable Soft-Start
  • Internal Bootstrap Diode
  • Prebias Output Safe
  • 24-Pin QFN Package
  • Input Operating Voltage Range: 3 V to 20 V
  • PMBus Enabled Analog Controller
  • Reference 600 mV ± 1%
  • Remote Voltage Sense Amplifier
  • Internal 6-V Regulator and 6-V Gate Drive
  • Programmable Overcurrent Protection
  • Inductor Resistance or Series Resistance Used for Current Sensing
  • Programmable Switching Frequency: 200 kHz to 2 MHz
  • Powergood Indicator
  • Thermal Shutdown
  • Programmable Soft-Start
  • Internal Bootstrap Diode
  • Prebias Output Safe
  • 24-Pin QFN Package

The TPS40400 is a cost-optimized flexible synchronous buck controller that operates from a nominal 3-V to 20-V supply. This controller is an analog PWM controller that allows programming and monitoring through the PMBus™ interface. Flexible features found on this device include programmable soft-start time, programmable short circuit limit, and programmable undervoltage lockout (UVLO).

An adaptive anti-cross conduction scheme is used to prevent shoot through current in the power FETs. Gate drive voltage is 6 V to better enhance the power FETs for reduced losses. Short circuit detection occurs by sensing the voltage drop across the inductor or across a resistor placed in series with the inductor. A PMBus programmable threshold is compared to this voltage and is used to detect overcurrent. When the overcurrent threshold is reached, a pulse by pulse current limit scheme is used to limit the current to acceptable levels. If the overcurrent condition persists for more than 7 clock cycles of the converter, a fault condition is declared and the converter shuts down and goes into either a hiccup restart mode or latches off. The behavior can be selected through the PMBus interface. Other PMBus interface features include programmable operating frequency, soft-start time, overvoltage and undervoltage thresholds and the response to those events, output voltage change including margining as well as status monitoring.

The TPS40400 is a cost-optimized flexible synchronous buck controller that operates from a nominal 3-V to 20-V supply. This controller is an analog PWM controller that allows programming and monitoring through the PMBus™ interface. Flexible features found on this device include programmable soft-start time, programmable short circuit limit, and programmable undervoltage lockout (UVLO).

An adaptive anti-cross conduction scheme is used to prevent shoot through current in the power FETs. Gate drive voltage is 6 V to better enhance the power FETs for reduced losses. Short circuit detection occurs by sensing the voltage drop across the inductor or across a resistor placed in series with the inductor. A PMBus programmable threshold is compared to this voltage and is used to detect overcurrent. When the overcurrent threshold is reached, a pulse by pulse current limit scheme is used to limit the current to acceptable levels. If the overcurrent condition persists for more than 7 clock cycles of the converter, a fault condition is declared and the converter shuts down and goes into either a hiccup restart mode or latches off. The behavior can be selected through the PMBus interface. Other PMBus interface features include programmable operating frequency, soft-start time, overvoltage and undervoltage thresholds and the response to those events, output voltage change including margining as well as status monitoring.

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Technical documentation

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Type Title Date
* Data sheet TPS40400 3-V to 20-V PMBus Synchronous Buck Controller datasheet (Rev. D) 07 Nov 2016
Analog design journal Maximizing power density and thermal performance in power-module designs 12 Dec 2018
Selection guide Power Management Guide 2018 (Rev. R) 25 Jun 2018
Selection guide DC/DC Buck Controller Solutions Selection Guide 06 Feb 2018
Application note SMT Guidelines for Stacked Inductor (Inductor On Top) on Voltage Regulator IC 22 Feb 2016
Technical article Select the correct PMBus POL solution for your application 03 Aug 2015
Technical article Power Tips: How to Remote Sense your Power Supply 16 Aug 2014
Technical article Nailing accurate and lossless current sensing in high-current converters 16 Nov 2013
Analog design journal 2Q 2012 Issue Analog Applications Journal 26 Apr 2012
Analog design journal Remote sensing for power supplies 26 Apr 2012
User guide Using the TPS40400EVM-351 10 Aug 2011

Design & development

For additional terms or required resources, click any title below to view the detail page where available.

Evaluation board

TPS40400EVM-351 — Evaluation Module for TPS40400 PMBus Synchronous Buck Controller

The TPS40400EVM-351 evaluation module (EVM) is a fully assembled and tested circuit for evaluating the TPS40400 PMBus Synchronous Buck Controller in a typical single output application. The EVM is designed to use a regulated 8Vdc to 14Vdc bus to produce a regulated output of 1.2Vdc at a maximum of (...)

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Application software & framework

FUSION_DIGITAL_POWER_DESIGNER — Digital Power Software

Fusion Digital Power™  is the Graphical User Interface (GUI) used to configure and monitor select Texas Instruments digital power controllers and sequencer/health monitors. The application uses the PMBus protocol to communicate with the device over serial bus by way of a TI USB adapter.
Driver or library

PMBUSSW-LINUX — Linux Driver for PMBUS

The Linux driver supports PMBus controlled Buck Controllers. The Linux driver supports communication through the PMBus and interfaces with the HWMon framework.

 

Linux Mainline Status

Available in Linux Main line: Yes
Available through git.ti.com: N/A

Supported Devices:

  • tps40400
  • tps40422
  • tps544b20
  • tps544b25
  • (...)
Simulation model

TPS40400 Unencrypted PSpice Transient Model Package (Rev. A)

SLUM560A.ZIP (221 KB) - PSpice Model
Simulation model

TPS40400 IBIS MODEL

SLVMAY8.ZIP (81 KB) - IBIS Model
Simulation tool

PSPICE-FOR-TI — PSpice® for TI design and simulation tool

PSpice® for TI is a design and simulation environment that helps evaluate functionality of analog circuits. This full-featured, design and simulation suite uses an analog analysis engine from Cadence®. Available at no cost, PSpice for TI includes one of the largest model libraries in the (...)
Calculation tool

Type III Compensation Calculation Tool (Rev. E)

SLUC263E.ZIP (185 KB)
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